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The Spanish Civil War Quiz
by Staff
As a revolution gripped the country, Spanish citizens took up arms against one another and mercilessly slaughtered their neighbors. How much do you know about the Spanish Civil War?

The Spanish Civil War pitted the Republicans against which group?

  • Communists
  • Nationalists
  • Democrats

Which side was assisted by Nazi Germany?

  • Republicans
  • Nationalists
  • neither

In what year did the Spanish Civil War begin?

  • 1934
  • 1935
  • 1936

Which side was made up of mostly Roman Catholics?

  • Nationalists
  • Republicans
  • neither side

About how many foreign volunteers fought with the Republicans?

  • about 5,000
  • about 8,000
  • about 30,000

How did the United Kingdom react to the outbreak of the war?

  • They didn't want anything to do with it.
  • They secretly helped the Nationalists.
  • They immediately assisted the Republicans.

Which side mounted a vicious repression of anyone who didn't agree with their ideology?

  • Republicans
  • Nationalists
  • both sides

How did Franco take control of the Nationalists?

  • No one else wanted the job.
  • He was elected.
  • He killed his rivals.

Which country was the first to publicly announce its support for the Republicans?

  • Cuba
  • France
  • Mexico

The Republican side was mostly made up of what?

  • Hippies
  • the working class
  • middle-class suburbanites

During the war, nearly 7,000 Catholic clergy were killed in violence nicknamed what?

  • Red Terror
  • The Holy Horror
  • Crucifixion of the Church

In total, about how many people died during the war?

  • about 250,000
  • about 320000
  • about 500,000

In the early stages of the war, what caused most deaths?

  • executions
  • Spanish flu
  • Arson

Which country did NOT support the Nationalists during the war?

  • Germany
  • USSR
  • Italy

Historians often note the war for which extraordinary characteristic?

  • Atrocities
  • the use of chemical weapons
  • the amicable ending

How did the Republicans convince the USSR to help them fight the Nationalists?

  • They paid them.
  • They threatened them.
  • They begged them.

At the beginning of the military coup, which major city did the Nationalist rebels capture?

  • Madrid
  • Barcelona
  • Seville

After the war, what sort of government was Spain left with?

  • a dictatorship
  • a republic
  • a democracy

How many nations promised not to intervene in the war?

  • 12
  • 19
  • 27

After the war ended, for how long did Francisco Franco rule Spain?

  • three years
  • 13 years
  • 36 years

Why did both sides seek out foreign military aid?

  • They were both financially destitute.
  • They were both too puny to win.
  • They wanted to spark a world war.

As the war settled in, the Nationalists basically adopted a policy based on what?

  • terror
  • financial equality
  • fairness

About how many French men fought in the International Brigades?

  • about 10,000
  • about 20,000
  • about 30,000

During the war, a town named Guernica became famous for what?

  • Nationalists set the town on fire.
  • Civilians were targeted by aerial bombardment.
  • Nazi troops massacred hundreds of people.

How many people died in the bombing of Guernica?

  • 1,600
  • 800
  • no one knows

How long did Nationalist forces lay siege to Madrid?

  • three days
  • three months
  • three years

Why did Italy's Mussolini decide to join the Nationalists in the war?

  • Hitler told him to.
  • He hated Stalin.
  • He had extra bombs nearing their expiration dates.

After the war, about how many people died as Franco exacted revenge against his political opponents?

  • 400,000
  • 100,000
  • No one knows.

What opportunity did Hitler see by sending forces to the war?

  • He was testing his military might.
  • He thought Spain might be a good place to start World War II.
  • He wanted Spanish weapons.

How did Franco reward Hitler's help when World War II began?

  • He remained neutral.
  • He joined the Allies.
  • He joined the Nazis.