HOW STUFF WORKS
QUIZZES

FOLLOW US
The Ultimate GERD Risk Factors Quiz
by Staff
Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) affects millions of Americans each year. There are a multitude of preventable risk factors that contribute to the development of GERD. The first step in prevention is knowledge, so take this quiz and learn about the risk factors of GERD.

Why are pregnant women at increased risk of developing GERD?

  • The fetus puts pressure on the sphincter.
  • Increased progesterone causes the sphincter to relax.
  • both of the above

Most women who suffer from GERD during pregnancy experience_____________after pregnancy.

  • little to no symptoms
  • continued symptoms
  • an increase in symptoms

How does asthma contribute to the onset of GERD?

  • Low oxygen levels relaxes the sphincter muscle.
  • Shallow breathing increases stomach acid.
  • Asthmatic coughing puts pressure on the sphincter muscle.

How does diabetes increase your risk of developing GERD?

  • High blood sugar relaxes the sphincter muscle.
  • Delayed digestion due to diabetes puts pressure on the sphincter muscle.
  • both of the above

Which of the following is an age-related risk factor for developing GERD?

  • decreased saliva production
  • slower stomach emptying
  • both of the above

Who is more likely to develop severe GERD?

  • Caucasian males
  • Hispanic males
  • African-American males

Which of the following medical conditions produces GERD-like symptoms?

  • angina
  • Crohn's disease
  • both of the above

Which of the following treatments may produce GERD-like symptoms?

  • radiation
  • diabetes medication
  • asthma puffers

Which medication places you at risk of developing GERD?

  • ibuprofen
  • acetaminophen
  • decongestants

How does alcohol consumption increase your risk of developing GERD?

  • Alcohol increases stomach acid.
  • Alcohol increases pressure on the sphincter.
  • Alcohol causes the sphincter to close improperly.

How does being overweight increase your risk of developing GERD?

  • Excess weight puts added pressure on your sphincter.
  • Excess weight decreases food digestion.
  • Excess weight leads to an increase in stomach acid.

How much weight do you need to loose to reduce your risk of developing GERD?

  • 5 to 10 pounds
  • 10 to 15 pounds
  • 15 to 20 pounds

How does smoking increase your risk of developing GERD?

  • Smoking weakens your esophageal sphincter.
  • Nicotine reduces your production of saliva.
  • both of the above

Why do smokers experience a more toxic form of acid reflux?

  • Smokers experience nicotine acid reflux.
  • Smokers experience bile-related acid reflux.
  • both of the above

Stress is a risk factor for developing GERD. What percentage of American suffer from health consequences, such as GERD, as a result of high stress levels?

  • 20 percent
  • 40 percent
  • 60 percent