Test Your Knowledge: Food Technology
by Staff
Food technology encompasses a broad range of food-related subjects. How much do you know about modern food technologies?

Food technology primarily refers to what?

  • food presentation
  • food production processes
  • restaurant menus

What does food fortification accomplish?

  • It adds vitamins to foods.
  • It adds flavors to foods.
  • It protects food from spoilage.

Some of the first food technologies focused on what?

  • preservation
  • synthesization
  • infusion

What is a primary process in creating artificial flavoring substances?

  • fermentation
  • fractional distillation
  • enzymatic processes

What do "standard components" help food producers achieve?

  • smaller quantities
  • lower efficiency
  • better consistency

Which preservation process was pioneered by Nicolas Appert?

  • canning
  • dehydration
  • salting

What's one common drawback of processed foods versus fresh foods?

  • lack of variety
  • spoilage
  • reduced nutrition

Iodized salt has added iodine to prevent which affliction?

  • Leprosy
  • Mental retardation
  • Osteoporosis

Food biotechnology manipulates what to increase better crop yields?

  • Genes
  • Recombinant DNA
  • All of the above

When were decaffeinated coffee and tea first produced?

  • 1780
  • 1830
  • 1900

ISO standard 22000 relates to what aspect of food processing?

  • artificial meat production
  • food bioengineering
  • food safety

Sous vide packaging reduces which gas in food packaging?

  • Oxygen
  • Hydrogen
  • Nitrogen

What is the process that destroys harmful bacteria in liquid foods?

  • parboiling
  • pasteurization
  • sterilization

Food packaging accounts for about what percentage of waste in U.S. landfills?

  • 25%
  • 40%
  • 10%

The term "processed food" can apply to which foods?

  • any food that has been through washing, cleaning or other basic processes
  • any food made with automated processes
  • any food that includes preservatives

What is a potential drawback to mechanically processed foods?

  • tiny metal shards
  • mild toxins from chemical reactions
  • flavor changes due to overheating

Where was wine first heated for preservation purposes?

  • China
  • France
  • Egypt

What abbreviation is used to describe foods that are more likely to become unsafe if not properly handled and cooked?

  • UNS food
  • TCS food
  • PCP food

Methyl salicylate adds which kind of flavor to foods?

  • chocolate
  • orange
  • wintergreen

The addition of folic acid to foods can prevent babies from developing what?

  • heart murmurs
  • skin lesions
  • spina bifida

Which technology process helps to create citric acid?

  • fermentation
  • pasteurization
  • dehydration

What process robs white rice of some of its nutrition?

  • milling
  • washing
  • packaging

Foods like raw meat and fish may become dangerous if left too long at temperatures higher than what?

  • 48 degrees Fahrenheit
  • 34 degrees Fahrenheit
  • 41 degrees Fahrenheit

Limonene is a liquid that adds which flavor to food?

  • grape
  • citrus
  • banana

Proper food processing is especially great for what?

  • reducing foodborne illnesses
  • reducing costs for consumers
  • making a better-than-fresh taste

Why is vitamin D difficult to add to many foods?

  • It is not fat soluble.
  • It is very bitter.
  • It causes slimy textures.

Roughly how many food processing companies exist in the U.S. alone?

  • about 20,000
  • about 45,000
  • about 100,000

How many members does the Institute of Food Technologists boast?

  • 2,000
  • 10,000
  • 17,000

Which food preservative was used in huge quantities but banned for toxicity after World War I?

  • Boric acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • Sodium propionate

An iconic book by Upton Sinclair overhauled food handling in which type of facility?

  • a cannery
  • a slaughterhouse
  • a feedlot