Artificial heart valves have been improving the quality of life of people with heart disease for decades. Still, the thought of having a surgeon tinker with your heart can be disconcerting. Do you know how heart valves work and their success rates?
Artificial heart valves were first introduced approximately how many years ago?
The four valves of the heart are the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and what other valve?
How many heart valve surgeries were performed yearly in the United States as of 2011?
700- to 800-thousand
70- to 80-thousand
7- to 8-million
Artificial heart valves can be biological or mechanical. The biological valves often come from what two animals?
baboons and sheep
crocodiles and lions
cows and pigs
Is there a difference in the durability of biological or mechanical valves?
Yes, mechanical valves last longer.
Yes, biological valves last longer.
No, they're pretty much the same.
Why do patients with mechanical valves need to take blood-thinners?
Mechanical valves give patients headaches.
Mechanical valves can cause blood cots.
Mechanical valves cause varicose veins.
The first commercially available heart valve came in what design?
Ball and cage
Ball and chain
Plaster of Paris
In recent years, a valve using this design has become popular.
Biological valves need to be replaced how often?
6 to 10 months
3 to 5 years
10 to 15 years
What does the surgical team do to the temperature of your heart during valve replacement?
They heat the muscle.
They freeze the muscle.
They cool the muscle.
What kind of machine keeps you alive while your heart is stopped?
a heart and lung machine
What is used to hold the new valve in place?
If the heart doesn't re-start once it's warmed, what can be done?
It can be given an electrical shock.
It can be warmed even more.
It can be cooled and re-heated again.
Is heart valve replacement surgery always an open heart procedure?
No, less-invasive methods are being tested.
Yes, there's really no other way to do it.
No, it's often an outpatient procedure.
Yes or No: After valve replacement surgery, you'll be back on your feet in minutes.
No, you can expect a two month hospital stay.
Yes, it's best to just get on with life immediately.
No, you will likely be in the intensive care unit for two or three days.
True or False: The amount of blood-thinner you will need to take is the same for everyone.
How will your doctor determine that your heart is working properly following surgery?
He'll ask you to "drop and give me 20."
Imaging tests will be performed.
You'll be asked to jog a mile with a heart rate monitor.
True or False: Fortunately, you'll only need blood thinner for the week following surgery.
Yes or No: A mechanical heart valve is always the best option for all young people.
No. While mechanical valves are usually best for young people, they're not a good idea for women seeking to get pregnant.
No. Mechanical heart valves are never good for young people.
Yes. They last longer than biological valves.
True or False: The success rate of heart valve replacement surgery is low.