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The Mesopotamia Quiz
by Staff
The area once known as the cradle of civilization gave birth to the wheel, writing, irrigation and even the 60-second minute. Take the quiz and see what you know about the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia.

In what current country is most of ancient Mesopotamia located?

  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Greece

Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s revealed human settlements dating as far as when in Mesopotamia?

  • 10,000 B.C.E.
  • 9000 B.C.E.
  • 8000 B.C.E

What river(s) were important to the civilizations of Mesopotamia?

  • Nile River
  • Tigris and Euphrates rivers
  • the Nile

What was Mesopotamia known as?

  • the cradle of civilization
  • the birth of civilization
  • the birth of agriculture

Where did people go to learn reading, writing, religion, law, medicine and even astrology in Mesopotamia?

  • schools
  • temples
  • churches

The Mesopotamians believed that they were what with the gods?

  • co-workers with
  • equal to
  • subservient

Many different societies emerged in Mesopotamia and organized cities, states and empires. Which people created the first?

  • the Sumerians
  • the Akkadians
  • the Babylonians

True or false? The principal occupations in Mesopotamia were growing crops and raising livestock.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Were men or women the primary brewers of beer and wine?

  • men
  • women

What was the southernmost region of ancient Mesopotamia?

  • Sumer
  • Elamites
  • Akkad

What two significant developments are credited to the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.E., which helped solidify Mesopotamia as the cradle of civilization?

  • using first oven
  • creating the city as we know and establishing writing
  • building first temple and establishing first laws

Why was Mesopotamia such a good area for growing crops?

  • The rivers flooded and deposited rich soil.
  • The land was arid and wasn't good for farming.
  • The dry air made the area resistant to pests.

True or false? Women enjoyed nearly equal rights as men in Sumeria.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Why did Sumerians build ziggurats?

  • for irrigation
  • to protect the cities
  • as temples

What is the name of the style of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians?

  • Sanskrit
  • cuneiform
  • pictographic

What civilization took power away from the Sumerians in 2350 B.C.E.?

  • Akkadians
  • Babylonians
  • Persians

Who was the founder of the Akkadian Empire?

  • Lugalzagesi of Umma
  • Sargon the Great
  • Naram-Sin

What famous ancient Mesopotamian city's ruins are in modern day Iraq, just south of Baghdad?

  • Pasargadae
  • Babylon
  • Hattusha

What king ruled Babylon between 1792 and 1750 B.C.E. after the abdication of his father, King Sin-Muballit?

  • Marduk
  • Shutruk-Nahhunte
  • Hammurabi

Hammurabi's Code, which included 282 laws of conduct and justice for his empire in ancient Mesopotamia, is the oldest example of written laws on record.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

True or false? Hammurabi's Code includes one of the first examples of innocent until proven guilty.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

After Hummarabi's death, Babylon fell apart and was ruled by who (in order)?

  • Hittites, Assyrians and Kassites
  • Kassites, Hittites and Assyrians
  • Hittites, Kassites and Assyrians

Under what Chaldean's reign of Babylon are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon said to have been constructed?

  • Nabonidus
  • Nabopolassar
  • Nebuchadnezzar II

True or false? The Euphrates River was located on the eastern side of Mesopotamia.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

In 539 B.C.E., the Babylonian Empire fell to:

  • the Romans
  • the Persians
  • the Greek

After Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon, most of Mesopotamia became part of what empire?

  • the Greek
  • the Roman
  • the Persian

What other great warrior took control of Mesopotamia from the Persians?

  • Alexander the Great
  • Genghis Khan
  • Charlemagne

True or false? By the time the Romans came to the area in 116 C.E., few signs of Mesopotamia were left.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

When did the final blow to the region of Mesopotamia come?

  • Islamic conquest of 651 C.E.
  • Roman conquest of 116 C.E.
  • Persian conquest of 331 B.C.E.

True or false? We still recognize the contributions of Mesopotamia today.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE