It is the coldest and most inhospitable place on Earth. How much do you know about Antarctica?
The -128.5 degree reading was captured at Vostok station in 1983.
The Soviets established Vostok in 1957 and it has been used for all sorts of research.
Vostok is one of the coldest places in the world, and the highest recorded temperature is 6.8 degrees Fahrenheit.
At around 13.8 million square kilometers, Antarctica is actually the biggest desert on the planet.
The average ice thickness is 5,280 feet, or 1 mile.
A whopping 70 percent of our planet's fresh water is locked up in the continent's ice sheet, making it a huge repository of water.
If sea levels rose by 200 feet, the results would be catastrophic for cities around the globe.
It is fifth largest, larger than both Australia and Europe.
Felicity Aston needed only 59 days to cover the 1,084 miles; she relied on just two supply drops during her journey.
And that 2 percent is right on the coasts; it's where you'll find the majority of wild animals who dare make this hostile place their home.
Argentina sent a pregnant woman to the area in 1979 in an attempt to claim part of the continent.
It seems to be a shallow lake, with depths of less than 10 feet, but it is home to thousands of microbes, many of which may be new to science.
Because there's no official time zone, visitors and researchers often go by the time zones in their home countries.
The 9,000-foot peaks are crunched beneath ice that’s nearly 16,000 feet thick, particularly over valleys.
There are about 130 people who call Antarctica home, but because there's no government they can't really be called citizens.
Of the 400 lakes, some are immense. Lake Vostok is roughly the size of Lake Ontario.
The Dry Valleys encompass an area of around 4,800 square kilometers and rarely sees precipitation. The last real rain may have been 2 million years ago.
Modern humans didn't discover the continent until 1820, meaning we've only known about Antarctica for about 200 years.
It is just shy of 190,000 square miles, making this ice sheet about the size of France.
After discovering the continent, it took humans nearly a century to reach the South Pole. A Norwegian expedition made it first.
The Connecticut-sized ice mountain was 183 miles long and more than 20 miles wide.
Ice makes up the vast majority of the coastline, but about 5 percent is rock.
It is about 2,175 miles long, making it one of the longest mountain ranges in the world.
If you're lucky, you might spot six different species of penguins, including the Rockhopper, Macaroni, Emperor, Gentoo, Adelie and Chinstrap.
It gets so cold that about 40,000 square miles of ice accumulate each day. By the end of winter, Antarctica has roughly doubled in size.
With its higher average elevations, the eastern portion of the continent is the coldest.
With 53 countries so far, the treaty essentially establishes Antarctica as a military-free zone that's been set aside for scientific research.
The highest peak, the Vinson Massif, is only 16,263 feet, meaning that these mountains are short compared to many others around the world.
Even though it's mountains aren't particularly impressive, there's enough high places to help Antarctica rank first in average elevation.
Even when the summer weather is "good," the research stations top out at around 4,000 scientists and support staff.