Can You Match the Ruler to the Kingdom They Controlled?

Maria Trimarchi

Where did Henry VIII reign?

He was one of the Catholic Church's biggest supporters, until Pope Clement VII refused to annul Henry VIII's 16-year marriage to catherine of Aragon. He began the Church of England, and ruled England for 36 years -- but it's probably his many wives and mistresses that you remember.

Where did Elizabeth II reign?

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, whom we all know as Queen Elizabeth II, began her rule as Queen of the British Empire, which included at the time, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon), and South Africa, when she succeeded her father, King George VI. Her Majesty the Queen is the mother of Charles (Prince of Wales, and father of Prince William and Prince Henry), Anne (Princess Royal), Andrew (Duke of York), and Edward (Earl of Wessex).

Where did Genghis Khan reign?

Genghis Ghan ruled the Mongol Empire from 1206 until his death in 1227. It's estimated that he's responsible for reducing the world's population by 11 percent as he built his empire -- which, in the end, was approximately 12 million square miles of land across the Eurasian continent.

Where did Caligula reign?

Gaius Caesar, nicknamed Caligula (which means "Little Boot"), only ruled for four years, 37 to 41 AD. Caligula was also the first emperor to be assassinated, at the age of 29, by officers of the Imperial Praetorian Guard, an elite unit in the Imperial Roman Army of the Roman Republic.

Where did Augustus reign?

Augustus established what's called the principate, which was the form of government under which Rome ruled the empire for 300 years. Considered the first Roman emperor, Augustus reigned from the time of the assassination of his great-uncle -- and, it turned out, adoptive father, Julius Caesar until he died in the year 14, at the age of 75.

Where did King Arthur reign?

The Knights of the Round Table, Camelot, and the quest for the Holy Grail are popular in Arthurian legend. But this mythological head of the medieval kingdom of Camelot, Arthur, King of the Britons, may actually have been based, and loosely so, on a Roman-affiliated military leader who held off a Saxon invasion in the 5th or 6th century -- but maybe not.

Where did Hirohito reign?

Under Emperor Hirohito's reign, Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy in late 1940. In December 1941, Japanese planes bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor near Honolulu -- the U.S. declared war the next day. In August 1945, Hirohito announced Japan's surrender in World War II, after atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the end, Hirohito's reign was 64 years -- until his death in January 1989.

Where did Ivan the Terrible reign?

Ivan the Terrible, known also as "Grozny" (which means formidable), as well as Ivan Chetvyorty Vasilyevich and Ivan IV, ruled in the 16th century as the first czar of Russia -- and he's credited with transforming the country from medieval lands into a global empire. Before dying in 1584, of an apparent stroke, he created the first official secret Russian police force, called the Oprichniki.

Where did Alexander the Great reign?

Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great, ruled the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from 336 until 323 BC when he died of (probably) malaria at the age of 32 in Babylon (which is the region we know as Iraq, today). Over 10 years, Alexander was victorious across the Persian regions of Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, to name just a few.

Where did Leonidas I reign?

Leonidas, a name that names "son of a lion," was king of the city-state Sparta in Ancient Greece from 489 to 480 BC. Leonidas was killed while leading the allied Greek forces in the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC -- the story of which is played out in the movie "300."

Where did Kublai Khan reign?

Born in 1215, Kublai Khan was the grandson of the legendary ruler, Genghis Khan. In 1260, Kublai Khan took over reign of the Mongolian Empire, which his grandfather had established decades earlier. As the Great Khan, he became the first Mongol to rule all of China, and founded what he named the Yuan Dynasty.

Where did Ramesses the Great reign?

Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great, ruled as pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt for more than 60 years. During his reign, he led military campaigns against the Hittite, which concluded in the first known international peace treaty -- signed by Ramesses and and Hattusili III, the then king of the Hittites. The pharaoh's empire, however, didn't last, and fell just 150 years after his death.

Where did Nebuchadnezzar II reign?

Nebuchadnezzar, a name that means "O god Nabu, preserve/defend my firstborn son," rose to power as many have throughout the ages: He named himself king of ancient Babylonia. From 605 to 561 BC, he ruled, and is considered one of the greatest leaders of Babylon -- until Cyrus the Great conquered his empire.

Where did Napoleon Bonaparte reign?

The first emperor of France, Napoléon Bonaparte -- Napoléon I -- is considered to be one of the greatest military leaders ever in the West. He seized power in France in 1799, and just five years later declared himself emperor. He reigned from 1804 until 1814, and again during what's called the Hundred Days, when he escaped exile on the island of Elba and took part in the War of the Seventh Coalition. Ultimately he was defeated in battle at Waterloo, and died in exile on the island of Saint Helena, located off the coast of Africa.

Where did Prince Rainier III reign?

Prince Rainier III, also known as Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi, was one of the longest ruling monarchs in European history -- he ruled the Principality of Monaco for nearly 56 years, acsending to the Sovereign Prince of Monaco in May 1949 and reigning until his death in 2005, although his marriage to Academy Award-winning American actress Grace Kelly might be what makes him famous.

Where did Cleopatra reign?

For 21 years, Cleopatra, full name Cleopatra VII Philopator, was Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom -- although she may be best known for her love affairs, including Julius Caesar and Marc Antony, and her suicide. Although how she killed herself is uncertain, she did die by her own hand as Octavian’s military pummeled her kingdom.

Where did Franz Ferdinand reign?

Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria, his full name, was the Archduke of Austria and heir to the presumed Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was assassinated at point-blank range in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by Serbian nationalists, on June 28, 2914. Within a month, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and within a week, World War I had begin.

Where did Tutankhamun reign?

Tutankhamun, whom we commonly call King Tut, ascended to to the throne as a child, and ruled for 10 years before his death at age 19. But when his nearly-intact tomb was discovered in 1922, he became immortal. Scholars aren't certain the cause of his death, although they do know it wasn't during military action. Tutankhamun died with an infected broken left leg, but malaria infections also may have contributed to his death.

Where did Catherine the Great rule?

Born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, the daughter of a Prussian prince, Catherine the Great was empress of Russia in the mid-18th century, after her husband, Peter III, was assassinated. Considered the Golden Age of the Russian Empire, her rule lasted from 1762 until 1796, making her the longest-ruling empress of Russia.

Where did Charlemagne reign?

Charlemagne's dream was to unite all Germanic people as one -- and to unite them under Christianity, as well. Also known as Charles the Great, in 771 he became king of the Franks, which is the region that includes present-day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Germany. Later, in 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans.

Where did Qin Shi Huang reign?

Qin Shi Huang was born as Ying Zheng in 259 BC, and dreamed of unifying -- and subjugating -- the peoples of the Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan and Qi states across China under one reign. He succeeded, and in 221 BC had built the first centralized empire in Chinese history, the Qin Dynasty.

Where did Catherine de Medici reign?

Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici was born in Florence, Italy -- but she was married to the Duke of Orléans. After his death as king, she was appointed queen regent for her three sons, Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III.

Where did Vlad the Impaler reign?

You may know him as Dracula, because he inspired the Count Dracula character in Bram Stoker's story. Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia, was born in the early 15th century in what's now central Romania. His nickname, Vlad the Impaler, is said to be a reflection of his favorite way of killing his enemies.

Where did Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, commonly known as Akbar the Great, reign?

Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, also known as Akbar I and Akbar the Great, is considered one of the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. He was born in 1542, and rose to power at age 14. During his reign, he tripled the size and wealth of the empire, and was known for not only his leadership style, but also for ushering in a time of religious tolerance and art appreciation.

Where did Ludwig II reign?

Ludwig II was King of Bavaria, sometime called Mad King Ludwig or the Swan King, from 1864 until he was dethroned after being declared mentally unfit -- and possibly homosexual -- to rule in 1886. His death, at the time said to be suicide, continues to be a mystery.

Where did King Midas reign?

In Greek mythology, King Midas could turn everything he touched into gold -- what you're probably familiar with as the "Midas touch." His kingdom was a region called Phrygia in Anatolia, which is modern-day Turkey, in the late 8th century BC.

Where did the Zhengde Emperor reign?

Born Zhu Houzhao, the Zhengde Emperor was the Ming dynasty Emperor of China between 1505–1521. He died at the age of 29, after contracting a disease from the Grand Canal waters.

Where did Cyrus the Great reign?

In 550 BC, Cyrus the Great conquered the Medes and was the first to unite the Iranian people under one ruler, making him the first king of the first Persian Empire (also called the Achaemenid Empire). Before being killed in battle with the Massagetae, a tribe from the regions of modern-day Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, Cyrus ruled for 30 years.

Where did Xerxes the Great reign?

Xerxes I, known also as Xerxes the Great, ruled as the fourth king of the first Persian Empire (also called the Achaemenid Empire). His reign lasted from 486 BC until he was assassinated by his royal bodyguard in 465 BC.

Where did Montezuma II reign?

Montezuma II, who began his reign in 1502, was the last emperor of the Aztec Empire, which today is the Honduras and Nicaragua region. He ruled until 1520, when he was was betrayed by some of his own people, and soon thereafter defeated by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés -- the details of his death, though, have gotten fuzzy through the centuries.

Where did King Triton reign?

If the fictional King Triton seems similar to the mythical Greek sea god Poseidon, it's because Triton is Poseidon's son. Disney's King Triton reigns over Atlantica, and is the father of Ariel, the little mermaid, and her sisters.

Where did Bolesław I the Brave reign?

Before becoming the first king of Poland in 1025, Bolesław Chrobry -- also known as Bolesław I the Brave and Bolesław I the Great, was the country's duke. As king, though, he wouldn't reign for long -- he died, most likely from illness not from assassination, shortly after his coronation.

Where did Kamehameha I reign?

Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kauʻi Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea, known as Kamehameha, was born around 1758 in Kohala, Hawaii, at a time when the islands were divided into four kingdoms, each with its own alii-aimoku, a ruling chief. He ascended to power when King Kalaniopuu died in 1782. By the time Kamehameha the Great died in 1819, he had successfully united the Hawaiian Islands -- the founder of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Where did Süleyman the Magnificent reign?

Süleyman the Magnificent, known also as Kanuni (which means "the Lawgiver"), was the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire, ruling from 1520 until his death in 1566. His military accomplishments transformed the Ottoman Empire into one of the most formidable powers in the world at that time. And he's even been name-checked by Shakespeare in Act 2, Scene 1 of "The Merchant of Venice," when Prince Morocco tells Portia that he defeated the Sultan Süleyman three times.

Where did Vratislaus II reign?

Vratislaus II, part of the Přemyslid Dynasty, ruled Bohemia (which, since 1993 consists of much of the Czech Republic) as its duke, beginning in 1061. In 1085, his coronation as the first King of Bohemia was held in Prague, and he reigned until his death, from a hunting wound, in 1092.

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About This Quiz

Did you know that Enmebaragesi, King of Kish, is the earliest known ruler, said to have ruled for 900 years? While it's highly doubtful that his reign was literally 900 years, it is archaeologically verified that he was a Sumerian king who ruled around 2600 BC. Since then, there have been hundreds of countries and thousands of rulers. See how well you can match the person who ruled an area to the area that they ruled.

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