Do you know your kings from your dukes?
They aren't just supposed to rule over us. Ideally, royalty - no matter where they are from - are supposed to strive to make their homeland better, be positive role models for their subjects, and foster beneficial relationships with other parts of the world. However, as history has shown us, this isn't always the case. Both the past and present are filled with with examples of royalty who have used their influence as a weapon for good, as well as others who have abused their privilege and caused negative repercussions. In this quiz we've selected just a small handful of the countless kings, queens, pharaohs, sultans and princesses who have ruled throughout history to see if you can correctly identify their titles.
The concept of royalty is not just European. In fact, it is a concept that has existed all over Asia, Africa and even parts of the Americas! This quiz takes a look at royalty from all over the world, including the queens of Europe and Africa, the emperors of India and Japan, and even the kings and queens of Hawaii! So jump right in and get ready to test your knowledge of all things royal!
Elizabebeth II serves as the Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. She is notable for being the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch and the longest-serving current head of state, as of 2018.
Meghan Markle serves as the Duchess of Sussex. Her marriage to Prince Harry, the grandson of Queen Elizabeth II, was widely covered in media and pop culture around the world.
Charles is the Prince of Wales. He is notable for being the heir apparent to the British throne, as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Diana was the Princess of Wales and the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. Her wedding was televised to a global audience of over 750 million people. She died as a result of injuries sustained in a car crash.
Katharine is the Duchess of Kent. Her husband, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, is a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
Harry is a prince who also serves as the Duke of Sussex. He is sixth in the line of succession to the British throne and is notable for his marriage to the American actress Meghan Markle.
Akihito is the Emperor of Japan. He is set to abdicate the throne to his eldest son in April 2019.
Ranjit Singh was a maharaja who served as the leader of the Sikh Empire. He is notable for successfully defeating invasions from Afghanistan on multiple occasions and establishing friendly relations with the British.
Nefertiti was a queen who served as the great royal wife of Akhenaten, an Egyptian pharaoh. She was made famous, in contemporary times, by her bust which now resides in Berlin's Neues Museum.
Ashoka the Great served as an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty. He is notable not only for being one of the greatest Indian emperors but also for promoting the spread of Buddhism.
Khufu was a pharaoh who served as a ruler during the Fourth Dynasty. He is notable for commissioning the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Puyi served as the 12th emperor of the Qing Dynasty. He is notable for being the last emperor of China.
Charles X Gustav was the king of Sweden until his death in 1660. He conducted the First Northern War in Europe.
Mohammed VI currently serves as the King of Morocco. He ascended to the throne in July of 1999, upon the death of his father, King Hassan II.
Margrethe II is the Queen of Denmark. She is the second-longest-reigning Danish monarch, after her ancestor Christian IV.
Shaka was a king who served as a ruler of the Zulu Kingdom. Although he was a skilled fighter and military leader, he uncharacteristically preferred social strategies and propaganda as political methods, as well as diplomacy.
Saladin served as the first sultan of Egypt and Syria. He is also notably the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
Piye was a pharaoh who served as the founder of the 25th dynasty of Egypt. He was originally a Kushite king who subsequently invaded and took control of Egypt.
Norodom Sihamoni is the King of Cambodia. He was also previously Cambodia's ambassador to UNESCO and is notable for being the only ruling monarch who speaks Czech fluently.
Vajiralongkorn serves as the King of Thailand. He is the oldest Thai monarch to ascend to the throne, doing so at the age of 64.
Qaboos bin Said is the sultan of Oman. He is the longest-serving Arab leader, having held the office since 1970.
Henri is a grand duke who currently serves as the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. He is notable for being the first cousin of Philippe, the king of the Belgians.
William I was the first Norman King of England. He is often more commonly referred to as William the Conqueror, and sometimes William the Bastard.
Catherine II was the Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796. She is notable for being the country's longest-ruling female leader.
Kamehameha I was a king who served as the first ruler of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He was the founder of the Kingdom of Hawaii and is also known as Kamehameha the Great.
Harald V is the King of Norway. He is the third child and only son of King Olav V of Norway and Princess Märtha of Sweden.
Alexander the Great was a king who served first and foremost as the King of Macedonia. He was a great military leader. Through conquest he held many other titles during his short life, including Pharaoh of Egypt and King of Persia.
Liliuokalani was the first queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She served as the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii before it was overthrown by the United States.
Peter I was an emperor who served as the Tsar of Russia and later the Emperor of All Russia. His reforms made a positive and lasting impact on Russia.
Anna Nzinga was a 17th-century queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms. She is notable for fearlessly and cleverly fighting for the freedom of her kingdoms against the Portuguese, who were colonizing the area at the time.
Cleopatra VII was a pharaoh who served as the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. She has been the subject of many pieces of art over the years, including sculptures, paintings, poems and films.
Lady Louise Windsor is the elder child and only daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex. She is currently twelfth in the line of succession to the British throne, as of 2018.
Letsie III is the current king of Lesotho. In 2000, he declared HIV/AIDS in Lesotho to be a natural disaster, prompting immediate national and international response to the epidemic.
Amina was a Hausa warrior queen of Zazzau (now part of northwest Nigeria). Many of her exploits are now revered in the region, especially by African women.
Felipe VI is the King of Spain. He is notable for promoting positive relations with Hispanic America and the former Spanish East Indies.
Henry IV was the King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was also popularly known as Good King Henry.
Cuauhtémoc was an emperor who served as the Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan. He is notably the last Aztec emperor before the empire was overtaken by the Spanish.
Ramesses II was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. Ramesses II is one of the more popular candidates for the pharaoh mentioned in Exodus in the Bible.
Akbar I served as the third emperor of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent. He is notable for tripling the size and wealth of the Mughal empire, paving the way for it to become the world's largest economic power in the 17th century.