Can You Figure Out These Basic Metric Conversions?

Annette

Metric units apply to _____.

Metric units apply to length, weight and volume. These can be converted into U.S. customary units.

Does the U.S. use the metric system?

The U.S. uses both the metric system and the customary measurement system. Metric is often used in medical, scientific and technical fields.

Which is more common around the world?

The metric system is the most popular system used around the world. That's why it's so important to learn how to make conversions!

The metric system is based on what?

The metric system is based on 10s, unlike the customary system. For example, a liter is 10 times larger than a deciliter.

Which of these units is used in the metric system?

The metric system uses units such as meters, liters and grams. This is similar to how the customary system uses feet, quarts and ounces.

To measure distance, the metric system uses _____.

To measure distance, the metric system uses meters. These include kilometers, meters, decimeters, centimeters and millimeters.

With the metric system, volume is measured in what?

With the metric system, volume is measured in liters. Mass is measured in grams.

A paperclip has the basic weight of ____ gram.

As a starting point, a normal paperclip weighs about .5 to 1 gram. One gram is defined as the mass of water that would fill a 1-centimeter cube.

Are mass and weight the same?

There is a distinction between mass and weight. Mass measures the amount of substance in an object, while weight measures the pull of the earth's gravity.

A liter is slightly larger than which of these?

A liter is slightly larger than a quart. It's actually about 1.06 quarts.

1 meter is just about the length of what?

The handle of a shovel is just about 1 meter in length. This is also just about equal to a yard.

1 centimeter is a little less than _____ .

1 centimeter is a little less than half an inch. 1.6 kilometers is just about the length of a mile.

1 kilogram is ______ 2 pounds.

1 kilogram is a bit more than 2 pounds. 28 grams is just about the same as 1 ounce.

4 liters is ____ a gallon.

4 liters is just a bit more than a gallon. 1 liter is just a little more than a quart.

Some metric terms have a _____.

Some metric terms have a prefix. For instance, kilo- is 1,000 times larger than the base amount.

Which is smaller?

Milli- is the smallest prefix. It's 1,000 times smaller than the base unit.

Which is larger?

Kilo- is the largest prefix. It's 1,000 times larger than the base unit.

Which is smaller?

Deci- is 10 times smaller than the base unit. Deca- is 10 times larger than the base unit.

A decigram is _____.

A decigram is .10 grams. That is because it's 10 times smaller than a gram.

A milligram is ____ .

A milligram is .001 grams. That is because it's 1,000 times smaller than a gram.

1 decagram = _____.

1 decagram = 10 grams. That's because a decagram is 10 times larger than a gram.

What do medical experts mean by "cc"?

"cc" refers to cubic centimeter. The weight of one cc of water is one gram.

As you move up and down the list of prefixes, you move what?

With one jump from one prefix to another, you have a movement in the decimal point. For instance, a decigram is .1 grams. A centigram is .01 grams.

King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk

So basically, this is a handy way of remembering the order of prefixes. King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk. "Usually" stands for the main unit, such as meter or gram.

kilo- hecto- deca- [unit] deci- centi- milli-

This is the correct order of prefixes. With each step, you get 10 times more or ten times less than the previous prefix.

1 kilometer = ___ hectometers?

1 kilometer equals 10 hectometers. It also equals 100 decameters.

1 kilometer = ____ millimeters?

1 kilometer equals 1 million millimeters. It also equals 100,000 centimeters.

1 milliliter = ___ centiliters?

1 milliliter equals 0.1 centiliters. It also equals .01 deciliters.

1 milliliter = ____ hectoliters?

1 milliliter equals .00001 hectoliters. It also equals .000001 kiloliters.

12.11 kilometers = ____ centimeters?

12.11 kilometers equals 1,211,000 centimeters. That's because you move the decimal point over 5 spaces.

450 mL = ___ hL?

450 mL equals .00450 hL. That's because you move the decimal point ahead by 5 spaces.

5,000 mg = ____ g?

5,000 mg = 5 grams. Now you know how to take your dosage from the pharmacist!

7,226 centimeters =___ meters?

7,226 centimeters equals 72.26 meters. You move the decimal point over two spaces.

1 hectometer = ___ meters?

1 hectometer equals 100 meters. Do you see how you move the decimal point back two spaces?

1meter = ____ micrometers?

1 meter equals 1,000,000 micrometers. It's all about moving that decimal point!

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About This Quiz

It's important to understand the basics of metric conversion, but it's not as easy as you think! In this quiz, we'll test your smarts and have you thinking in meters in no time.

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