Only your high school English teacher could truly appreciate the power of grammar. UNTIL NOW. You are about to become a grammar genius, and sweet Ms. Finckelstein would be so proud of you.
There are only three articles in the English language. These are: the, a and an.
An adjective describes a noun or pronoun. Examples include: happy, sad, benevolent, crazy and absurd.
A contraction is a combination of two words, connected with an apostrophe, with some letters removed. "We will" can become "we'll." Only certain pairs of words can be turned into contractions.
"But" and "and" are pure conjunctions. "However" is a conjunctive adverb. So are "therefore" and "hence."
Both of these sentences have danglers in the beginning. The dangler is also known as a dangling modifier.
When speaking in first person, you're referring to yourself. The other sentences are in third person, because they're in reference to someone else.
In this example, "hiking" is a verb that's used as a noun. Another gerund is here: Cooking is very soothing.
In essence, grammar is a set of rules you need to know in order to form a proper sentence. When life renders you speechless, even grammar can't help you.
Wow is an interjection. Interjections are short words that express emotion. "Oh" and "ahem" are other examples.
A noun is defined as anything that can be named. For instance, an object, place, person or thing is a noun. Bacon? A noun.
The object is a noun that is affected by an active verb. For instance: The bear chased the girl. The girl is the object in this sentence.
The verb "swinging" is a participle when it's used as an adjective or noun - "swinging seventies" or "swinging is fun." Swimming, crying, hitting, talked, bumped, crammed, etc.
A phrase has two or more words, and there is no subject or predicate present. For instance: Thank you, excuse me, I'm sorry.
Prepositions indicate the relationship of one noun to another. Think about: on, over, inside, underneath, up, down, upon, etc.
Pronouns basically stand in for other nouns to prevent repetition. For instance, "Diana went to HER room," as opposed to "Diana went to Diana's room."
Second person is the perspective used when, say, instructing or advising others about what to do. "You" should do step one, then step two, and so on.
A dependent clause is not a full sentence. Here's an example of an independent clause: Sam thought about his girlfriend Darlene all day long.
The adverb is the word or phrase that modifies the meaning of a verb. Many adverbs end in "ly": stupidly, awkwardly, painfully.
An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that comes right after a noun, to rename or describe it. For instance: Jackie, a famous dancer, broke her foot.
Auxiliary verbs, or helping verbs, help the main verb. Some auxiliary verbs are: be, do, have and will. I "will" drink a cup of coffee now!
These are all comparatives. They're basically indicators that describe the differences between things, by degree: smarter, funnier, sexier, more tired.
Poem is the direct object in this sentence. It is the thing that is being referred to or acted upon. "Horse" is the direct object in "I bought a horse."
In this sentence, 'her' is the indirect object. In the sentence "I gave Fanny the book," Fanny is the indirect object. The book is the direct object.
The word "very" is an intensifier. It amplifies the meaning of something.
"Sit down now!" is a sentence in the imperative mood. "I think that robots are scary" is in the indicative mood.
You can tell it's in the subjunctive mood when it begins with "if." The mood is used to explore imaginary situations.
There are three moods in the English language: imperative, subjunctive and indicative. Mood refers to the quality of a verb, whether to state a fact, discuss a hypothetical or make a command.
Some says there's only past and present, other will add future tense to this, and still others claim there are 13 tenses. Too much complication.
A third person omniscient narrator knows all and sees all, and can enter the mind of any character as needed. Kind of like a god.
There is a prefix in "my ex-lover." Prefixes include: ex-, de-, a-, in-, and many more.
These are all examples of suffixes. Consider personify, suffragette, fanciful, shyly, etc.
There are countless English literary styles. Publishers, editors, publications and authors will all have their own styles.
"Smartest" is an example of a superlative. It indicates that something has a quality to the greatest degree or least degree. Smartest and stupidest are both superlatives.
The last sentence is written in the third person. The first sentence is in the second person, and the second sentence is in first person!
This is bad grammar. "Go" is in the present tense, and "prayed" is past tense. It should be: "I went to church and prayed" or "I go to church and pray."