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The Ultimate Diabetes and Eye Disease Quiz
by Staff
Eye disease is common among people with diabetes. Diabetes related eye disease can progress into serious and irreversible problems, even blindness, if left untreated. It is, therefore, essential that everyone with diabetes understands what they should do to prevent and treat eye disease. Take this quiz and learn how to protect your vision.

What part of the eye can be affected by diabetes?

  • the retina
  • the iris
  • the pupil

What can happen if you have little enlargements of the blood vessels in the eye?

  • eye hemorrhages
  • microaneurisms
  • both of the above

Where is the retina located?

  • in the back of your eye
  • in the front of your eye
  • toward the side of your eye

Retina damage due to diabetes is called:

  • retinal degeneration
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • retina degradation

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy:

  • the small blood vessels in the eye become weak
  • small amounts of blood leak out of the retina
  • both of the above

What happens when diabetic retinopathy becomes severe?

  • retinal detachment
  • blocked blood supply to the eye
  • both of the above

Besides diabetic retinopathy, what other eye condition is common among people with diabetes?

  • glaucoma
  • cataracts
  • both of the above

What is the function of the cornea?

  • to protect the eye
  • to focus light
  • both of the above

What is the function of the macula?

  • to see fine details
  • to see light
  • to see in darkness

What is found in the anterior chamber of the eye?

  • air
  • fluid
  • blood

People with diabetes are ____ more likely to develop glaucoma compared to people without diabetes.

  • 20 percent
  • 40 percent
  • 60 percent

What happens in an eye that has glaucoma?

  • increased eye pressure
  • retina and nerve damage
  • both of the above

What happens in an eye that has cataracts?

  • The cornea becomes cloudy.
  • The retina becomes detached.
  • The eye blood vessels burst.

What is the treatment for mild cataracts?

  • medication
  • sunglasses
  • surgery

What is the treatment for advanced stage cataracts?

  • medication
  • surgery
  • both of the above

What may be the consequence of cataract surgery?

  • diabetic retinopathy
  • glaucoma
  • both of the above

What is photocoagulation?

  • Pictures are taken of your eye for examination.
  • A standard treatment for diabetic retinopathy.
  • A standard medication for degenerative eye diseases.

What are the side effects of photocoagulation?

  • blurred vision
  • loss of peripheral vision
  • both of the above

What is vitrectomy?

  • eye surgery for diabetic retinopathy
  • medication for diabetic retinopathy
  • eye wash to treat diabetic retinopathy

What type of eye exam should you have at least once a year?

  • a dilated eye exam
  • a standard eye exam
  • a diabetes eye exam