The American's with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 dramatically changed our legal attitudes toward the physically challenged. Among the laws enacted was the requirement for wheelchair accessibility at many public facilities and businesses, mostly by way of wheelchair ramps. Do you know how to build one of these ramps to ADA specifications? Take our quiz, and learn more about how to build a proper wheelchair ramp.
What is the primary function of a wheelchair ramp?
A wheelchair ramp is a structure designed to provide the physically challenged with easier access to buildings and facilities.
A wheelchair ramp is a mechanical device that lifts a wheelchair onto a public transportation vehicle.
A wheelchair ramp is a place to store a wheelchair in an automobile.
Which of these congressional acts paved the way for wheelchair ramp standards?
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990
The Patriot Act of 2001
To what kinds of locations does the ADA apply?
all locations with stairs
The ADA requires that wheelchair ramps be at least how wide?
Besides the ramp that allows the wheelchair to climb vertically, a ramp must also have what?
a protective border
a secondary ramp
a handicapped sign
The landings at the top and bottom of a wheelchair ramp must be at least how long?
A ramp with a horizontal projection of more than 72 inches must have which of these?
a handicapped sign
a distinct color
Which of these statements best defines the slope ratio of a ramp?
The slope ratio compares the height of the ramp with the height of an average wheelchair.
The slope ratio compares the relationship between the height of the ramp and the angle of the ramp.
The slope ratio indicates the speed at which an average wheelchair user can traverse the ramp.
If you multiply the slope ratio by the height of the ramp you will determine which of these?
the ramp's length
the ramp's width
the ramp's cost
According to the ADA, the acceptable range of a ramp's slope is what?
between 1:5 and 1:10
between 1:16 and 1:20
between 1:35 and 1:50
The surface of a wheelchair ramp must have which of the following?
It must have arrows that indicate direction of traffic flow.
It must have a slip-resistant material.
It must have wheelchair tracks.
One of the advantages of using concrete to build a wheelchair ramp is what?
You can brush a slip-proof surface into it.
Concrete is inexpensive.
The beauty of concrete can't be denied.
The main disadvantage to using concrete is which of these?
It's hard to use.
What is the main disadvantage to building a ramp out of wood?
When building a ramp out of wood, you must use what size lumber?
When building a ramp out of wood you must make sure to do which of these?
Treat and varnish it.
Which of these is the best metal to use for building a ramp?
Why shouldn’t you use nails to attach wooden sections of a ramp?
Nails are more expensive than screws.
Nails don't always remain in place.
Nails are more difficult to use than screws.
Why should you leave some space between the wood boards of a ramp?
You must leave room for water to drain.
You want to reduce the amount of wood you have to buy.
You must leave sufficient room to be able to pry out a board if it rots.
The final section of a ramp will have which of the following?