Quiz: Can You Identify These Australian Mammals?
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Can You Identify These Australian Mammals?
By: Ian Fortey
Image: pen_ash / Pixabay

About This Quiz

The native wildlife in Australia is known for being a bit more unusual than in most places on Earth. Isolated on an island, the range of creatures evolved on a pretty unique path. There are no native animals in Australia that have hooves; there are no monkeys, no bears and not even any native cat species. 

In fact, only one dog species is considered indigenous to the continent. What Australia does have is plenty of marsupials and even a couple of exceptionally weird mammals that lay eggs. There are marine mammals, rodents galore, and more pouches than you can shake a stick at. Once you get through all of that, there are the non-native species that have been introduced and throughout history. Many non-native species now call Australia home and have adapted quite well to life there, even if all the locals don't want them around.

No doubt you’ll recognize those iconic Aussie animals like a kangaroo and a koala right away, but do you think you can get the rest of them? Do you know the difference between an echidna and a dugong? A wallaby and a numbat? A bandicoot and a bilby? Put your skills to the test and see!


1 of 40
This is the largest carnivorous marsupial. What is it?
2 of 40
This animal is the only indigenous member of the canine family in Australia. What is it?
3 of 40
This animal could be mistaken for a kangaroo, but it's smaller. What is it?
4 of 40
This tree-dwelling animal is one of the most recognizable in Australia. What is it?
5 of 40
This aquatic mammal is one of the most playful animals in the world. What is it?
6 of 40
This animal is the largest marsupial in the world. What is it?
7 of 40
This little carnivore only survives for about four years in the wild. What is it?
8 of 40
This big, aquatic mammal feeds mostly on squid. What is it?
9 of 40
This little, waddling animal can grow up to 77 pounds. What is it?
10 of 40
This unwelcome animal is very often found in urban areas, living in houses. What is it?
11 of 40
These aquatic mammals were nearly hunted to extinction before becoming a protected species. What are they?
12 of 40
This non-native species is usually associated with the desert. What is it?
13 of 40
This incredibly strange looking little mammal lays eggs. What is it?
14 of 40
This large mammal was introduced to Australia in the 1860s and is popular with hunters. What is it?
15 of 40
This little marsupial is famous for its love of termites. What is it?
16 of 40
This little animal is sometimes called a rat-kangaroo. What is it?
17 of 40
Sony Playstation once had a game featuring this kind of animal in a starring role. What is it?
18 of 40
This marsupial sounds similar to its North American cousin. What is it?
19 of 40
These massive aquatic mammal is equal in size to about 600 people. What is it?
20 of 40
This little animal is often kept as a pet in Australia. What is it?
21 of 40
This big-eared animal has poor eyesight but a great sense of smell. What is it?
22 of 40
This large animal was introduced to supply meat to Northern settlements. What is it?
23 of 40
This gentle aquatic mammal is a strict vegetarian. What is it?
24 of 40
This extremely bizarre animal lays eggs and has venom. What is it?
25 of 40
This stocky little animal is extinct on the mainland of Australia. What is it?
26 of 40
This animal can live in colonies of up to 20,000 members. What is it?
27 of 40
This photogenic little animal was mistaken for a big rat when it was first discovered. What is it?
28 of 40
This little marsupial spends most of its life in treetops. What is it?
29 of 40
This animal looks like a miniature kangaroo. What is it?
30 of 40
This animal was long considered a pest and was nearly hunted to extinction. What is it?
31 of 40
This little marsupial is easily mistaken for a common mouse. What is it?
32 of 40
This marsupial looks a bit like a monkey but it's actually related to the possum. What is it?
33 of 40
This animal was introduced to Australia as a game animal. What is it?
34 of 40
This invasive species was introduced for sport hunting and is now a serious threat to the Australian ecosystem. What is it?
35 of 40
This animal is quite a good climber. What is it?
36 of 40
This species is hunted to control its feral population. What is it?
37 of 40
This animal sounds incredibly commonplace. What is it?
38 of 40
This nocturnal marsupial eats a lot of fungus. What is it?
39 of 40
This little animal is no longer on the mainland thanks to predators like the red fox. What is it?
40 of 40
This marsupial can grow as tall as 6 feet including its tail. What is it?
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