Where in the USA is Carmen Sandiego?! She's probably bouncing around between the monuments and today, so are we! From the Statue of Liberty to the Lincoln Memorial, can you guess which state these monuments are located in?
If you were to take a trip around the globe, as you visit country to country, you'd probably stop at some of the most famous monuments in the world. Who could go to France without first going to the Eiffel Tower? How could you visit Rio de Janeiro without going to see Christ the Redeemer? If you're traveling to Egypt, you'd have to see the Pyramids at Giza! While these are some of the most visited monuments around the world, we can't forget about the ones in the United States!
The United States has its own long list of monuments that people travel from around the world to see. You'll find a large category of them dedicated to former presidents. A large statue of Abraham Lincoln sits inside the Lincoln Memorial, while a pointed monument stands erected for George Washington. There's also the images of Washington's, Jefferson's, Lincoln's, and Theodore Roosevelt's faces carved into rock at Mount Rushmore. While these are some of the most popular monuments, none of these top the Statue of Liberty, a gift to the US from France.
These are some of the most popular US monuments. Can you match them to their state? There are hundreds more like it around the country and we want to know if you can pair them to the right state.
Will your score go down in history like these monuments? There's only one way to find out! Let's go!
Oak Alley Plantation is located in Vacherie, St. James Parish, Louisiana, on the west bank of the Mississippi River. Owned by the "King of Sugar,” Valcour Aime in 1830, the plantation was first referred to as “Bon Sejour Plantation” and was built by Aime’s brother, Jacques Roman.
Located in Delaware is a statue of the great Caesar Rodney who played an important role in the Declaration of Independence. The statue portrays Rodney on horseback, symbolizing the horse ride he took to Delaware at midnight on July 1, 1776, to cast a vote for Independence.
Hanging high and silently in the Independence Hall in Pennsylvania, is the Liberty Bell with its iconic crack. Formerly referred to as the “State House Bell’, the Liberty Bell was made by metalworkers John Pass and John Stowe after melting the first bell which cracked on the first ring.
Symbolising a stepping stone of the first pilgrims to arrive onboard the Mayflower along with William Bradford, what remains of the original 20,000-pound boulder now sits at sea level in the Pilgrim Memorial State Park in Massachusetts. The rock split in two when townspeople decided to have it relocated.
Named after a surgeon-soldier, James McHenry, Fort McHenry was designated a national landmark in 1925 and then a National Monument in 1939. Fort McHenry is a pentagonal fort located in Maryland. It is most popular for its defense against the British Navy on September 13-14, 1814. The fort was used by U.S armed forces and Coast Guard during both world wars.
A 5000-acre wide plantation in Virginia designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, Monticello was designed and owned by the third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. The mansion on the plantation is featured on the American nickel.
One of the most popular monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, or Lady Liberty, stands tall on Liberty Island in the New York harbor. Symbolising freedom, the copper statue was given to the American people by the people of France after America became independent. The date of independence is inscribed in the “tabula ansata” carried in the statue’s left hand.
The Wright brothers were self-taught engineers from Ohio who successfully constructed the world’s first aircraft on December 17, 1903, at a camp in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The memorial designated in 1932, sits atop Kill Devil Hill, which was once a dune used by the brothers to conduct glider tests.
Willis Tower is a 110-story skyscraper in Chicago. Formerly called the “Sears Tower,” it was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings and Merill in 1969. The Willis Tower was built over three years and was renovated in 2009 by U.S Equities Reality to include the popular glass ledge on the 103rd floor, giving a magnificent view of the city below.
Officially named “Edmund Pettus Bridge,” after a grand dragon of the KKK and a Confederate brigadier, the bridge was the site of the historic “Bloody Sunday.” In 1965, a battle between non-violent protesters and police broke out when protesters marched for voting rights for blacks in Alabama. After reaching the top of the bridge, they were attacked with tear gas and beaten with clubs.
Informally referred to as “Cape Elizabeth Lighthouse” due to its location in Cape Elizabeth, Maine. This lighthouse was constructed at an initial 78 feet in height by Jonathan Bryand and John Nicols over four years as directed by President George Washington. The lighthouse was raised an additional 20 feet during the Civil War.
The Gateway Arch, located in St. Louis, Missouri, stands 630 feet tall and symbolizes the gateway to the west for early settlers. Completed in 1965 and costing $13 million dollars to construct, this 900-tonne stainless steel monument was built to commemorate the expansion of Thomas Jefferson and other settlers into western America.
Originally known as “Mission San Antoni de Valero” the Alamo was built in 1718 in Texas by Spanish settlers to educated American Indians about Christianity. Because of its location among the cotton groves, the mission was referred to as “the Alamo” which is Spanish for cottonwood.
Another very popular U.S monument, Mount Rushmore is a carving of the faces of four presidents; George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln in Keystone, South Dakota. The faces were sculpted by Gutzon Borglum and son, to promote tourism in the area.
An observation center constructed in 1964, the Space Needle is the icon of Seattle, Washington. Influenced by the tower in Stuttgart, Germany, the space needle was the idea of Edward Carlson. The tower was designed by architect John Graham and includes a revolving restaurant.
Put in place by presidential order on July 6, 1911, this monument protects one of the most fascinating geological wonders in California; columnar basalt 60 feet high. The Devils Postpile National Monument was previously part of the Yosemite National Park before a change in boundaries was made upon the discovery of gold near Mammoth Lake in 1905.
Not resembling the typical fairy-tale castle, Montezuma Castle is a five-story cliff dwelling inhabited by indigenous Sinagua people for centuries. Located in the Verde Valley, Arizona, the dwelling is named after Aztec emperor, Montezuma. Seated 90 feet above ground, the dwelling is well preserved thanks to its placement in the alcove protecting it against the wear and tear.
Designated a National Monument by President Barack Obama in 2013, the Charles Young house, located in Ohio, was home to an African-American who served as the highest ranked black officer in the army; Charles Young. Young was born into slavery and was the third African-American to become and an army officer during a time when racism was so prevalent.
The only remaining fort from the 17th century, Castilo de San Marcos was built at Matanzas Bay in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1672. The fort was constructed out of coquina (a type of limestone) which provided an excellent defense against enemies. The coquina instead of falling apart when struck, absorbed the enemies’ attacks.
The first fort attacked during the Civil War in 1861 when Northern and Southern states feuded over the abolition of slavery following the American Revolution. This sea fort, located in South Carolina, was constructed between 1829 and 1861 and was named after revolutionary war hero General Thomas Sumter.
Part of the Pacific National Monument, home to the USS Arizona Memorial, the World War II Valor is essentially a preservation of memories of events marking the entry of the United States into World War II. A monument in the middle of the Pacific, at the site where World War II commenced in America.
After much conflict between the two, the United States declared war on Great Britain in 1812. The Castle Clinton was designed by John McComb Jr. and Jonathan Williams and constructed to the south of Manhattan Island to defend New York.
Preserving what is the result of a volcanic eruption of the Turkey Creek Caldera, Chiricahua, is an 11,985-acre site of towering rocks located in Arizona. The cooled ash wore away leaving what resembles rocks balancing atop pillars. This monument also includes the “Faraway Ranch."
Harriet Tubman was a slave who helped hundreds of other slaves to escape using what was called the Underground Railroad. The escape route was formed in the 19th century and was a network of connections that extended from the southern states where slavery was still in existence, to the northern states where slavery had already been stopped. The actual tower of freedom monument is located in Detroit.
Referred to as “Freedom Fortress,” Fort Monroe lies at the entrance of Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. Named after the fifth U.S president, James Monroe, the fort was built in 1819 after the previous forts (Algernoune and George) were destroyed by fire. Fort Monroe gained the name Freedom Fortress when union commander General Benjamin Butler refused to return three escaped slaves.
On a 328,000-acre plot in sunny California, sky-scraping trees of the Sequoia Dendron species can be found. Deemed a monument by President Bill Clinton in April 2000, the space protects 38 groves of trees, some as tall as 300 feet.
The natural bridges which were named after Native Americans Kachina, Owachoma and Sipapu, are the first National Monuments to be designated in Utah. A natural wonder, the bridges were carved by running water from the white Permian sandstone of the Cedar Mesa Formation.
Home of the famous Pullman strike, the Pullman district is located in Chicago, Illinois was the first planned industrial community built. Designated a monument in 2015 by President Barack Obama, the district featured the Pullman factory and Hotel Florence.
Scotts Bluff is a monument consisting of five rock formations with steep hills used by native Americans and many others as a navigation landmark when passing through Nebraska. Originally referred to as “Me-a-pa-te” by the natives, the Europeans renamed it Scotts Bluff after a fur trader who had died near the bluff in 1828.
The original fort was built by the British in 1758 and rebuilt by the Americans after its capture from the British. The fort, which is found in New York, is known for its defense against a siege in August 1777, and as the site of the Treaty of Paris signed between Britain and Native Americans in 1768.
The Gold Butte is a 300,000-acre preservation area of desert in Nevada with sandstone towers, rock art and countless endangered species. The area is also home to the well-known old mining site, “Ghost Town of Gold Butte.” This area was designated a monument in 2016 by President Barack Obama.
The Little Bighorn Battlefield was the sight of the most successful fight between American Indians and the U.S Army, June 25-26, 1876. The fight arose during the government's campaign to push tribes into reservations after claiming land belonging to the Indians. A total of 268 U.S soldiers were killed during the battle in Montana.
Kasha-Katuwe, located in New Mexico, translates to white cliffs and was formed by weathering of layers of volcanic rock and ash. The “tents” are cones of soft pumice and were designated a National Monument by President Bill Clinton in 2001.
Not to be confused with the rainbow bridge from Greek mythology, Rainbow Bridge is a natural bridge in Utah with a very high arch, possibly the highest in the world. Like most natural bridges, Rainbow Bridge was carved by running water and was deemed sacred by the Native Americans.
The Waco Mammoth is a showcase of fossils of a herd of Colombian mammoths found between 1978 and 1990. A total of 16 fossils were discovered and are currently displayed in their original place of discovery.
Constructed after two unsuccessful sieges by the British in St. Augustine, Florida's governor ordered that a fort be built towards the southern entrance of Matanzas Inlet. In 1742, the fort was used to fire its first and only attack on 12 approaching British ships. After losing Florida to the U.S., the fort was left in ruins until it was repaired and declared a monument in 1924.
Located in the vibrant city of New York, lies a burial ground used for African slaves. New York was home to the second-largest number of slaves. An estimated 15,000 slaves are believed to have been buried in the grounds.
The memorial of Martin Luther King Jr. includes a “stone of hope” sculpted by Lei Yixn. A granite statue of King, named after a line in his famous “I have a dream speech,” is in West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C.
This monument is situated on a plantation in Virginia owned by George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington. The original house burned downed in 1779 after George Washington and family had moved. A memorial house in honor of the president was built in 1930.
This monument protects the site of the great Battle of Gettysburg which occurred in 1863 in Pennsylvania. The battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the American Civil War as it ended Robert E Lee’s invasion of the north.
A protected wilderness area situated on an island south of Alaska which provides the ideal habitat for brown bears, eagles and deer. This island, which was named by George Vancouver after Royal Navy employers, has only one settlement on it, a Tlingit community comprising a mere 572 inhabitants.
Bandelier sits on 33,000 acres of land and was once inhabited by the Pueblo people about 1,000 years ago in New Mexico. The inhabitants built homes by carving into the canyons. The monument is named after an anthropologist researcher who spent time researching the area.
The Casa Grande, or Great House, is one of the largest prehistoric structures in North America. Built by the Soroan Desert people in Arizona, the structure was abandoned in 450 C.E. In 1889-1892, the decision was made to preserve the ruins and repairs were made.
Gila Cliff Dwellings were homes built by Mongolian people in the caves near the Gila River, New Mexico, in the late 1200s. The site was first discovered by Europeans when Henry Ailman and allies took a prospecting trip to the Gila River. The dwellings were designated a National Monument in 1906 to avoid further loss of artifacts to looters/hunters.
This monument was built in San Antonia, Texas to honor working dog teams of the military, present and past. The four breeds featured in the monument are German Shepherd, Doberman Pinscher, Labrador Retriever and Belgian Malinois, the most popular breeds used by the U.S military.
American Indians are believed to have occupied this area in Georgia during the Ice Age. The monument includes great temples, mounds, and burial mounds. Ocmulgee is now a National Park after it was designated a National Monument in 1934.