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The Union Army Quiz
by Staff
As the South seceded, the North formed forces to prevent the country from being ripped apart. How much do you know about the Union Army?

About how many served in the Union Army during the course of the war?

  • roughly 800,000
  • roughly 1.5 million
  • roughly 2.2 million

At the onset of the war, how many men were there in the U.S. Army?

  • about 8,000
  • about 16,000
  • about 32,000

How many Union men were killed in combat?

  • 110,000
  • 84,000
  • 67,000

What was the mortality rate for Union soldiers who were taken prisoner?

  • about 25%
  • about 20%
  • about 15%

What was the population of the Union-held areas at the beginning of the war?

  • 9.3 million
  • 18.5 million
  • 21 million

At the beginning of the war, what happened to most of the Army's cavalry groups?

  • They joined the Confederacy.
  • They were disbanded.
  • They were turned into infantry units.

Ulysses S. Grant commanded which army?

  • Army of the Ohio
  • Army of the Potomac
  • Army of the Tennessee

In what year did the Union Army reach its peak strength in terms of numbers?

  • 1862
  • 1863
  • 1864

Blacks made up about what percentage of Union forces?

  • about 4 percent
  • about 10 percent
  • about 16 percent

The relative success of each of the Union's armies was directly attributed to what?

  • the quality of senior leadership
  • that army's proximity to the East Coast
  • the stability of supply lines

How many Union soldiers died from disease?

  • 170,000
  • 224,000
  • 310,000

What was the minimum pay for a white Union soldier during the war?

  • $7 per month
  • $9 per month
  • $13 per month

How many generals served with the Union Army during the war?

  • 583
  • 224
  • 198

If a man was drafted and didn't want to serve, how could he avoid service?

  • pay off a local politician
  • hire a substitute
  • run away

At the beginning of the war, what was the primary objective of the Army?

  • to capture Richmond
  • to seek and destroy the Confederate Army
  • to free slaves

In total, about how many Union soldiers died during the span of the war?

  • 230,000
  • 360,000
  • 510,000

Who was the first Union secretary of war?

  • Winfield Scott
  • Edwin Stanton
  • Simon Cameron

About how many men supposedly served in each Union regiment?

  • about 1,400
  • about 1,000
  • about 500

To avoid being drafted into the Union Army, how much did a man have to pay?

  • $300
  • $500
  • $800

Why did anti-draft riots break out in 1863?

  • too many people wanted to serve
  • Poor people were tired of being drafted.
  • There was a racial disparity in the draft.

What percentage of Union soldiers were killed or wounded during the conflict?

  • about 25 percent
  • about 40 percent
  • about 50 percent

Immigrants made up about what percentage of the Union Army?

  • about 30 percent
  • about 50 percent
  • about 60 percent

About how many Union soldiers were absent during the war due to desertion?

  • 30,000
  • 50,000
  • 200,000

How many Union soldiers died in POW camps?

  • 10,000
  • 20,000
  • 30,000

The high casualty numbers meant that what percentage of the American population died during the war?

  • about 1 percent
  • about 2 percent
  • about 6 percent

If compared proportionally to today's American population, how many soldiers would have died in the Civil War?

  • 2 million
  • 4 million
  • 6 million

In 1861, how many men did William Sherman request in order to start an new offensive against the South?

  • 70,000
  • 200,000
  • 400,000

What power did the Militia Act of 1862 give to the president?

  • allowed him to arm soldiers with new weapons
  • gave him power to draft 100,000 more soldiers
  • allowed him to set quotas for soldiers from each state

In July 1861, Congress authorized the call for how many more volunteers?

  • 200,000
  • 300,000
  • 500,000

What did "bounty jumpers" do?

  • accepted bounties for finding substitutes
  • accepted pay to serve as substitutes for multiple men
  • hunted deserters