Master Builder's Quiz: Organic Architecture
We've all seen the aisles of organic produce that have begun popping up in grocery stores. But how much do you know about organic architecture? Take our quiz to test your knowledge!
Let's start with the basics: What is organic architecture?
- the 19th-century philosophy that architectural design should arise organically from the fancies of the mind
- the 20th-century philosophy that form and function in architecture should be united
- the 21st-century philosophy that structures should be built using only organically grown materials
What is one defining characteristic of organic architecture?
- Organic architecture pays special attention to materials, aiming to maintain the integrity of the substance in the structure's design.
- Every project contains a central atrium.
- Organic architecture uses mostly wood and natural products, with very little metal.
Who coined the term "organic architecture?"
- Frank Gehry
- Frank Furness
- Frank Lloyd Wright
What is the difference between green architecture and organic architecture?
- Organic architecture is based largely on aesthetic and design principles, while green architecture centers on building methods.
- Green design principles almost completely dominate the modern architectural world, while organic architecture remains relatively unknown.
- Green architecture has very little social conscience, while organic architecture centers on it.
What is the Gaia charter?
- an agreement across all architectural organizations to only use locally produced materials
- a compact stating that all architecutral plans would be reviewed by a committee prior to construction to ensure adherence to organic principles
- a set of rules that defined organic architecture
Who devised the Gaia charter?
- environmentalist James Lovelock
- architect Louis Sullivan
- theorist and architect David Pearson
Claude Bragdon was a major figure in organic architecture. What was one unlikely hallmark of his style?
- Bragdon used a great deal of synthetic materials, like plastics, in his designs.
- Bragdon's buildings were very regular, symmetrical and geometric in style.
- Bragdon's buildings only used 90-degree angles.
Hugo Häring, another key player in the world of organic architecture, took an approach that was quite different than Bragdon's. How so?
- Häring only designed using flowing lines -- no angles of any kind.
- Häring felt that every piece of organic architecture must be unique to the site and the client.
- Häring refused to duplicate any type of shape in his buildings, believing that a true connection to nature could only be achieved through irregularity.
Fallingwater, a privately commissioned home, is one of Frank Lloyd Wright's most famous works of organic architecture. In what distinctively organic location was Fallingwater constructed?
- in a mountain cave
- over a waterfall
- beneath a sand dune
Fallingwater wasn't the only Frank Lloyd Wright building with a history. What dramatic events did Wright's residence, Taliesin, undergo?
- A servant set the property on fire and murdered members of Wright's family and staff.
- The structure was almost completely destroyed a total of three times due to earthquakes.
- Two of Wright's wives died in childbirth in the residence.
Organic architecture isn't all about the architect's view of nature; it also gives consideration to the needs of the client. What might these needs entail?
- the occupants' dietary preferences
- the occupants' color preferences
- the occupants' hobbies