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Pump It Up! Heart Health Quiz
by Staff
The heart is a pump, and like other pumps, break down and need repair. And it does break down for many people -- heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. How much do you know about the dangers that threaten it?

What is infarction?

  • a tool used to restart the heart
  • death of cells
  • heart attack

If the coronary artery is blocked, it causes angina. What happens if an artery near the brain is blocked?

  • autism
  • Alzheimer's
  • stroke

What is the upper number of your blood pressure reading called?

  • systolic blood pressure
  • diastolic blood pressure
  • myocardial blood pressure

What is considered a normal blood pressure?

  • systolic blood pressure less than 90 and diastolic blood pressure less than 150
  • systolic blood pressure less than 140 and diastolic blood pressure less than 90
  • systolic blood pressure less than 180 and diastolic blood pressure less than 150

What kind of medication is used to treat hypertension works by excreting extra water and salt to lower blood pressure?

  • ACE inhibitors
  • anti-adrenergic drugs
  • diuretics

If you're trying to keep your weight in check, what BMI (Body Mass Index) should you be aiming for?

  • 14-18
  • 20-25
  • 28-32

What's the relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) and cholesterol?

  • An elevated level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and a decreased level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) are associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease.
  • A decreased level of LDL and an elevated level of HDL are associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease.
  • Levels of LDL and HDL should be about the same to reduce the risk of coronary artery disease.

How do beta blockers work?

  • These medications work by dilating the veins.
  • These medications work by preventing clots in the vessels leading to the heart.
  • These medications work by decreasing the heart rate.

In 2006, a study reported that mice that were bred to develop atherosclerosis experienced a decrease in artery plaque buildup when they were fed vegetables. By what percentage did the artery plaque buildup decrease?

  • 32 percent
  • 38 percent
  • 44 percent

A study that tracked 1,300 senior citizens living in Massachusetts found that they were 60 percent less likely to have heart problems if they ate 1 cup a day of which vegetables?

  • fava beans or spinach
  • peas or carrots
  • carrots or squash

How many times does the average heart expand and contract daily?

  • 100,000 times
  • 250,000 times
  • 1,000,000 times

What is the name of the test used to detect heart disease?

  • mammogram
  • biopsy
  • angiogram

What diseases are adults with extra weight likely to have that can lead to heart disease?

  • high blood pressure, high cholesterol
  • diabetes, high cholesterol
  • bulimia, high blood pressure

How many gallons of blood does the heart pump throughout the body?

  • 1,000 gallons (3,785 liters)
  • 2,000 gallons (7,571 liters)
  • 3,000 gallons (11,356 liters)

How much more are smokers likely to die from heart disease than non-smokers?

  • three times
  • 10 times
  • no difference

What is the C-reactive protein (CRP)?

  • a protein that shows when blood vessels are inflamed
  • a protein that catalyzes metabolism
  • a protein that assists in mobility

What two types of cholesterol affect your heart?

  • VLDL and HDL
  • HDL and LDL
  • triglycerides and HDL

Which activity below can benefit your heart as well as harm?

  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • cardio exercises

What is the name of the “bad gene” doctors say will likely develop into heart trouble?

  • P2RX4
  • LTC4S
  • S7

Sleep is important to heart health. Which of the following is NOT a good idea when it comes to sleep?

  • The more sleep, the better. If time is available, sleep nine or more hours.
  • Sleep eight hours every night. No exceptions
  • Aim for eight hours, but sometimes settling for six is OK.