World War II was one of the defining conflicts of the 20th century. Just two decades after the end of World War I, it claimed as many as 60 million lives. Let's explore some of the specifics of the Second World War.
The nations involved in the war formed two opposing alliances. What were they called?
- Axis and Allies
- Homeland and Confederacy
- Nazis and Freemen
How many years did the World War II last?
Who was the U.S. president when Pearl Harbor was attacked?
- Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Calvin Coolidge
- Herbert Hoover
During the conflict, were there more civilian or battle-related deaths?
- civilian deaths
- battle-related deaths
- the numbers are about the same
Some historians believe what contributing factor helped set the stage for World War II?
- instability in Europe following World War I
- widespread drought and the resulting famine in Europe
- class struggles in Europe and elsewhere
In what year did Germany invade Poland?
Adolf Hitler predicted the war in his memoir published in 1925. What was it called?
- "Mein Kampf"
- "Meinem Triumph"
Which came first V-E Day (victory in Europe) or V-J Day (victory in Japan)?
- V-E Day
- V-J Day
- They occurred at the same time.
Two nuclear bombs were dropped on Japan in 1945, bringing about the surrender of Japanese and the end of the war in the Pacific Ocean theater. In which two Japanese cities were they detonated?
- Hiroshima and Nagasaki
- Tokyo and Hiroshima
- Tokyo and Nagasaki
The bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Imperial Japanese Navy motivated the U.S. to enter the war. On what date was Pearl Harbor attacked?
- Feb. 7, 1939
- June 21, 1940
- Dec. 7, 1941
How many different countries were involved in the conflict?
The D-Day invasion the Allies orchestrated to retake Europe from the German Third Reich was launched at what location?
- the Normandy coast
- the Pas-de-Calais
- Cherbourg-Octeville, France
About how many battle-wounded people were there worldwide during the course of World War II?
- 10 million
- 25 million
- 40 million
The D-Day invasion, code-named Operation Overlord, was considered a major turning point in favor of the Allies. On what date did it occur?
- April 23, 1944
- June 6, 1944
- Sept. 12, 1944
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, how long did it take Congress to approve President Roosevelt's request to declare war on Japan?
- one day
- one week
- one month
British engineer Robert Watson-Watt's radio-wave device was designed to be a weapon, but it actually became what kind of technology?
There are currently five branches of the U.S. armed services, the: Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps and Navy. Which branch was part of the Army until after World War II?
- Air Force
- Coast Guard
Japan and the Soviet Union were on opposite sides of the World War II conflict. In what year did they sign a peace treaty?
The use of secret, unbreakable codes was a behind-the-scenes strategy employed in wartime. One code language used by the U.S. Marines was borrowed from what Native American people?
- the Navajo
- the Arapaho
- the Iroquois
What treat was invented during the war to compensate for chocolate shortages?
- peanut butter
- the nougat filled candy bar
Who first used the phrase "the war to end all wars"?
- Winston Churchill
- Harry Truman
- Woodrow Wilson
Of the eight battleships damaged or destroyed during the Pearl Harbor attack, how many were eventually repaired and placed into service?
During the war, the British referred to Germans by what common nickname?
How many domestic automobiles were produced in the U.S. after the bombing of Pearl Harbor (between February 1942 and October 1945)?
Before Japan's surrender, there were plans for possibly launching a third atomic bomb. Which city was targeted for this final assault?
What was a "Liberty Steak"?
- a hamburger
Did any of Hitler's relatives fight for the Allies?
- yes, Hitler's brother
- yes, Hitler's nephew
Enola Gay was the name of the B-29 bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb over the port city of Hiroshima, Japan. What was the name of the aircraft that dropped the second bomb over Nagasaki?
- Big Boots
Kamikaze "suicide" pilots were dreaded Japanese weapons during the war. About how many Kamikaze pilots intentionally crashed their planes into enemy targets during the conflict?
World War II was a devastating conflict, but it did lead to the creation of an effective international organization devoted to worldwide peace and security. What is it?
- the League of Nations
- the United Nations