The Bacteria, Virus or Fungus Quiz

SCIENCE

Staff

4 Min Quiz

Before we jump in, let's get some basics down. What is a bacteria?

Bacteria are single cells, with a pretty simple internal structure.

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Which one of these best describes a virus?

Viruses have either RNA or DNA, but lack a complex structure.

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What's a fungus?

Unlike plants that can photosynthesize, fungi need to absorb food from their surroundings.

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What cannot reproduce on its own, without a host cell?

Viruses can't just replicate on their own, so there's some debate about whether they're considered "life."

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What's a germ?

We often just call microbes germs, which can encompass all three categories.

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What is a prokaryote?

Bacteria and archaea are both prokaryotes.

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What is a eukaryote?

Fungi are eukaryotes, as are all plants and animals.

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Are viruses:

Recall that viruses aren't cellular.

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What do we call viruses that aren't part of a host cell?

Virions are the particles that exist outside the host cell.

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What is NOT a fungi?

But wait … we'll see that gets more complex.

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Fungi are present where?

Lichens, for instance, contain both algae and fungus.

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Let's get down to it! Can you name the bacteria?

While we think of most sexually transmitted diseases as viruses, chlamydia is actual bacterial.

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Dengue fever is caused by:

Dengue is in the flaviviridae family of viruses.

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What is smaller: a virus or a bacteria?

Viruses are extremely small.

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About how much bigger are bacteria in comparison to viruses?

But bacteria, of course, are still extremely small and can only be seen through a microscope.

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The Roman deity Robigus was the god of what?

Robigus was honored to prevent crops from becoming mildewed or diseased.

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What works to break down organic matter?

Both bacteria and fungi break down matter and release important elements into the soil and air.

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Which of these is a real fungus?

There are actually quite a few "tooth" fungis.

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Is Wolbachia:

A genus of bacteria, Wolbachia is an extremely common parasite that often infects insects.

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More Latin! The somewhat rudely named phallus impudicus is what?

It's a mushroom, and its Latin name translates to "immodest penis." You can guess what it looks like.

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We can't leave the phallus impudicus just yet. What's its common name?

As if the phallus impudicus wasn't going to get teased enough, its nickname is also pretty rotten.

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Athlete's foot is:

Also known as tinea pedis, athlete's foot is caused by a fungal infection.

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Tuberculosis is:

Although you might think it has symptoms similar to common viruses, TB is bacterial.

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A cold is:

Okay, that might be an easy one.

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Cryptococcosis is a disease that infects the lungs. It's caused by:

A fungus found in soil, Cryptococcosis infects the lungs when it's breathed in.

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Feline leukemia is:

Unlike human leukemia, feline leukemia is viral and contagious to other cats.

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Ringworm is:

Ringworm — in both humans and animals — is a fungal infection. (And there is no worm.)

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Measles is caused by:

Measles is a viral infection.

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Strep throat is:

Which is why antibiotics are prescribed.

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Lyme disease is:

Ticks spread the bacteria Borrelia burgdorfer, which causes Lyme disease.

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Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

Is that weird rash you have a gross fungus, a disturbingly contagious virus or a wholly disgusting bacteria? We can't answer that question, but we can test your knowledge of our three germy friends in general.

About HowStuffWorks Play

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