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The Great Depression Quiz
by Staff
Our Great Depression quiz is designed to make even the saddest history buff smile. From the stock market crash to the New Deal, pull yourself out of the dumps with a little trivia from a time when things were really bad.

When did the Great Depression start?

  • 1929
  • 1930
  • 1921

Businesses made a 65 percent leap in gains during the 1920s, but worker's salaries only increased by what percentage?

  • 12 percent
  • 8 percent
  • 45 percent

In summer 1929, the Depression was simply a recession. What's a recession, again?

  • businesses start going bankrupt
  • economic activity slows
  • Interest rates go way up

Between 1921 and 1929, prices swelled four times larger in what economic area?

  • manufacturing
  • housing
  • stocks

Because interest rates were raised, what happened?

  • banks began closing
  • people and businesses slowed spending on loans
  • everyone started buying more stocks in a panic

Before the Great Depression, the government traditionally took what role in an economic downturn:

  • It monitored closely.
  • an extremely heavy-handed role
  • a very limited role

October 24, 1929 is commonly referred to as what?

  • Sour Friday
  • Black Thursday
  • Panic Wednesday

What happened on Black Thursday?

  • People began panicking and selling off stocks at enormous rates.
  • The New York Bank declared bankruptcy.
  • The Fed raised interest rates once again.

How many shares were traded on Black Thursday?

  • 2.7 million
  • 10.4 million
  • 12.9 million

How many points down did the Dow close on Black Thursday?

  • 147
  • 45
  • 6

Black Thursday was followed by:

  • Black Monday
  • Black Tuesday
  • both

The Gold Standard is defined as what?

  • how much gold it would take to pay off the country's debt
  • the best economy rating
  • Countries set their currency by the value of gold.

How do some people believe the Gold Standard played a part in the Depression and economic downturn?

  • It caused the Depression to spread internationally, because the price and flow of gold shifted dramatically.
  • It made the cost of silver plummet, causing panic.
  • Everyone bought gold and wouldn't trade with paper money.

Who does the Civilian Conservation Corps, established in 1933, employ?

  • young men
  • young people
  • men

When did President Roosevelt order the nation off the Gold Standard?

  • 1933
  • 1931
  • 1940

By devaluing currency from the Gold Standard, many countries:

  • saw growth in their economy.
  • spiraled into bankruptcy.
  • had revolutions and riots.

Why would abandoning the Gold Standard make a difference?

  • Countries could expand their currency supplies without tying it to gold flows.
  • People just felt better knowing their paper was a symbol and didn't represent a metal.
  • It's a mystery.

How much of the American labor force was out of work during the early 1930s?

  • almost a fourth
  • 10 percent
  • 15 percent

The drought and subsequent Dust Bowl hit America in what year?

  • 1938
  • 1934
  • 1930

About how many Americans fled the Plains states to find work in other areas?

  • 1.5 million
  • 2.5 million
  • 6 million

The Works Progress Administration employed how many Americans from 1935-1943?

  • 4 million
  • 8.5 million
  • 11 million

Along with construction and building, what other industry sector received WPA support?

  • technology
  • the arts
  • health care

What was the name of the tariff passed to help domestic farming in the U.S.?

  • the Boot-Pauley tariff
  • the Smoot-Hawley tariff
  • the Loot-Falley tariff

How did the Smoot-Hawley tariff possibly hurt U.S. trade during the Depression?

  • It banned foreign rice.
  • It caused a shortage of wheat.
  • It made it harder for other countries to import agriculture products to the U.S.

What photographer's series featuring farm workers gave us lasting images of the Depression's toll?

  • Richard Avedon
  • Ansel Adams
  • Dorthea Lange

What Oklahoman became famous for his songs of protest during the Depression?

  • Tom Joad
  • Bob Dylan
  • Woody Guthrie

In 1930, what percentage of African Americans were unemployed?

  • 20 percent
  • 30 percent
  • 50 percent

What was one argument against employing women during the Depression?

  • Men couldn't cook dinner, even if their wives were working.
  • Women would be stealing jobs from men.
  • Women should be growing vegetables for food banks.

From its lowest point during the Depression, how much had industrial production declined?

  • 12 percent
  • 30 percent
  • 47 percent

What 1941 event would spark the American economy?

  • the Olympics
  • the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • the Presidential election