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The Branches of U.S. Government Quiz
by Staff
Discussions about politics can be overheard almost anywhere, but how much do you really know about the nuts and bolts of our government? Find out if you can ace this quiz on branches of the U.S. government.

How many branches does the U.S. federal government have?

  • two
  • three
  • four

Along with the legislative and executive branches, what is the third branch of the U.S. federal government?

  • investigative
  • financial
  • judicial

The Articles of Confederation was the first document to establish a federal government in the U.S. Which branch of government did it create?

  • judicial
  • executive
  • legislative

Which U.S. document replaced the Articles of Confederation and created the three branches of U.S. federal government?

  • the Declaration of Independence
  • the U.S. Constitution
  • the Bill of Rights

Where is the original U.S. Constitution document housed?

  • the National Archives
  • the Library of Congress
  • the U.S. Capitol

The judicial branch of the U.S. Federal Government is made up of how many primary components?

  • one
  • two
  • three

True or false: Members of the U.S. Supreme Court are NOT elected.

  • true
  • false

How many justices serve on the U.S. Supreme Court?

  • seven
  • nine
  • 11

Who determines the number of Supreme Court justices?

  • Congress
  • the president
  • the voting public

How long is the term served by Supreme Court justices?

  • six years
  • eight years
  • no term limit

Which article of the U.S. Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the U.S. federal government?

  • Article I
  • Article II
  • Article III

How many times has a Supreme Court justice been impeached?

  • never
  • once
  • twice

To keep any one branch of the U.S. government from becoming too powerful, the Constitution established a system called checks and what?

  • balances
  • approvals
  • vetoes

Who was the only U.S. president to also serve as a Supreme Court chief justice?

  • Warren G. Harding
  • William H. Taft
  • Woodrow Wilson

Which article of the U.S. Constitution establishes the executive branch of the U.S. Federal Government?

  • Article II
  • Article III
  • Article IV

The executive branch of the U.S. government is known as which governing body or office?

  • the House of Representatives
  • the Senate
  • the presidency

True or false: To serve as the president of the United States, a person must be 45 years old.

  • true
  • false

As of 2016, how many people have served as president of the United States?

  • 44
  • 42
  • 40

How many four year terms can a U.S. president serve?

  • one
  • two
  • three

Who is the only vice president and, later, president who was never elected to either office?

  • Gerald Ford
  • William McKinley
  • Theodore Roosevelt

Which position does the vice president hold in the legislative branch?

  • none
  • president of the Senate
  • speaker of the House

The U.S. president resides in the White House, but what is the official residence of the vice president?

  • the West Wing of the White House
  • the Smithsonian Castle
  • the U.S. Naval Observatory

Which office does the president hold over the United States military?

  • commander in chief
  • commander in charge
  • general in chief

Which of the following is NOT a power granted to the president of the United States?

  • veto congressional legislation
  • issue executive orders
  • overrule the Supreme Court

The President is elected by the Electoral College. How many electors make up the Electoral College?

  • 438
  • 538
  • 638

Which article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the U.S. government?

  • Article I
  • Article III
  • Article V

How many governing bodies make up the legislative branch of government, which is also known as Congress?

  • one
  • two
  • three

How many senators serve in the United States Senate?

  • 100
  • 200
  • 400

True or false: Congress has the authority to override a presidential veto

  • true
  • false

How many representatives are there in the U.S. House of Representatives?

  • 235
  • 335
  • 435