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Fact or Fiction: Eradicated Diseases
by Staff
It's a noble and difficult endeavor to eradicate diseases. Yet, a number of organizations and a host of people are dedicating their lives to just that and in turn, millions of lives are being saved. See if you know which diseases may one day be eradicated.

Only one disease has ever been completely eradicated:

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Edward Jenner has gone down in the history books for inventing the first vaccine that helped eliminate the smallpox virus.

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No preventative medicine has yet been developed to stop people from acquiring polio.

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The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is helping combat polio by donating more than $100 million for vaccines in Africa and Asia.

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The continent of Asia faces the greatest risk of malaria, the mosquito-borne disease that causes nearly 1 million deaths each year.

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Malaria prophylaxis is the best way to avoid contracting malaria for those living in countries with a high occurrence of the disease.

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Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic thread-like worms.

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Cysicercosis, or pork tapeworm, is caused by living in close proximity to pigs.

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Children in the United States are immunized with the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine before entering school.

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Measles is so contagious, 90 percent of those exposed to the disease who are not immune will catch it.

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German measles is the nickname for mumps.

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The MMR vaccine stands for measles, mumps and rheumatoid arthritis.

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The acronym WHO stands for World Health Organization.

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Scurvy is a disease caused by an iodine deficiency.

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According to the WHO, iodine deficiency is the single greatest preventable cause of mental retardation.

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Onchocerciasis is a parasitic disease common in sub-Saharan Africa that can lead to blindness.

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"The reduction of an infectious disease's prevalence in the global population to zero," is the definition for disease elimination.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is based in Atlanta, Ga., and has focused on disease eradication for many decades.

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Malaria is another global epidemic that is now on the verge of eradication.

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Quinine, a medicinal bark, is one of the most effective anti-malarial drugs available today.

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