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The Ultimate GERD Medication Quiz
by Staff
When it comes to treating GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), there is a variety of medication options, from antacids to proton pump inhibitors. GERD medications, overall, are very effective in treating acid reflux and heartburn. Be a wise consumer though, as most medications come with a long list of side effects and may have long-term consequences on your health.

What is alginic acid/antacid combination medication used for?

  • slow but long-term relief of severe GERD symptoms
  • rapid relief of occasional GERD symptoms
  • rapid relief of severe GERD symptoms

When should you take alginic acid/antacid medication?

  • before you eat
  • after you eat
  • first onset of heartburn

Alginic acid/antacid medication are available:

  • by prescription only
  • in Mexico only
  • over-the-counter

What are the side effects of alginic acid/antacid medication?

  • constipation and chalky taste in your mouth
  • diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
  • both of the above

Who should avoid taking alginic acid/antacid medication?

  • Someone on a sodium-restrictive diet.
  • Someone with type 2 diabetes.
  • both of the above

When should you take antacid medication to prevent nighttime heartburn?

  • after every meal
  • one to three hours before bed
  • immediately before bed and once during the night

Which of the following is an example of an over-the-counter H2 blocker?

  • Pepcid AC
  • Zantac
  • Axid

When should H2 blockers be taken for optimal GERD symptom relief?

  • prior to eating
  • during eating
  • after eating

What percentage of people who have GERD experience symptom relief after taking H2 blockers for six weeks?

  • 40 percent
  • 60 percent
  • 80 percent

How do H2 blockers decrease GERD symptoms?

  • They decrease the production of stomach acid.
  • They strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • both of the above

What are the most common side effects of H2 blockers?

  • drowsiness, constipation, nausea and skin irritation
  • sore throat, shortness of breath and hair loss
  • both of the above

Proton pump inhibitors are used to treat:

  • mild GERD symptoms
  • mild-to-moderate GERD symptoms
  • moderate-to-severe GERD symptoms

Which of the following is a proton pump inhibitor?

  • Prilosec
  • Prevacid
  • both of the above

What is a proton pump?

  • It's a part of the stomach that produces acid.
  • It's a part of the intestine that produces acid.
  • It's an enzyme that is used to produce stomach acid.

How do promotility agents decrease GERD symptoms?

  • They help increase the speed of digestion.
  • They increase the tightness of the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • both of the above

Which of the following is a promotility agent?

  • Zilex
  • Reglan
  • Promax

Promotility agents may interfere with the effects of several drugs, including:

  • heart medications
  • ulcer medications
  • both of the above

What is a concern with taking drugs like proton pump inhibitors and H2 blockers long-term?

  • It leads to less absorption of nutrients into the body.
  • It can cause a rebound effect of high levels of stomach acid.
  • both of the above

What may happen if you take proton pump inhibitors or H2 blockers long-term?

  • deterioration of stomach lining
  • decrease in bone density
  • colon cancer

How do cytoprotective barriers decrease GERD symptoms?

  • They increase the tightness of the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • They decrease the production of stomach acid.
  • They coat the lining of the esophagus.