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The Ultimate Diabetes Medication Quiz
by Staff
Not everyone who has diabetes uses insulin shots exclusively. In fact, many people with diabetes take only pills or pills in combination with insulin. There are a variety of diabetes medication options with different modes of action and side effects. Take this quiz and learn about the treatment of diabetes with medication.

Diabetes pills are never used by people with:

  • type 1 diabetes
  • gestational diabetes
  • both of the above

When do diabetes pills work best?

  • following a recent type 2 diabetes diagnosis
  • after prolonged type 2 diabetes
  • when diabetes complications begin to occur

What is combination therapy?

  • diabetes pills and diet changes
  • diabetes pills and insulin shots
  • insulin shots and diet changes

When is combination therapy appropriate?

  • during times of sickness or stress
  • if you need surgery
  • both of the above

What is the standard treatment for a pregnant woman who has type 2 diabetes?

  • insulin shots
  • combination therapy
  • lifestyle changes only

How do alpha-glucosidase inhibitors work?

  • They artificially increase insulin levels.
  • They stimulate insulin receptors.
  • They slow down digestion.

Alpha-glucosidase are appropriate for:

  • people who don't have gastrointestinal problems
  • anyone with type 2 diabetes
  • only adult men with type 2 diabetes

What are the side effects of alpha-glucosidase?

  • constipation and nausea
  • diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas
  • hard stools and heartburn

How do sulfonylureas work?

  • They stimulate insulin receptors.
  • They slow down digestion.
  • They artificially increase insulin levels.

What are the side effects of sulfonylureas?

  • constipation and nausea
  • skin rash and upset stomach
  • both of the above

What should you avoid doing if you are taking sulfonylureas?

  • drinking alcohol
  • exercising
  • both of the above

Biguanides:

  • decrease your liver's production of glucose
  • improve your ability to make insulin
  • both of the above

What are side effects of biguanides?

  • nausea and diarrhea
  • diminished appetite and metallic taste in the mouth
  • both of the above

Meglitinides are good if you have high blood glucose levels:

  • consistently throughout the day
  • right after meals
  • only at night

How do meglitinides work?

  • They increase the pancreas' production of insulin.
  • They decrease the liver's production of glucose.
  • both of the above

What is an advantage of meglitinides?

  • Cases of hyperglycemia are rare.
  • It allows for flexibility in your daily schedule.
  • both of the above

What are the side effects of meglitinides?

  • nausea and vomiting
  • low blood glucose and weight gain
  • both of the above

How do thiazolidinediones work?

  • They increase the sensitivity of insulin receptors.
  • They slow down digestion.
  • They decrease the pancreas' production of insulin.

What are the side effects of thiazolidinediones?

  • anemia, fatigue and headache
  • jaundice, body ache and leg swelling
  • both of the above

What important warning should every user of thiazolidinediones know?

  • It can cause heat failure.
  • It can cause cirrhosis of the liver.
  • It can cause pancreatic cancer.