Can You Pass the Canadian Citizenship Test?

Zoe Samuel

What are the two official languages of Canada?

It's French and English!

Where do most French-speaking Canadians live?

Quebec is the most French province!

What is Canada's biggest trading partner?

The USA is obviously the answer. If the Arctic continues to melt, of course, Russian trade might amp up.

What are the three parts of Parliament?

It's the Sovereign, the House of Commons and the Senate.

Which party is the Official Opposition at the federal level?

The Conservatives in Canada are nowhere near as right wing as their US counterparts. They are currently the second biggest party.

What is the capital city of Alberta?

Edmonton predates the existence of Canada by some 80 years. It was founded where a fort was built in colonial times.

Who are the Quebecers?

If you are from Quebec, then you are a Quebecer.

Who led Quebec into Confederation?

Cartier was a lawyer from Canada who helped bring Quebec into the Confederation.

What are the three main types of industry in Canada?

Canada is blessed with vast lumber and other reserves and it's also a good place to make stuff, since it's cold outside most of the time.

Canada has three territories and how many provinces?

Canada has 10 provinces for a nice round number.

What are two responsibilities of the provincial and territorial government?

The federal government does foreign policy.

Which provincial flag features the Fleur-de-lis?

Quebec has this symbol as it is straight from the French royal flag.

Which party becomes the Official Opposition?

Being the Opposition is not actually very helpful, but it does mean you get a nicer office.

When asked, who must you tell how you voted in a federal election?

You do not have to tell anyone. That's the point of secret ballot!

What is the government of all of Canada called?

The federal government is the boss; the others are independent though.

What are the three levels of government in Canada?

The system is tiered so the federal government has ultimate authority but the provinces handle their own business.

What do you call a law before it is passed?

A bill becomes a law if it passes both houses and is signed by the Governor-General.

Who is the Queen's representative in Canada?

Currently the Queen is represented by Julie Payette.

On what date did Nunavut become a territory?

It used to be part of the Northwest Territories but now it has split off.

What is the capital of Manitoba?

This Cree name means "murky water", which is due to the confluence of the Red River and Assiniboine River.

What is the population of Canada in millions?

There are only 37 million Canadians, which might be why they are so keen to invite more people.

Who do Canadians vote for in a federal election?

You vote local and the party with the most MPs wins the majority and forms a government.

When did the British North America Act come into effect?

This act created the state of Canada.

What happened at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?

Britain beat France out of Canada, and was then itself removed by the Canadians!

Who were the Voyagers?

The Voyagers did their trading in some of the most hostile territory, acquiring pelts and all sorts of goods.

Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

The Charter protects many rights, among them these important two.

When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?

Canada wasn't exactly going around mistreating everyone before this but it seemed a good idea to put their niceness into the law.

What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?

This is a relatively new document codifying and superseding an awful lot of existing law.

What is the capital city of British Columbia?

Victoria is named for the formidable lady who was queen at the time of its discovery.

How does a bill become a law?

Bills pass both houses then they are ready to be signed!

What does it mean to say Canada is a constitutional monarchy?

The queen "reigns, but does not rule", as is the rule in a Constitutional Monarchy. They could abolish her if she overstepped her bounds.

Who had played an important part in building the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR)?

Canada is less diverse than the US but it is more diverse than it is often portrayed to be in US media, with a great many Canadians of Asian origin.

Who are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada?

Canada has a very troubling past when it comes to the rights of First Nations people. There are steps being taken now to wrangle with this unfortunate history.

Where do English and French have equal status in Canada?

Members can argue about things in both languages!

How is the Prime Minister chosen?

The PM is the leader of the party with the most representatives. It's not like the US system, as the executive and legislature are not fully separated.

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About This Quiz

Canada is one of the most-liked countries in the world. Sure, it's incredibly cold half of the year and as its government has acknowledged, it has a pretty sordid history when it comes to its treatment of indigenous people. However, these days it is unarguably one of the nicest places in the world, and that includes every country that currently exists as well as all the ones from the past. Canada has top-of-the-line health care paid for through the tax system. They have an incredibly stable government. Their major cities have public transport. It's a great place to start a business, with massive cultural and economic centers such as Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Vancouver. Their current Prime Minister, whatever you may think of his policies, is extremely good fun to look at.

All in all, Canada has got it going on. That means a lot of people would like to go and live there - and the good news is that Canadians are friendly and welcoming and not at all selfish about sharing their enviable wealth with the less fortunate. That means you can probably go there! You just have to pass this one little test first. So let's see if you're ready to head north!

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