Quiz: Can You Pass This Basic Science Of Planet Earth Quiz?
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Can You Pass This Basic Science Of Planet Earth Quiz?
By: John Miller
Image: Yuichiro Chino/Moment/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Like an exceptional lifeboat drifting through the universe, our Earth is a strange and wonderful place. From its majestic Himalayan mountains to the black fathoms of the Mariana Trench, from the gurgling geysers of Yellowstone to the empty cold heart of Antarctica, it’s full of odd and captivating places. Each varying ecosystem is driven by many of the same geologic forces and weather principles that affect every corner of the planet. But what do you really know about the basis facts of Earth science?

The planet’s composition alone is very different from others in the Milky Way galaxy and even in our own solar system. The fundamental building blocks of the Blue Planet affect everything from our atmosphere, to the amount of solar radiation we experience, and the makeup of the very air we breathe. Change just a bit of this formula and, suddenly, our safe haven in the stars would be very inhospitable. What do you recall about the environmental conditions that result from our planet’s various cycles?

The Earth is not an unchanging mass of rock. Driven by heat, friction, gravity, erosion and the interplay of countless other dynamic factors, the planet is virtually a lifeform unto itself. Wade into the salty waters of this amazing Earth science quiz now!

1 of 35
Compared to other planets in the solar system, how close is Earth to the sun?
2 of 35
About 70% of Earth is covered by what?
3 of 35
Earth is the only planet in our solar system known as home to what?
4 of 35
Where is the driest place on Earth?
5 of 35
Most of Earth is made up of what?
6 of 35
If you drilled straight down, what would you find under the North Pole?
7 of 35
Oceans cover about 70% of Earth's surface. How deep (maximum) are those waters?
8 of 35
What's the hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth's surface?
9 of 35
Where would you find the thinnest layer of Earth's crust?
10 of 35
Where do 90% of earthquakes occur?
11 of 35
Near Earth's surface, the air is mostly made up of what?
12 of 35
What layer would you find just below the Earth's crust?
13 of 35
What's the deepest hole that humans have ever drilled into the Earth?
14 of 35
Yellowstone National Park is, at its most fundamental level, what?
15 of 35
What makes up the inner core of the Earth?
16 of 35
Where would you find the world's biggest supply of surface freshwater?
18 of 35
What's one major reason that Earth has plentiful oxygen?
19 of 35
Where would you find the bulk of Earth's freshwater?
21 of 35
How far does Earth's atmosphere extend into space?
22 of 35
Earth's atmosphere protects humans from which threat?
23 of 35
Where did the world's most powerful (recorded) earthquake happen?
24 of 35
Iron has some crazy properties. Earth's iron core causes what?
25 of 35
The Earth is just one of several planets in the solar system. How far is it from the sun?
26 of 35
Tectonic plates are massive moving puzzle pieces of the Earth's crust. The Earth's crust is generally regarded as having how many major tectonic plates?
3
7
27 of 35
At the equator, the surface of the Earth spins at about what speed?
29 of 35
About one-third of Earth's freshwater is located where?
30 of 35
How many rings circle the Earth?
31 of 35
What happens when Earth's mantle breaks through the upper crust?
32 of 35
How fast do Earth's tectonic plates move?
33 of 35
What's one stunning visual consequence of Earth's magnetic field?
35 of 35
Which of the following elements is most common in Earth's crust?
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