The Ultimate Consequences of High Cholesterol Quiz

By: Staff

How long have researchers known about the link between high cholesterol and coronary heart disease?

The ground-breaking Framingham Heart Study in 1948 revealed the strong correlation between high cholesterol and coronary heart disease.

Coronary atherosclerosis refers to ___________________.

Coronary atherosclerosis is when fat deposits accumulate in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This can result in a loss of blood supply to the heart, causing a heart attack.

How long does it typically take for coronary atherosclerosis to develop?

Typically, the narrowing of coronary blood vessels due to plaque accumulation occurs over decades. The symptoms of coronary atherosclerosis are years in the making.

Fatty streaks are the earliest deposits of plaque build-up in the arteries. How do fatty streaks damage arteries?

Fatty streaks damage the thin cell layers of the artery wall lining by over-stimulating the cells to absorb more cholesterol than usual.

What causes plaque accumulation in the arteries to become complicated and troublesome?

Simple plaque build-up can become complicated when calcium accumulates, which results in hardening of the plaque. Complications also ensue when blood cots occur in the bloodstream.

What happens if artery plaque tears or ruptures?

There may be serious health consequences if artery plaque tears or ruptures. A plaque tear causes heavy bleeding and clotting in the artery, which may result in a complete obstruction of the artery and possible heart attack.

Angina is when _____________________.

Angina symptoms include chest pain and shortness of breath. It is the result of a coronary artery narrowing by 30 percent.

What can happen to your heart during a heart attack?

The blood supply to your heart is cut off during a heart attack. This can result in a portion of your heart dying or your heart beating rapidly and uncontrollably (arrhythmia).

What are the risk factors for developing metabolic syndrome?

The main risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome is poor lifestyle choices, including: excessive weight gain in childhood and adulthood, excessive calorie intake, and sedentary lifestyle. Genetics is also a risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome.

According to American eating habits, which of the following fast foods directly contributes to coronary heart disease?

American consumption of french fries is reaching epidemic proportions. French fries are a known contributor of high cholesterol and coronary heart disease and are consumed by Americans in excessively high amounts.

How many Americans die of coronary heart disease each year?

Half a million people die each year from heart attacks and 13 million people live with heart disease.

What should the walls of arteries feel like?

Healthy arteries should feel smooth and flexible. Arteries should be able to move with the flow of blood and the rhythm of the heart.

A two percent increase in trans fat consumption leads to a _____ increase risk of developing heart disease in women.

Consumption of trans fat is extremely dangerous for a woman's health. Increasing trans fat intake by two percent increases a woman's risk of developing heart disease by 93 percent.

What is the recommended daily intake of trans fat?

The United States Drug Administration recommends limiting your daily intake of trans fat to one percent of your total daily calories. This limits your daily trans fat intake to about 20 calories or 2 grams.

Up until recently, what was the typical amount of trans fat in a serving of fast food french fries?

You used to get four times your recommended daily intake of trans fat from one serving of french fries. Yikes! Most fast food restaurants, however, have now eliminated trans fat from their fried food.

Peripheral vascular disease is characterized by ________________.

Blocked arteries can also cause reduced blood flow to the arms and legs, also known as peripheral vascular disease. Complete loss of blood flow to an arm or leg can result in gangrene and amputation.

What are transient ischemic attacks?

A transient ischemic attack, also known as a mini stroke, occurs when a small clot breaks off in an artery that sends blood to the brain.

Damage to the thin layers of artery walls can eventually lead to plaque accumulation and blocked arteries. What causes this damage to the artery walls?

Damage to the endothelium, also known as the thin layers of artery walls, is caused by smoking, high blood pressure, and oxidation of LDL cholesterol.

What do artery walls feel like when there is too much trans and saturated fat in your bloodstream?

Saturated and trans fat sticks to artery walls, creating a sticky texture instead of a smooth one. The body's immune system tries to fix the narrowing of the artery walls, but ultimately makes the walls even stickier.

What is the difference between trans and saturated fat?

Consumption of both trans and saturated fat can lead to health consequences. Trans fat, however, places you at greater risk for atherosclerosis and heart disease.

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About This Quiz

From heart disease to stroke, the health consequences of high cholesterol are reaching epidemic proportions. Millions of Americans live with heart disease and millions more have the risk factors for high cholesterol. Learn more about how high cholesterol leads to serious health complications by taking this quiz.

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