The area once known as the cradle of civilization gave birth to the wheel, writing, irrigation and even the 60-second minute. Take the quiz and see what you know about the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia.
In what current country is most of ancient Mesopotamia located?
Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s revealed human settlements dating as far as when in Mesopotamia?
- 10,000 B.C.E.
- 9000 B.C.E.
- 8000 B.C.E
What river(s) were important to the civilizations of Mesopotamia?
- Nile River
- Tigris and Euphrates rivers
- the Nile
What was Mesopotamia known as?
- the cradle of civilization
- the birth of civilization
- the birth of agriculture
Where did people go to learn reading, writing, religion, law, medicine and even astrology in Mesopotamia?
The Mesopotamians believed that they were what with the gods?
- co-workers with
- equal to
Many different societies emerged in Mesopotamia and organized cities, states and empires. Which people created the first?
- the Sumerians
- the Akkadians
- the Babylonians
True or false? The principal occupations in Mesopotamia were growing crops and raising livestock.
Were men or women the primary brewers of beer and wine?
What was the southernmost region of ancient Mesopotamia?
What two significant developments are credited to the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.E., which helped solidify Mesopotamia as the cradle of civilization?
- using first oven
- creating the city as we know and establishing writing
- building first temple and establishing first laws
Why was Mesopotamia such a good area for growing crops?
- The rivers flooded and deposited rich soil.
- The land was arid and wasn't good for farming.
- The dry air made the area resistant to pests.
True or false? Women enjoyed nearly equal rights as men in Sumeria.
Why did Sumerians build ziggurats?
- for irrigation
- to protect the cities
- as temples
What is the name of the style of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians?
What civilization took power away from the Sumerians in 2350 B.C.E.?
Who was the founder of the Akkadian Empire?
- Lugalzagesi of Umma
- Sargon the Great
What famous ancient Mesopotamian city's ruins are in modern day Iraq, just south of Baghdad?
What king ruled Babylon between 1792 and 1750 B.C.E. after the abdication of his father, King Sin-Muballit?
Hammurabi's Code, which included 282 laws of conduct and justice for his empire in ancient Mesopotamia, is the oldest example of written laws on record.
True or false? Hammurabi's Code includes one of the first examples of innocent until proven guilty.
After Hummarabi's death, Babylon fell apart and was ruled by who (in order)?
- Hittites, Assyrians and Kassites
- Kassites, Hittites and Assyrians
- Hittites, Kassites and Assyrians
Under what Chaldean's reign of Babylon are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon said to have been constructed?
- Nebuchadnezzar II
True or false? The Euphrates River was located on the eastern side of Mesopotamia.
In 539 B.C.E., the Babylonian Empire fell to:
- the Romans
- the Persians
- the Greek
After Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon, most of Mesopotamia became part of what empire?
- the Greek
- the Roman
- the Persian
What other great warrior took control of Mesopotamia from the Persians?
- Alexander the Great
- Genghis Khan
True or false? By the time the Romans came to the area in 116 C.E., few signs of Mesopotamia were left.
When did the final blow to the region of Mesopotamia come?
- Islamic conquest of 651 C.E.
- Roman conquest of 116 C.E.
- Persian conquest of 331 B.C.E.
True or false? We still recognize the contributions of Mesopotamia today.