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Gold and Immigration: California in the 1800s
by Staff
There's gold in them thar hills! Or is there? Test your knowledge of California in the 1800s to see if you can distinguish between what's real and what's fool's gold.

The first missions in California were founded in …

  • the 18th century
  • the 19th century
  • the 17th century

By the 19th century, California was divided into districts called ...

  • military zones
  • presidios
  • pueblos

Who had control of California until the early 1800s?

  • Mexico
  • Spain
  • the United States

In 1821, California became …

  • an independent republic
  • part of the United States
  • a Mexican colony

"Californios" referred to whom?

  • white colonists
  • Spanish Mexican settlers
  • native peoples

After becoming a Mexican territory, how did California change?

  • Catholicism became mandatory.
  • Nobody would trade outside the region.
  • Traders, trappers and farmers flourished.

In 1834, the missions of California began to be …

  • parceled out to political allies
  • secularized
  • both of the above

How were the missions supposed to help native peoples?

  • The natives were to be taught skills, converted and then left to run their communities.
  • The natives were to be enslaved.
  • The natives were to be left alone.

How did the missions end up working?

  • Everyone was thrilled and worked happily together.
  • Each Native American community ran its own government.
  • No community was ever considered ready for independence.

By the end of mission life, how had the Native American population fared?

  • The population flourished.
  • The population was slowly declining.
  • The population was cut in half.

When did the first pioneers from Missouri leave for California by wagon?

  • 1862
  • 1841
  • 1802

However, what kind of United States residents had first come overland in 1826?

  • actors
  • duck hunters
  • trappers

By 1846, the native population of California was less than 100,000, but there were how many permanent, foreign residents?

  • 4,000
  • 14,000
  • 40,000

How did the Bear Flag Revolt start?

  • a friendly game of football
  • a bloody coup
  • Some Americans took horses from a Mexican military officer.

Another group of Americans soon captured what California settlement?

  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • Sonoma

The United States declared war on Mexico in May of what year?

  • 1846
  • 1852
  • 1858

What was the treaty wherein the United States received California (among other lands)?

  • Treaty of San Francisco
  • Treaty of Mexico America
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

When did the first reports of gold start trickling in from California?

  • 1849
  • 1850
  • 1848

By August 1848, how many hopeful gold miners were camped out around the area of the gold find?

  • 4,000
  • 900
  • 1,500

How many people traveled by boat to California in 1849?

  • 100,000
  • 40,000
  • 10,000

How many people attempted the overland wagon trail to get to California that same year?

  • 40,000
  • 10,000
  • 100,000

By 1853, how many "49ers" had traveled to California?

  • 150,000
  • 250,000
  • 1 million

California wanted to be admitted to the union as …

  • a slave state
  • an abolition state
  • not a state

What was the estimated value of the gold mined during the gold rush in California?

  • $450 million
  • $1 billion
  • $2 billion

California sided with whom during the Civil War?

  • the Union
  • the Confederacy
  • neither

After the Civil War, what labor problems began to appear in California?

  • Unions were unhappy with Chinese labor wages.
  • Nobody wanted to work.
  • All the white workers went on strike.

What did the Chinese Exclusion Act do?

  • banned Chinese workers from high-paying jobs
  • banned Chinese workers from working for lower wages than whites
  • banned Chinese workers from entering the country

When was the Chinese Exclusion Act repealed?

  • 1902
  • 1943
  • 1892

Chinese people who had already immigrated to the United States were also forbidden to …

  • travel to other states
  • come back after leaving the United States
  • marry American women

What grew out of the Chinese Exclusion Act?

  • more visas
  • a surge in illegal immigration
  • less green cards