The World Canine Organization is one of the largest international federations of kennel clubs in the world. They count approximately 330 official dog breeds, divided into 10 categories based on their appearance and the purpose for which they were created.
Dog breeding dates as far back to the prehistoric era, when wolves were slowly domesticated into the dogs we know today. They were all bred for a specific purpose which played to their genetic attributes. Dachshunds were bred because their size allowed them to dive into tiny burrows in order to sniff out badgers, bull mastiffs were used as guard dogs to keep intruders away, bloodhounds were bred for their super sense of smell, and Newfoundlands were sought after for their ability to pull heavy items.
How well do you know the different dog breeds found across the world? If you were given images of a mix of rare and common, would you be able to identify them? To make things bit more challenging, will you be able to get them right without any clues or hints? To find out just how much of an expert you are, you should take this quiz!
The Labrador Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds, where they are used in disability assistance, as therapy dogs, for hunting, and as companion dogs. Their fur can be black, brown, or yellow.
The Great Dane is a breed of domestic dog which, despite its name, originated in Germany. The tallest recorded Great Dane was 44 inches from paw to shoulder! However, because of their large size, their life expectancy is shorter than other dogs, at about 8-10 years.
The poodle is a group of dog breeds which come in three varieties; standard, miniature, and toy. The highly-intelligent dog is often seen in sporting events and competitions because of their agility, obedience, and how quickly they learn.
The Miniature Schnauzer is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world, and they are recognized in three colors; solid black, pepper and salt, and black and silver. Although friendly with people, Schnauzers sometimes lose track of their size, and need training to behave well with other - especially bigger - dogs.
It is said that their eyes are among the most human of all dogs, which might be the reason they are such beloved pets around the world. But another reason is that unlike so many other breeds, they don't actually drool.
Standing over two feet tall, the Newfie might seem intimidating, but actually, they are some of the sweetest dogs around. They make great companion dogs, but they do require a LOT of brushing!
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a breed of toy dogs which originated in the United Kingdom and was named after King Charles II because of his fondness for the breed. These little buds are sometimes known as "love sponges," and they love to cuddle, even with kids.
With the right training and leadership, Rottweilers are excellent companions. They love swimming and retrieving, and they need a lot of exercise in order to stay out of trouble - they were bred as working dogs, so they're wired to keep busy and defend those around them.
The Shih Tzu, which is also called the Chrysanthemum Dog, is a toy dog breed which originated in the Tibetan Plateau. These small dogs weigh between 9 and 16 pounds and are very affectionate - one of the reasons why they are so often kept as companion dogs.
The German Shepherd is a large muscular working dog bred for herding sheep. Today, they're busy K-9s in police squads across the United States, and they also make great pets.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a cattle herding dog which originated in Pembroke, Wales. This particular breed is famous for being the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, as she has owned over 30 of them during her reign.
Some people think that Boxers got their names from the way they play: often rising up onto their hind legs to "box" with other dogs. But other people believe that the word "Boxer" is derived from their German name.
The Vizsla is a breed of medium-sized dog which originated in Hungary, where it was used to help hunt fowl and other types of game. They are sometimes known as "velcro-dogs" because they never like to leave their owners' side.
The Pug is known for its distinctive wrinkly muzzled face, curled tail, and compact square body. Unfortunately, that sweet face sometimes means breathing and other respiratory problems for this sweet breed.
The Border Collie is a working and herding dog which originated in the United Kingdom where it was used to herd livestock. They are still used as herding dogs today, but they are also used as tracking and companion dogs, and they are widely known as the smartest breed, and gifted at agility training.
These popular dogs are brilliant, very easy to train and friendly, but they can also be very stubborn. Because of its unique black and white markings, it sometimes is known as the "American Gentleman."
The French Bulldog is a small breed which originated in France. The muscular and smooth-coated dog is one of the most popular breeds in many different countries.
Shelties are brilliant and incredibly loyal and have been referred to as “shadows” because of their attachments to their owners. They're also barkers, sometimes to alert their owners that someone is around, and other times, well, just because.
The German shorthaired pointer is a medium sized versatile hunting breed of dog which is known for its large floppy ears and strong muzzle which uses to retrieve heavy game. The dog is very intelligent, bold, boisterous and affectionate.
Havanese are highly spirited dogs who because of their strong social needs, have difficulty being on their own for extended periods of time. They love paper, especially toilet paper, but when it's time to lounge, they prefer high places, like the backs of sofas, from which they can survey their kingdoms.
Golden retrievers are everyone's BFF! They love you! They love your friends! They want you to be happy! Are you happy!? They are so happy that you're happy! Just wait, can they give you one more kiss? Oh, you are just the best person!
The Brittany Spaniel is a great family dog, but they have difficulty being alone and living in small apartments. Bred to be gun dogs, they like tasks and need a lot of exercise and training to be well-behaved.
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized breed of dog which originated in Russia and still used as sled dogs in some places. Balto was a famous Husky who took life-saving medicine, along with his crew and people, from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, after a diptheria outbreak.
The Xoloitzcuintli, also known as the Mexican hairless dog, is a breed which can be found in toy, standard, and miniature sizes. Although it is a hairless breed, there is a coated variety which can be born from the same litter as the hairless.
The English Springer Spaniel is a breed of gun dog which originated in England. They are friendly, quick to learn, affectionate, and obedient. They are also alert, and attentive, which makes them good hunting companion.
Yorkies are high-energy dogs with fun personalities - if they get enough exercise, that is. Remember: just because a dog is small doesn't mean it doesn't need a run! That's like saying short people don't need workouts to stay healthy.
The Chihuahua is a very small breed of dog that comes in two coat lengths; shorthaired and longhaired. Available in a variety of colors, these little pals are usually kept as companion dogs.
Even though the Basssett Hound is a low-energy dog, it was originally bred to sniff out rabbits for hunters, believe it or not! Their ears hang so low that they pick up scents from them.
The Dachshund is a hound-type dog which was first developed in Germany. Because of its size, it is able to go into small burrows to flush out badgers and other small animals.
The difference between the American and English Cocker Spaniel is that the American is smaller with a shorter back and domed head. You might remember seeing a Cocker Spaniel in Disney's "Lady and the Tramp."
The Ibizan Hound is a lean dog which originated in Eivissa, a Spanish island in the Mediterranean Sea. It comes in two hair types: smooth and wire and are typically seen in a combination of red and white with their pads being light tan in color.
The Rhodesian Ridgeback is also called the African lion dog because of its ability to keep lions at bay. The Ridgeback is muscular, large dog with a notable "ridge" down its back - hence the name.
The Bulldog is one of the most popular pure-bred dogs in the United States. The breed which originated in England has been associated with Winston Churchill, both of whom are national icons of the country.
The Dobermann Pinscher is a medium to large breed of dog which was developed by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann in Germany during the 19th century. These alert dogs which are typically used as guard dogs are known for their cropped ears, docked tail, and a long muzzle.
The Bernese Mountain Dog is notable for its ability to pull many times its own weight. They are also quick learners and can be trained to help in search and rescue operations. They're related to three other types of Swiss Mountain Dogs. Can you guess which ones?
The Weimaraner is a large dog which was first bred in Germany as a hunting dog during the 19th century. Famously photographed by William Wegman, these dogs are sometimes known as "gray ghosts."
The Goldendoodle, sometimes called the Groodle, is a breed of dog which is obtained by crossing a poodle and a golden retriever. They have three main coat types; straight, wavy, and curly and they also range in size from standard to medium to miniature.
The Löwchen, also called the little lion dog, is a breed of small dogs which originated in Europe and is one of the rarest breeds in the world. They are typically seen presented in a lion cut, with much of the lower half of their body shaved.
The Bichon Frise is a small breed of dog which means ‘curly lap dog’ in French. From the time of its creation, it has been very popular with humans, and many are kept as companion dogs. They are also known for winning many dog show competitions.
The Otterhound is a scent hound which was developed in the United Kingdom to assist in hunting game. It has been estimated that there are approximately 600 of these dogs left, making them vulnerable.