Who Owns Your Genes? The Gene Patent Quiz
You inherited your genes from your parents, and they’re the building blocks of who you are. So how could someone patent them? Test your knowledge in our gene patent quiz.
The four general purposes for patenting a gene are:
- research, marketing, profit and publicity
- diagnostics, functional use, process, composition of matter
- novelty, repurposing of matter, utility, body of knowledge
The first gene patent was granted in:
Approximately how many patents are there on human genes?
- 75 to 200
- 3,000 to 5,000
- 12,000 to 13,000
Approximately how many patents are there that involve genetic material?
What was the first recombinant genetic product to get a patent?
- Diet Coke
- human growth hormone
To date, how many protein-coding genes have been identified by the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium?
Approximately what percent of human genes are patented?
- 20 percent
- 40 percent
- 80 percent
Roughly how many gene patent applications have been filed?
- 150,000 to 300,000
- 500,000 to 1,000,000
- more than 1 million
What three conditions must exist for something to receive a patent? It must be:
- temperate, arid and humid
- useful, non-obvious, describable
- inoffensive, nonlethal, organic
How long does a patent protect an invention?
- 20 years
- 99 years
The most widely publicized gene patent controversy involved genes that predicted the risk of what?
- hoof and mouth disease
- breast and ovarian cancer
- lung and throat cancer
Which celebrity became involved in gene patent legislation around 2007?
- Natalie Portman
- Michael Crichton
The Plant Patent Act, which allowed products of nature to be patented for the first time, was issued in which year?
What famous court case set the stage for patenting living organisms?
- Plants v. Zombies
- Diamond v. Chakrabarty
- Franco v. Curry
The Human Genome Project began in what year?
What percentage of human DNA creates proteins that function as genes?
- 1.1 to 1.4 percent
- 12.7 to 21.2 percent
- 27.8 to 30 percent
How much did the National Institutes of Health (NIH) spend on genetics research from 2003 to 2007?
- more than $5 million
- more than $14 billion
- more than $1 trillion
Approximately how many genes are there in one human chromosome?
If all the DNA in your cells was stretched out, it would go to the moon and back about how many times?
About how many DNA molecules are found in the complete human genome?
- 65 million
- 125 million
- 300 million