The stipulation is a statement that dictates what the puzzle player is to accomplish. A common example is “white to play and win in three moves.”
What's the name for a chess puzzle with the task “white to play and win in two moves?”
A directmate asks the player to win in a certain number of moves.
Which type of chess puzzle does not require completion in a certain number of moves?
A study asks white to win (or draw), but it doesn't require the player to do so in a certain number of moves.
Which kind of chess puzzle asks white to force black to deliver a checkmate, while black resists?
A selfmate is a puzzle where white tries to force black into delivering a checkmate. Helpmates are slightly different, because black cooperates to deliver the checkmate.
What's the name for a chess puzzle that requires a player to reconstruct the moves that led up to the given scenario?
A retrograde analysis puzzle asks a question (such as “whose turn is it to move?”) that requires the player to figure out the previous set of moves.
In a chess problem, what is known as “the key?”
The key is the correct first move in a problem. Keys are often unexpected moves that don’t result in a check or an attack.
In what kind of chess puzzle might you find a nightrider?
A nightrider is a popular unorthodox piece used in fairy chess, a genre of chess puzzles that incorporates unusual rules and pieces.
What's the name for an incorrect first move in a chess problem?
A “try” is a first move that looks like it will solve the problem, but is actually incorrect.
A chess problem with more than one solution is said to be what?
A problem is considered to be “cooked” when it has more than one solution (or more solutions than the composer intended).
What rule applies in a maximummer chess puzzle?
A maximummer requires black to make the geometrically longest move possible. These are used most often in selfmates. Though they're less common, a double maximummer requires both sides to make the longest moves possible.
Just as the game of chess can become a lifelong passion, so can chess puzzles. Show us how much you know about the terminology and rules behind the various kinds of chess puzzles.
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