Ready for some high-energy fun? Hop on into this EMT quiz and see if you can keep up with the fast-paced action!
Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) respond to out of hospital emergencies and bring invaluable care to patients. They often use many ordinary, everyday items to do extraordinary things as they go about saving lives. Some of these items you quite likely have in your own kitchen drawer or medicine cabinet. Can you think of any of them? There are quite a few - take the quiz to see what they are!
There is also some highly specialized equipment for performing on-the-spot procedures. EMTs train long and hard to perfect the skill of using them. Have you perfected the skill of identifying them? How about that set of items for drawing air out of a patient's chest or the different apparatus to help patients get the oxygen they need? Do you know their names? Prove it by taking the quiz!
You don't have to be an EMT to pass this quiz with flying colors, but it sure would help if you were! Think you're up to the challenge of identifying each piece of EMT equipment in this quiz? Well then, what are you waiting for? Get to it!
The stethoscope is a fundamental and vital piece of equipment for most health professionals. René Laennec, a Frenchman, invented the first stethoscope - a wooden tube designed for use with one ear.
Blood pressure cuffs are a type of sphygmomanometer. They feature an inflatable cuff, a small handheld pump and a pressure meter. A stethoscope is used along with the blood pressure cuff to listen to the blood as it flows through the patient’s artery.
The folding or collapsible stretcher is also known as a top deck. Some folding stretchers allow the patient to sit upright while being carried if this is deemed best for their medical condition.
The very first medical thermometer was built by the famous scientist Galileo Galilei in the 16th century. Nowadays, they come in many different forms, including digital thermometers, electronic ear thermometers and the traditional liquid-in-glass thermometers.
A manual suction device is a small, portable piece of equipment used to remove fluids from a patient’s mouth or nose. They are a wise standby for the EMT to have in case the battery-operated suction unit loses power.
Micro pulse oximeters help the EMT to measure the proportion of oxygen in the blood of a patient. It can also measure pulse rate and pulse strength.
Nitrile gloves are latex-free and so are safe for use by persons with latex allergy. They also offer more protection than the typical latex glove. The blue gloves often seen worn by EMT are most likely nitrile gloves.
Tweezers (or thumb forceps) are indispensable when it comes to grabbing and removing small particles from wounds, etc. They range from economy models to high-end, anti-magnetic, ultra-fine and high precision variations.
Forceps differ from tweezers in three ways. They are generally large and some are made with teeth or ridges on the tips. Also, forceps are often designed with handles similar to those of scissors.
Disposable medical latex gloves have been around since 1964. Their design is based on the latex condom, which was first produced decades before in the 1920s.
Molded surgical masks provide more structure and a better seal than ear loop masks. They give EMT personnel and patients greater protection against the transmission of germs, but this protects from splashes pretty well.
Face shields are a type of eye protection but they also protect other areas of the face apart from the eyes. They protect the wearer from liquid splashes and sprays, as well as solid particles of debris.
Use of tourniquets dates back to about 200 BCE. A simple tourniquet can be made using a strip of cloth and a stick, but this is not as effective as a commercially made one.
Triangle bandages are typically made from muslin material. There are several ways to fold a triangle bandage so that it can be used on almost any part of the body.
Although it is a single unit, we tend not to say “a scissors” just as we would not say “a forceps” or “a tweezers.” If there is the need to definitely refer them in the singular, we can use the terms “a pair of scissors,” a pair of forceps” and “a pair of tweezers.”
There are many instances in which EMTs will need to use adhesive tape such as medical tape to close wounds and hold dressing. In situations where greater holding power is required (to secure items, for example) heavy duty adhesive tape is generally used.
A splint is used to help keep a patient’s fractured or damaged limb or spine immobile. It limits any further injury to the area.
Full face respirators provide protection from airborne germs. Their design also means that they act as a form of eye protection, as well.
Chest seals are an important part of immediate care for someone suffering from an open chest wound. If air gets into the wound, it can accumulate around the lungs and lead to a painful condition known as pneumothorax.
Burn sheets are used when a patient suffers burns over a large area of the body. They help to prevent the wounds from becoming infected.
Disposable airway kits are used for tracheal intubation of a patient. That is, the flexible tube is inserted in the patient’s windpipe to keep it open while treatment is administered.
The CPR Lifeshield allows the EMT to perform lifesaving CPR on a patient without making mouth-to-mouth contact. It is made of a face-conforming material and has a one-way valve.
The non-rebreather mask delivers a high concentration of oxygen to the patient who is on oxygen therapy. Pep[;e suffering from smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning are among those who would be fitted with a non-rebreather mask.
EMTs are trained to administer emergency oxygen to patients. Apart from the oxygen regulator, the other pieces of equipment include an oxygen tank and a delivery device such as a non-rebreather mask.
The space blanket goes by several other names which are related to its uses: shock blanket, emergency blanket, safety blanket, thermal blanket and weather blanket. It is also known by the brand name Mylar blanket – Mylar being a name for the material used to make the space blanket.
Trauma scissors, trauma shears or tuff cuts are used to quickly cut away clothing from the patient with low risk of inflicting injury. They can cut through all types of tough clothing material and will even go through thin metal.
The roll-up stretcher is strong, lightweight and easy to carry when rolled up. Once the patient is strapped in, the stretcher can be lifted with the patient either horizontal or vertical.
Window punches are used by first responders, including EMTs, to free persons trapped in a vehicle. Some of them are spring loaded, which helps the user deliver blows of different intensity.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) monitoring can help the EMT to deduce what type of help to administer to the patient. Capnography is the term used to refer to the monitoring the levels of CO2 in the patient’s exhaled air.
Triage ID bands or tags are color-coded to indicate the urgency with which the patient should be treated. The typical codes are red for immediate attention; yellow for stable but treat as soon as possible; green for “walking wounded”; white for minor injuries; and black is used on corpses or on patients who cannot be saved.
The seat belt cutter, like the window punch, is very useful when the EMT has to rescue someone who is trapped in a vehicle. It is made with a very tough hardened steel blade.
A chest decompression procedure is performed on a patient who is suffering from a build-up of air in the space between the lungs and the chest wall. The condition is life-threatening but the patient should show improvement once the air has been released.
Emergency oxygen can be administered when a patient is suffering from hypoxia (too little oxygen reaching the body’s tissues). Signs of hypoxia include chest pain, a blue tinge to the lips and the patient going in and out of consciousness.
These pen-sized flashlights help the EMTs to do a pupil test of the patient’s eyes. A regular flashlight could do the job just as well but is not as easy to carry around and does not look as professional as a penlight.
The nasal cannula is used to supply extra oxygen to a patient who may be having respiratory problems. It is fitted into the nostrils and passes behind the ears then under the chin.
The nose hose goes by several other names. These include nasopharyngeal airway, NPA and nose trumpet.
The BVM (bag valve mask) resuscitator is used on patients who need assistance breathing. It is a manual resuscitator which also goes by the names Ambu bag and self-inflating bag.
The disposable earloop mask provides EMTs and their patients with basic protection against germs. The folds of an earloop mask make it expandable so it can fit most people.