Mesa Verde National Park in southwestern Colorado encompasses about 4,000 prehistoric sites of the Anasazi people. The area is also famed for its splendid natural landscape and other archeological treasures. Find out more about Mesa Verde by taking this quiz.
Which people once inhabited the Mesa Verde National Park area?
When is the Far View Visitor Center open?
between late January and late May
between early November and early February
between mid-April and mid-October
Aside from the Visitor Center, what other services are offered at Mesa Verde?
a museum, campground and park lodge
a water park, art gallery and antique exhibition
a nature workshop, art studio and expansive recreation area
What is the meaning of the Navajo name "Anasazi"?
Why are the cliff dwellings well preserved at Mesa Verde?
because of the dry climate
because of the cold climate
because of the forethought of the ancient inhabitants who preserved the ruins in a special way
What animals can you see in the high meadows?
rabbits, mule deer, turkey
red foxes, coyotes, lizards
all of the above
From studying the structure and state of the ruins, what do we know about the ancient inhabitants?
They were pagans.
They left suddenly.
They had no leader.
How did the natural alcoves for dwelling areas get formed in ancient times?
by flowing lava from volcanic eruptions
by water that percolated down through the sandstone
by huge crevices that were created during earthquakes
One novelist is reported to have experienced the Anasazi ruins as "more like sculpture than anything else." Who was the novelist?
Louisa May Alcott
Edgar Allan Poe
What makes the cliff dwelling known as "Cliff Palace" unique?
It is the oldest one in North America.
It is the largest one in North America.
It is the highest one in North America.
Which of these lends itself to a self-guided tour?
Spruce Tree House
What did the Anasazi people harvest from the Gambel oak trees?
What is the origin of the name "Spruce Tree House"?
Early pioneers used to marvel at the abundance of spruce trees there.
Early explorers climbed down a tall tree there, which they mistakenly thought was spruce.
Sir John Spruce used to live in the area and it was named after him.
What was the nature of Balcony House's natural defense?
It was hidden by thick foliage and was thus easily defended.
It was surrounded by a natural moat and was thus easily defended.
It was perched high up in a cliff alcove and was thus easily defended.
For how long has Mesa Verde been inhabited?
nearly 1,000 years
nearly 2,500 years
nearly 10,000 years
What did the early inhabitants of Mesa Verde engage in?
martial arts and sculpting
hunting and silk trading
farming and basket weaving
By the eighth century A.D., the inhabitants were building houses with poles and mud. What were their "apartment buildings" called?
Why did the mesa people move down into cliff recesses in 1200 A.D.?
They may have been threatened by tribes of newcomers.
They were escaping the heat.
They were looking for more fertile soil.
What were the kivas (underground chambers) used for?
to keep their valuables safe
What was the average lifespan of the cave dweller of Mesa Verde?