HOW STUFF WORKS
QUIZZES

FOLLOW US
The Ultimate GERD Diagnostic Tests Quiz
by Staff
If you are over 50 years of age, have had GERD symptoms for five years or longer, have uncommon or concerning GERD symptoms, or your GERD symptoms do not dissipate with medication, your doctor may order further diagnostic tests. Learn about esophageal acid testing, barium swallow, Bernstein test and upper GI endoscopy, by taking this quiz.

What is the purpose of GERD diagnostic tests?

  • to determine esophageal damage
  • to determine the strength of the lower esophageal sphincter
  • both of the above

What can you expect from esophageal acid testing?

  • a tiny tube inserted into your esophagus for 24 hours
  • a small sample of stomach acid is taken from your stomach
  • minimally invasive exploratory surgery

Esophageal acid testing is also called:

  • 24-hour pH monitoring
  • Bernstein test
  • both of the above

Who is most likely to receive an esophageal acid test?

  • someone with GERD symptoms but no esophageal damage
  • someone with severe GERD symptoms and severe esophageal damage
  • someone with inconsistent GERD symptoms

What are you expected to do during an esophageal acid test?

  • Keep a GERD diary.
  • Avoid eating as much as possible.
  • Avoid doing exercise.

What kind of discomfort should you expect from an esophageal acid test?

  • mild discomfort during and after the test
  • moderate discomfort during and after the test
  • severe discomfort, including nausea, during the test

A barium swallow assesses:

  • your lower esophageal sphincter
  • anomalies and defects in your esophagus
  • the acidity levels in your stomach

A barium swallow involves swallowing a contrast solution and:

  • X-rays
  • an MRI
  • an EKG

What are the side effects of a barium swallow test?

  • acid reflux and heartburn
  • constipation and chalky stool
  • high blood pressure and nausea

What does a Bernstein test involve?

  • a catheter being placed into your esophagus
  • ingestion of a saline solution and an acid solution
  • both of the above

Who is most likely to receive a Bernstein test?

  • someone with severe GERD symptoms
  • someone with uncommon GERD symptoms
  • someone with esophageal damage

What are the side effects of a Bernstein test?

  • mild pain during the procedure
  • mild nasal discomfort and severe heartburn after the procedure
  • mild heartburn and constipation after the procedure

During an upper GI endoscopy, your doctor:

  • will examine your esophageal lining
  • may take a biopsy of your esophageal lining
  • both of the above

Who is most likely to receive an upper GI endoscopy?

  • someone with untreatable GERD symptoms
  • someone with suspected Barrett's esophagus
  • both of the above

What are the side effects of an upper GI endoscopy?

  • constipation and chalky stool
  • burping and sore throat
  • diarrhea and heartburn