Can You Identify This Canadian Wildlife From a Photo?

By: Jacqueline Samaroo

The grizzly bear is a large species of bear that can be found in Canada. Their range used to stretch across the west coast of North America (from Mexico up to Alaska); however, today it is restricted to: minor areas in the contiguous US, the western reaches of Canada and the entirety of Alaska.

The North American beaver, a species of mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It is notably the official national animal of Canada and also the largest rodent in North America.

The grey jay, a passerine bird species, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It is native to North America and is also considered to be the unofficial national bird of Canada.

The reindeer is a species of deer that can be found in Canada, Alaska, Russia and the northern reaches of Europe. They are perhaps best known in popular culture for being the draft animal of choice for Santa Claus.

The polar bear, a species of arctic dwelling bear, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It is notable for being the largest species of bear and also the largest land-dwelling carnivore.

The wolverine is a species of carnivorous mammal that can be found in Canada. It is primarily found in cold habitats; like Canada, Alaska, parts of northern Europe and Russia.

The moose, a species of deer, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It is distinguished by its massive size and is actually the largest species of deer in the world.

The mountain goat is a species of goat that can be found in Canada and the northern reaches of the United States. They are notable for their extremely impressive climbing ability – having been observed climbing dangerously steep inclines with ease.

The snowshoe hare, a small species of mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It can be widely found throughout Canada and the northern reaches of the US.

The walrus is a species of marine mammal that can be found in Canada. They are adapted to living in cold habitats and are found in Arctic waters surrounding Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and Russia.

The American mink, a small mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada and a large portion of the United States. It has also been introduced (with varying levels of success) to parts of Europe, Asia, and South America.

The Canada lynx is a species of mid-sized felines that can be found in Canada (as the name suggests). They are widespread throughout Canada but they are also found in Alaska and areas in and around the Rocky Mountains in the U.S.

The trumpeter swan, a large species of swan, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It is notable for being the largest waterfowl in the world and also the largest native North American bird.

The Atlantic puffin is a species of water birds that can be found in Canada; primarily on the eastern coast. Over the years its population has become threatened and it now has a “vulnerable” conservation status.

The stoat, a species of small mammals, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It has an extensive circumboreal range that encompasses Canada, Greenland, Asia, Europe, and the United States.

The leatherback sea turtle is a species of water dwelling reptiles that can be found in Canadian waters (and oceans throughout the world). It notably holds the distinction of being the largest turtle in the world.

The northern fur seal, a species of eared seals, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. Their native range spans the waters of the North Pacific between North America and Asia.

The Arctic hare is a species of small mammals that can be found in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Canada. They are well adapted to cold weather, with a thick fur coat and approximately 20% of their body being made up of fat.

The beluga whale, a species of aquatic mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They are primarily found in the Arctic Ocean and nearby sub-Arctic waters.

The northern pygmy owl is a species of small owls that can be found in Canada. Its native range is the western part of North America (Canada and the United States).

The pumpkinseed, a freshwater fish, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It goes by several other names; including sunfish, pond perch, punkys, and common sunfish.

The narwhal is a species of whale that can be found in Canadian waters. Well adapted for the cold, it makes its home exclusively in the Arctic.

The western skink, a species of small lizard, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. Its range extends from the southern reaches of western Canada, all the way down throughout the western United States and the extreme northwest of Mexico.

The least chipmunk is a species of rodent that can be found in Canada and parts of the U.S. It holds the distinction of being the smallest species of chipmunk in the world.

The Canadian tiger swallowtail, a species of butterfly, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They can be found in most of Canada’s provinces and the northern reaches of the U.S.

The Kermode bear is a subspecies of the American black bear that can be found in Canada. They are the provincial mammal of British Columbia and are also known as the “spirit bear”.

The snowy owl, a species of predatory bird, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. Its name doubly references its white coloration and the fact that it is found in cold habitats.

The common mudpuppy is a species of salamander that can be found in Canada. They are largely nocturnal and prefer aquatic habitats like lakes, streams, and ponds.

The northern flying squirrel, a small mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They are notable for being the only flying squirrel that is native to North America.

The Arctic fox is a species of small canine that can be found in Canada. They live throughout the Arctic tundra and are well adapted to handle extremely cold temperatures.

The merlin, a species of predatory bird, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They are notable for being one of the most iconic falconry birds

The bufflehead is a species of sea duck that can be found in Canada. Their name combines the words “buffalo” and “head," directly referencing the shape of their head.

The tundra swan is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They are sometimes known as the whistling swan or Bewick's swan.

The Canada goose is a species of water bird that can be found in Canada. They are one of the most commonly hunted waterfowl in North America, but have also managed to effectively adapt to be able to live in human-altered areas.

The wood bison, a large grazing mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. They are notable for being the largest land animal in North America.

The massasauga is a species of rattlesnake that can be found in Canada. While their venom is technically deadly to humans, with proper treatment survival is guaranteed.

The collared pika, a small mammal, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. It has a relatively limited native range, only being found in parts of northwestern Canada and southeastern Alaska.

The hoary marmot is a species of rodent that can be found in Canada. It holds the distinction of being the largest ground squirrel that is native to North America.

The short-tailed swallowtail, a species of butterfly, is one of the most notable animals that make up the fauna of Canada. Their primary habitats are coastal regions and it has adapted to be able to fly through relatively strong winds.

The Canadian toad is a species of amphibian that can be found in Canada. They can also be found throughout parts of the U.S. and also go by the name “Dakota toad”.

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Image: Free-Photos/pixabay

About This Quiz

Do these animals send a chill down your spine?

When it comes to countries in the world, Canada has -- without a doubt -- one of the most diverse selections of wildlife. This should not really come as much of a surprise for several reasons. First and foremost, the country's climate is incredibly varied, with the north having incredibly cold arctic weather and the southern areas having relatively hot summers. In addition to this, Canada is a massive country, spanning over six time-zones and holding the distinction of being the second largest country in the world. 

Canada is home to some of the coldest locations in the world and it is one of the few countries that is within the Arctic region. A great deal of the country's animals are adapted to this cold climate; like the polar bear, the narwhal, the Arctic hare, the snowy owl and many more. In this quiz we've taken a look at all of the animals that can be found in Canada and selected a diverse handful from all parts of the animal kingdom! So, are you ready to put your knowledge of Canadian zoology the ultimate test. Then let's get started!

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