The Ultimate Diabetes and Hemochromatosis Quiz
by Staff
Hemochromatosis should get more press than it receives. A condition that frequently goes undiagnosed or misdiagnosed, it can have severe and even life-threatening consequences if untreated. In fact, many people go about a good portion of their lives without a proper diagnosis. Of importance for people with diabetes, hemochromatosis, if untreated, mimics the symptoms of diabetes and can be misdiagnosed as such. Take this quiz and learn about hemochromatosis.

What is hemochromatosis?

  • a single-gene disease
  • a disease that can lead to diabetes
  • both of the above

How common is hemochromatosis?

  • 1 in 100 Americans have the genes
  • 1 in 200 Americans have the genes
  • 1 in 1,000 Americans have the genes

How does hemochromatosis lead to diabetes?

  • Hemochromatosis causes liver damage.
  • Hemochromatosis causes pancreas damage.
  • both of the above

How does hemochromatosis lead to iron overload in the body?

  • The disease results in a deficiency in eliminating iron from the body.
  • The disease results in high iron absorption into the body.
  • both of the above

Besides diabetes, what else may occur if hemochromatosis is not treated?

  • heart disease and liver cirrhosis
  • high blood pressure and heart disease
  • liver and heart cancer

What is the most common symptom of hemochromatosis?

  • difficulty breathing
  • urinary incontinence
  • joint pain

When do symptoms of hemochromatosis tend to occur in women?

  • around 20 years of age
  • after the birth of a child
  • after 50 years of age

How does a doctor test for hemochromatosis?

  • genetic testing
  • blood test
  • either of the above

Why does hemochromatosis often go undiagnosed?

  • The symptoms tend to be vague and nonspecific.
  • The symptoms tend to mimic other more common conditions.
  • both of the above

What does it mean that hemochromatosis is an example of a “founder effect”?

  • The causes of hemochromatosis were serendipitously found.
  • The mutated gene of hemochromatosis originated from one person.
  • Hemochromatosis was discovered by two different scientists at the exact same time in history.

Who is most likely affected by the hemochromatosis mutated gene?

  • Caucasians
  • Hispanics
  • African Americans

Why was hemochromatosis able to mutate from one person to thousands of people over time?

  • Hemochromatosis is a dominant gene.
  • Hemochromatosis affects individuals after child-bearing age.
  • Hemochromatosis is an aggressive genetic disorder.

Why is it that women develop hemochromatosis later in age?

  • due to hormonal levels
  • due to significant blood loss over time
  • both of the above

Why does blood loss help with the effects of hemochromatosis?

  • Blood loss leads to the expulsion of excess iron from the body.
  • Blood loss helps the heart function better in people with hemochromatosis.
  • Blood loss relieves pressure on the liver and heart in people with hemochromatosis.

What is a phlebotomy?

  • surgical removal of the pancreas
  • blood removal
  • surgical removal of the liver

When fist diagnosed with hemochromatosis, how often do you need phlebotomies?

  • once a month for a year
  • three times in one month
  • once or twice a week, often for many months

How often do you need a phlebotomy on a maintenance schedule?

  • once a month for a year
  • every two to three months
  • once every six months

What is the prognosis if someone receives hemochromatosis treatment after organ damage has occurred?

  • The pancreas will likely become healthy again.
  • You will be at increased risk for liver cancer.
  • both of the above

Why doesn't the Red Cross use blood from phlebotomies for transfusions?

  • The blood is of poor quality.
  • Hemochromatosis patients receive secondary gain from blood donations.
  • both of the above

Some blood banks in the United States that are not regulated by the Red Cross:

  • accept blood from people with hemochromatosis
  • accept blood from people with hemochromatosis under certain conditions
  • also do not accept blood from people with hemochromatosis