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From the Nile to Cape Town: The African Geography Quiz
by Staff
With its record-breaking rivers, mountains, plains and deserts, the African continent has a diverse geography. How much do you know about the birthplace of humanity? Take this quiz to find out.

What is the population of the African continent?

  • 3.2 billion
  • 2.2 billion
  • 1.2 billion

What is the length of Africa's coastline?

  • 18,950 miles (30,947 kilometers)
  • 22,950 miles
  • 26,950 miles

True or false: The Congo River is the longest river on the African continent.

  • true
  • false

What is the tallest mountain on the continent of Africa?

  • Aconcagua
  • Kilimanjaro
  • Denali

Which African country was once named Rhodesia?

  • Chad
  • Zimbabwe
  • Nigeria

What is the biggest desert on the African continent?

  • Sahara
  • Namib
  • Kalahari

Which bodies of water separate the continent of Africa from the Middle East?

  • Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
  • Mediterranean Sea and Gulf of Aden
  • Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

Which country in Africa was home to the now-extinct dodo?

  • Mauritius
  • Cape Verde
  • Galapagos

What is the smallest country in mainland Africa?

  • Rwanda
  • Gambia
  • Burundi

Which African river empties into the Indian Ocean?

  • Nile
  • Congo
  • Zambezi

Which African country merged with Tanganyika to form the Republic of Tanzania?

  • Zanzibar
  • Zambia
  • Zaire

Which country in Africa has the largest population?

  • Ethiopia
  • Nigeria
  • Egypt

What is the lowest point on the continent of Africa?

  • Lake Assal
  • Lake Victoria
  • Lake Malawi

Where on the African continent is the Horn of Africa located?

  • Northwest coast
  • Southern coast
  • Eastern coast

Which ocean does not border Africa?

  • Indian Ocean
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean

True or false: Africa has more countries than any other continent.

  • true
  • false

Which hemisphere contains the entire continent of Africa?

  • Northern Hemisphere
  • Southern Hemisphere
  • neither

Which African country is the continent's largest producer of rubber?

  • Ivory Coast
  • Angola
  • Congo

Which African country is the largest by area?

  • Sudan
  • Algeria
  • Libya

What is the longest mountain range on the continent of Africa?

  • Atlas Mountains
  • Rwenzori Mountains
  • Tibesti Mountains

Which country is the largest producer of oil on the African continent?

  • Nigeria
  • Angola
  • Algeria

What is the largest lake by area on the continent of Africa?

  • Lake Malawi
  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Lake Victoria

What is the largest island within the maritime borders of Africa?

  • Cape Verde
  • Comoros
  • Madagascar

What is the largest city in Africa?

  • Cairo
  • Lagos, Nigeria
  • Kinshasa, Congo

How many African countries does the equator run through?

  • seven
  • six
  • five

Which African country contains the largest number of pyramids?

  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Sudan

Which African country is home to the famous maritime landmark the Cape of Good Hope?

  • South Africa
  • Namibia
  • Mozambique

Which body of water separates mainland Africa from the country of Madagascar?

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Mozambique Channel
  • Mediterranean Sea

True or false: An African city has only hosted the Olympic Games once.

  • true
  • false

Which African country was founded as a settlement of freed slaves from the United States?

  • Liberia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Ghana