Go West, young man — as the saying goes. Or instead of doing that, just take this quiz to see how much you know about the cowboys and pioneers who traveled West and the native peoples who lived there long before the migrants came in.
In 1803, Thomas Jefferson did what to increase the size of the United States?
made the Louisiana Purchase
declared that all western states had a right to the lands touching their borders
How much did the purchase cost?
In 1804, who explored these new Western territories and beyond?
Lewis and Clark
What was "manifest destiny" defined as?
the right from God to ordain a president
the right from God to take land from native peoples
the inevitability of the U.S. expansion west to the Pacific
After what war did westward expansion really pick up?
World War I
the War of 1812
the Civil War
Before the Oregon Trail and other overland routes were mapped, how did white settlers get to Oregon and California territories?
No white people were there until after Lewis and Clark.
They paid natives to get them there.
They sailed around the southern tip of South America.
In 1824, trappers publicized what important breakthrough to westward expansion?
the newfangled covered wagon
a lower (and easier) pass through the Rocky Mountains
instructions for fording rivers
What telling change occurred in American policies towards Native Americans in 1815?
American Indian affairs were now handled by the War Department as opposed to the State Department.
Native Americans were no longer allowed to vote.
Native Americans were given the vote.
How did new land from Louisiana and Florida effect native tribes?
They got to stay in their native lands.
White settlers had to learn to coexist with them.
It gave the government more places to "resettle" tribes it wanted to displace.
Five tribes in the Southeast United States refused to trade their land for western prairie resettlement. How many native people died in the subsequent forced march west?
up to 25,000
Cowboys came from a Spanish tradition of cattle herders known as what?
What staple of cowboy life was once native to the North American continent?
Westward expansion of American people also translated to westward expansion of what terrible part of American society?
How did the westward expansion change cowboy life?
Cowboys started wearing cowboy hats.
Cowboys had to move cattle farther north and west to find large ranges.
More cowboys started working with native tribes for wages.
Before the late 19th century, how did cattle herding work?
Cattle roamed freely, and if you caught 'em, they were yours.
Cattle owners kept their cattle in pens.
Cattle were community property, and towns or settlements shared the meat.
What did an "assimilation" policy entail for Native Americans in American history?
separating native children from their families
What's a roundup?
Cowboys round up the cattle every night to bed down.
an annual or semiannual way to brand and sort cattle
lassoing a cow
The Dawes Act gave Native Americans what?
a head of cattle to raise
allotments of private property on reservations
schools for native children
Why did the Dawes Act fail?
Much of the land wasn't good for farming.
A lot of the land was sold to non-native peoples.
Prior to the Dawes Act, Native Americans held roughly 100 million acres (40 million hectares) of land. How much of that acreage did they lose from 1887 to 1932, after the Dawes Act was in effect?
How did the railways affect cowboys?
More wealth brought larger ranches with more cattle.
Cattle were decimated by train traffic.
Cowboys took part in extremely large drives to get the cattle to railheads.
What was the Ghost Dance?
a made up Hollywood idea
a Sioux ritual
a Native American religious movement that hoped to rid the natives of white oppression
How many Native Americans were killed in the 1890 Wounded Knee hostilities?
more than 200
During the 1832 Black Hawk War, Native Americans attempted to regain tribal land in what state?
What famous American was in the militia that stopped those Native Americans?
Robert E. Lee
Some see what event as the end of the open range days of cowboy life?
the rise of the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)
an increase in dairy farming
What did Free Soilers stand for?
no slavery in the Western territories
no property in the West should be owned by private people
a popular potty-training method
By 1910, about 50 percent of the Plains states' population was what?
Americans who had moved West
What was the Compromise of 1850?
California was admitted as a free state, and Washington abolished the slave trade
Western territories were left to decide themselves about the slavery question.
What other provision to the Compromise of 1850 proved to be more ignition for the eventual Civil War?
All Western states had to let black people vote.
The Fugitive Slave Act was strengthened.
Any other states joining the Union must abolish slavery.