The French Revolution Quiz
It is often called a turning point in the history of humankind, sowing the seeds for democracy and freedom for individuals. How much do you know about the French Revolution?
Which king was largely responsible for the out-of-control spending that nearly sent France into bankruptcy at the end of the 18th century?
- King Louis XV
- King Louis XVI
- King Louis XIII
What faction made up the "third estate?"
- common people
Which event is often considered the spark that set the French Revolution in full motion?
- Day of the Tiles
- Storming of the Bastille
- The Diamond Necklace Affair
What was the Bastille?
- a fort and prison
- a royal palace
- a gunpowder storage facility
How many of the rebellious mob were killed as they stormed the Bastille?
In 1792, the king was arrested by which group?
- Committee of Public Safety
Which group made up the "first estate?"
- the royal family
- the wealthy
What was NOT an element of the Great Fear?
- The wealthy feared a popular uprising.
- The middle class feared higher taxes.
- Poor people worried that rich people were going to starve them.
What act brought the Great Fear to halt?
- The beheading of the king.
- The end of the revolution.
- The abolishment of feudalism.
What was the status of agriculture at the beginning of the revolution?
- Drought was causing food shortages.
- France was importing most of its food.
- France had an overabundance of food that farmers couldn't sell.
Which group made up the "second estate?"
- French nobility
What sorts of people were singled out and killed during the Reign of Terror?
- enemies of the revolution
- enemies of the king
- enemies of France
About how many people may have been executed during the Reign of Terror?
- over 17,000
- over 40,000
- over 82,000
Why were royalist prisoners executed in the September Massacres?
- They were guilty of war crimes.
- Rebels worried they would be freed and then attack them.
- Revolutionaries were simply taking revenge.
If a person was convicted by the Revolutionary Tribunal, what was likely to be the next thing that happened to them?
- accepting a life prison sentence
The revolution brought an end to how many years of continual rule by monarchy?
- 500 year
- 800 years
- 1,000 years
What happened to the body of Marie Louise of Savoy, who had been a friend of the queen?
- Her head was paraded around the city.
- She was burned in public.
- She was stripped and hoisted for public display.
After the adoption of the first constitution on Sep. 3, 1791, which powers did the king NOT retain?
- Power to appoint ministers.
- Power to ban public demonstrations.
- Royal veto power.
What was the Declaration of Pillnitz?
- the king declaring the rebels were criminals
- a ebel call to arms
- foreign support for France's king
Which person is often described as a driving force behind the Reign of Terror?
- King Louis
- Maximilien de Robespierre
- Napoleon Bonaparte
What was the nickname for the guillotine?
- King Cutter
- National Razor
- Neck Party
The guillotine was in use in France until what year?
What problem plagued the new "Directory" that was established by the 1795 constitution?
What did the Tennis Court Oath entail?
- That revolutionaries would behead anyone who intervened in their assembly
- That revolutionaries would not leave until they accomplished constitutional reform
- That revolutionaries would work on their forehand stroke
Which group sparked the Reign of Terror?
- The Brissots
- The Mountain
- The Girodins
The death of which person triggered the Thermidorian Reaction?
- Maximilien de Robespierre
- Marie Antoinette
- Camille Demoulins
What was the name of the document signed by the National Constituent Assembly in 1789?
- "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen."
- "Declaration for the Abolishment of the Monarchy."
- "Declaration of Independence."
Which American had a hand in the content and tone of the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen?"
- Thomas Jefferson
- George Washington
- Ben Franklin
Of what crime was King Louis XVI found guilty?
- crimes against the people
- high treason
What sort of government did France wind up with at the end of the Revolution?