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The Ultimate Consequences of High Cholesterol Quiz
by Staff
From heart disease to stroke, the health consequences of high cholesterol are reaching epidemic proportions. Millions of Americans live with heart disease and millions more have the risk factors for high cholesterol. Learn more about how high cholesterol leads to serious health complications by taking this quiz.

How long have researchers known about the link between high cholesterol and coronary heart disease?

  • 20 years
  • 40 years
  • 60 years

Coronary atherosclerosis refers to ___________________.

  • heart malformations
  • heart beat irregularities
  • fat build-up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart

How long does it typically take for coronary atherosclerosis to develop?

  • a few months
  • a year
  • several years

Fatty streaks are the earliest deposits of plaque build-up in the arteries. How do fatty streaks damage arteries?

  • They coat arteries with a fat layer.
  • They cause over-stimulation of the cells that line the artery walls.
  • Fatty streaks cause artery inflammation.

What causes plaque accumulation in the arteries to become complicated and troublesome?

  • calcium accumulation
  • blood clots
  • both of the above

What happens if artery plaque tears or ruptures?

  • Blood flow in the artery improves.
  • Heavy bleeding and clotting typically occurs.
  • The plaque causes artery blockage.

Angina is when _____________________.

  • a coronary artery narrows by 30 percent
  • a coronary artery is completely blocked
  • your heart develops an arrhythmia

What can happen to your heart during a heart attack?

  • Your heart can beat uncontrollably fast.
  • Part of your heart can die.
  • both of the above

What are the risk factors for developing metabolic syndrome?

  • genetics and excessive weight gain in childhood
  • poor diet and sedentary lifestyle
  • both of the above

According to American eating habits, which of the following fast foods directly contributes to coronary heart disease?

  • hamburgers
  • french fries
  • soda

How many Americans die of coronary heart disease each year?

  • a quarter of a million people
  • half a million people
  • a million people

What should the walls of arteries feel like?

  • soft and flexible
  • hard and inflexible
  • coarse and flexible

A two percent increase in trans fat consumption leads to a _____ increase risk of developing heart disease in women.

  • 30 percent
  • 60 percent
  • 90 percent

What is the recommended daily intake of trans fat?

  • 20 calories
  • 60 calories
  • 100 calories

Up until recently, what was the typical amount of trans fat in a serving of fast food french fries?

  • 4 grams
  • 6 grams
  • 8 grams

Peripheral vascular disease is characterized by ________________.

  • reduced blood flow in the arms and legs
  • reduced blood flow to the liver
  • reduced blood flow to the digestive tract

What are transient ischemic attacks?

  • partial heart attacks
  • mini strokes
  • inconsistently blocked arteries

Damage to the thin layers of artery walls can eventually lead to plaque accumulation and blocked arteries. What causes this damage to the artery walls?

  • smoking and high blood pressure
  • oxidation of LDL cholesterol
  • both of the above

What do artery walls feel like when there is too much trans and saturated fat in your bloodstream?

  • sticky
  • hard
  • slippery

What is the difference between trans and saturated fat?

  • Saturated fat is worse for your health than trans fat.
  • Trans fat is worse for your health than saturated fat.
  • Saturated fat has health benefits and trans fat does not.