Winston Churchill is often regarded as one of the best leaders in British history. His steadfast perseverance in WWII helped buoy English morale in the face of unrelenting German attacks.
Who did Duke of Wellington's forces face off against at the Battle of Waterloo?
In 1815, Napoleon and his French Empire made one last attempt to solidify power in Europe … and lost. The Duke of Wellington and Prussia's army pulled off an unexpected victory and saved Europe from more suffering at the hands of the French emperor.
How many houses make up the U.K. Parliament?
There are two houses comprising Parliament. They are the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
In the English county of Wiltshire, there is a prehistoric monument. What's this iconic landmark called?
Massive carved stones weighing many tons make up the circular monument of Stonehenge. Researchers aren't sure what the purpose of the prehistoric monument might have been.
What is the official flower of England?
The Turdor rose is the official flower of England. It became a symbol of peace in the wake of the long and bloody War of the Roses.
On Remembrance Day, what sort of flower do people traditionally wear?
November 11 is Remembrance Day. On this day, U.K. citizens often wear poppies as a way to remember the people who died in the carnage of World War I.
Who is the queen of England?
She served in WWII and witnessed much of the 20th century's turbulence and wonder … and she's still on the throne. She's Queen Elizabeth II, an icon of the British monarchy.
In 1801, the U.K. unveiled a new official flag. What's it called?
The Union Jack is the U.K.'s official banner. In many places it represents freedom; in others, not so much.
Who do historians regard as the first prime minister of England?
Starting in 1721, Robert Walpole became what historians generally regard as the first prime minister. He remained in office all the way up to 1742.
In what year did British women win the right to vote at the same age as men?
In 1928, U.K. women finally got the right to vote. That's about eight years later than American suffragettes won out.
Who is Queen Elizabeth II married to?
The length of their marriage is almost as impressive as the queen's long reign. She's been married to Prince Philip since 1952.
In the U.K., general elections are held every _____ years.
Every five years, the U.K. holds general elections. These elections have a major bearing on the country's political course.
What's the official home of the prime minister?
Like the big house on 1600 Pennsylvania in the U.S., 10 Downing St. is a very remarkable place. It's the official home of the prime minister.
Which charity expends much of its time and resources in protecting historical buildings and other important areas in the U.K.?
The National Trust is officially known as National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. Esablished in 1895, it protects all sorts of vital manmade and natural wonders in the U.K.
The Grand National is a famous sporting event in the U.K. What sort of event is it?
Every year in Liverpool, the Grand National horse race takes place. Like the Kentucky Derby in the U.S., it’s a race that everyone watches even if they don't know anything about horse racing.
In the House of Commons, the second-largest party is typically known as ______.
The House of Commons is a very powerful political tool in the U.K. The second-largest party is called the Opposition.
The town of of Fort William is located in _____.
Fort William is a town in the Scottish Highlands. It's a big tourist draw, extremely popular for outdoors activities of all kinds.
Where did Henry VIII have his former wife Anne Boleyn executed?
It's no wonder the Tower of London has such a fearsome reputation. It was the site of many killings, including the execution of Anne Boleyn.
In the U.K., people as young as ____ can serve on a jury.
In England, 18 is the age of majority. So in the U.K., you can began serving on a jury at the age of 18.
Scotland creates its own banknotes. True or false, are those banknotes accepted in the rest of the U.K.?
They are of Scottish origin and design, but these unique banknotes are legal tender throughout the entire U.K.
In 2012, Queen Elizabeth II held a major jubilee to celebrate her _____ years as queen.
Elizabeth II is the longest reigning monarch ever in Britain. 2012 marked 60 years as queen for her, and now she's at 66 years … and counting.
True or false, does "Great Britain" refer to only England, Wales and Scotland?
Does any other country have so many possible names? This is true -- Great Britain is indeed England, Wales and Scotland. However, the United Kingdom also includes Northern Ireland.
In 2012, which of these major sporting events was held in London?
In 2012, London played host to the Paralympic Games. Britain actually started these games after WWII as a way for disabled war veterans to compete.
Sir Robert Watson-Watt was instrumental in developing which vital technology?
In the WWII era, Sir Robert Watson-Watt helped push radar technology. Radar became an instrumental tool for the British as their air force held back the German Luftwaffe, saving the country from a Nazi invasion.
What is the national flower of Wales?
In Wales, it is called "Peter's leek." The daffodil is Wales' official flower.
In the House of Commons, who chairs all debates?
In the House of Commons, the Speaker of the House is top dog. He or she leads all debates that take place.
What are "The Canterbury Tales"?
In the 1300s, Geoffrey Chaucer wrote "The Canterbury Tales," a series of poems about people on a pilgrimage to visit the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral.
Nelson's Column is a monument in Traflagar Square that commemorates what?
In 1805, Admiral Horatio Nelson died at the Battle of Trafalgar, in which the British beat back the combined forces of the French and Spanish navies. The column is meant to honor a man who is regarded as Britain's biggest war hero.
The Bayeux Tapestry commemorates which major event in English history?
At the 1066 Battle of Hastings, the Normans won handily and began their conquest of England. The Bayeux Tapestry depicts those events, and it is in remarkably good condition given its extreme age.
Who is the patron saint of Scotland?
Back in the 800s, a war commander named Oengus prayed for the Lord's backing in a battle … and he won. In recognition of divine intervention, he made St. Andrew the patron saint of Scotland.
Maybe you’re tired of watching royal weddings from afar. Perhaps you really just love fish and chips. Regardless of the reason, if you want to become a citizen of the United Kingdom, you’ll first have to pass the official citizenship test. The exam will test your knowledge of basic facts about the country’s history, political system and major events. In this quiz, do you really think you have what it takes to pass the British citizenship test?
For centuries, Britain was ruled exclusively by a powerful monarchy … and you can bet that the exam will feature a good number of questions about kings, queens and their famous exploits. So if you don’t know Queen Victoria from Queen Elizabeth II, you’d better start studying right now. Similarly, you’d best understand how Henry VIII was different from all of his counterparts. Do you recall the iconic royalty of Britain’s long past?
The country’s political system still touches on the pomp and ceremony of its royal past, but these days, Britain’s government is much more democratic. Do you understand how elections and the Houses of the government work? And do you remember some of the nation’s greatest politicians?
Swim the English Channel and make a break for the streets of London! Or better yet, just take this British citizenship quiz now!
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