The U.S. Middle East Wars Quiz
by Staff
For decades, the United States has engaged in formal and informal conflict with Middle East countries. How much do you know about U.S. wars in the Middle East?

After which war did the U.S. realize that the Middle East's oil would be crucial to American power?

  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Korean War

Why did the U.S. enlist a young Saddam Hussein to assassinate Iraq's ruler in 1959?

  • The Iraqis were being tortured by their ruler.
  • It wanted more access to Iraq's oil.
  • It wanted to halt Soviet influence.

Operation Desert Shield was meant to stop Iraq from advancing into which country?

  • Saudi Arabia
  • Turkey
  • Kuwait

Which country invaded Kuwait in Aug. 1990?

  • Iraq
  • U.S.
  • Iran

In what year did the U.S. begin a war with Saddam Hussein's Iraq?

  • 1983
  • 2001
  • 2003

When did Iraq's Saddam Hussein apologize for invading Kuwait (and subsequently killing thousands of Kuwaitis)?

  • in 1996
  • In 2002
  • In 1992

Which battle is considered the bloodiest of the Iraq War?

  • Battle of Basra
  • Battle of Baghdad
  • Second Battle of Fallujah

The Anglo-American Petroleum Agreement did what to oil in the Middle East?

  • It made Iran's oil much more accessible.
  • It split oil between the U.K. and U.S.
  • It lowered oil prices.

About how many insurgents made up the force that took over Fallujah in late 2004?

  • about 7,000
  • about 3,000
  • about 500

Why did the U.S. back a military coup that overthrew the Syrian government in 1949?

  • to push an oil pipeline forward
  • to stop Syria from start an atomic bomb project
  • to overthrow a dictator

Which U.S. president said that Soviet military forces in Afghanistan were a "grave threat" to the movement of oil in the Middle East?

  • President Carter
  • President Reagan
  • President Truman

In what year did President Jimmy Carter declare the Persian Gulf as vital to U.S. interests?

  • 1979
  • 1982
  • 1968

In 1953, the U.S. and U.K. sparked a military coup that overthrew the leader of which country?

  • Syria
  • Iran
  • Lebanon

How many nations were a part of the coalition that drove Iraq out of Kuwait in 1991?

  • five
  • 21
  • 34

The Eisenhower Doctrine basically indicated what regarding the U.S. position towards the Middle East?

  • It indicated the U.S. was going to avoid messes in the Middle East.
  • It indicated the U.S. saw the Middle East as an oil bonanza.
  • It indicated the U.S. would sell weapons to nations that wanted democracy.

In 1993, why did the U.S. launch a cruise missile attack on Iraq's intelligence headquarters?

  • To keep Saddam Hussein from escaping Baghdad
  • They attempted to assassinate President Bush.
  • In retaliation for attacks on Kurds in Northern Iraq

In what year did the U.S. first sell bombers to Israel?

  • 1954
  • 1966
  • 1973

Operation Earnest Will found the U.S. Navy escorting ships owned by which country to prevent them from being attacked by Iran?

  • Yemen
  • Kuwait
  • Saudi Arabia

With which country did the U.S. team up to arm Afghan fighters against the Soviets?

  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Saudi Arabia

In the Second Gulf of Sidra incident, U.S. fighter planes shot down fighters from which country?

  • Iran
  • Libya
  • Egypt

How much money did the U.S. give to Israel during the Yom Kippur War?

  • more than $500 million
  • more than $2 billion
  • more than $10 billion

What was the purpose of 1998's Operation Desert Fox, conducted by the U.S. and U.K.?

  • to bomb terrorist training camps
  • to destroy Iraq's WMD programs
  • to remove Saddam Hussein from power

Which country did Iraq invade thanks to behind-the-scenes support from the U.S.?

  • Kuwait
  • Iran
  • Israel

Following an Israeli invasion in 1982, to which country did the U.S. deploy peacekeeping troops?

  • Lebanon
  • Egypt
  • Turkey

How many U.S. service members died in the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing?

  • 75
  • 241
  • 362

Why didn't the U.S. launch serious retaliatory strikes following the Beirut barracks bombing?

  • The U.S. couldn't afford a war.
  • The U.S. had already used up all of its political capital.
  • There was no proof showing who orchestrated the bombing.

How long did the ground war in Operation Desert Storm last?

  • 100 days
  • 100 hours
  • 100 months

In what year did the U.S. withdraw most of its troops from Iraq?

  • 2008
  • 2011
  • 2013

Operation Enduring Freedom targeted which country?

  • Afghanistan
  • Iraq
  • Iran

The Wolfowitz Doctrine stipulated that the U.S.'s objective in the Middle East was to remain a predominant power and to preserve access to what resource?

  • oil
  • puppet states
  • Russia's borders