HOW STUFF WORKS
QUIZZES

by Staff
Fishing is big business in Alaska, but fishery workers have the highest fatality rate per 100,000 workers of any U.S. industry. If you are up to the strenuous challenge and you land a rare position on a crab boat, then you can make a year's income in about two weeks. Take this quiz to learn more about the challenges of Alaskan fishing.

### What percentage of salmon consumed in the U.S.A. comes from Alaska?

• almost 71 percent
• almost 84 percent
• almost 95 percent

### Besides pelting rain and icy decks, what other major hazard do people fishing from boats off Alaska’s coast often face?

• heavy icing on a boats superstructure
• rouge waves
• gale force winds

### Alaskan fishermen have the deadliest occupation in the United States. What was the death rate in 2007?

• 67 deaths per 100,000 fishermen
• 91 deaths per 100,000 fishermen
• 128 deaths per 100,000 fishermen

• 33 percent
• 46 percent
• 59 percent

### Which fishing activity is the most dangerous in Alaska?

• salmon fishing
• crab fishing
• cod fishing

### What is the name of the largest fishing port in the United States?

• Dutch Harbor
• Port of Anchorage
• Port of New Bedford

• around 200
• around 250
• around 300

### What do they call the devices that they drop in the ocean to catch king crabs?

• barbed draglines
• crab traps
• crab pots

• 1,000 pounds
• 800 pounds
• 650 pounds

### How do the crabs end up in the crab pot?

• They crawl up a net ramp to reach the bait of dead fish and fall into the trap where there is no way to climb out.
• They enter a trapdoor to reach the bait of dead fish and cannot get back out.
• The trap is divided in two chambers one easy to enter where they climb to the bait and fall into the second half.

### What does the Bureau of Labor Statistics predict will happen with commercial fishing employment over the next 10 years?

• a rise of 14 percent
• a 16 percent drop
• a static level with little change

### What is the length of a typical shift when fishing crabs?

• 18 to 20 hours
• 14 to 16 hours
• 10 to 12 hours

### What other factors can lead to fatigue and the possibility of an accident while crab fishing?

• only a few hours of daylight each day and working on icy decks
• work haste due to a short season and working along the railing of a boat
• all of the above

### What do crew members on crab boats typically receive as compensation for the hard work and danger?

• \$10,000 base salary plus one percent of profits
• 1.5 to 10 percent of their ships profit
• an average of \$27,250

• 153 million
• 127 million
• 109 million

• 50,000
• 58,000
• 63,000

### What profession has the second highest fatality rate per 100,000 next to commercial fishing?

• Pilots
• Trash Collectors
• Loggers

### How much more likely are Alaskan fishermen to survive if they wear personal flotation devices?

• ten times more likely
• eight times more likely
• six times more likely
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