Could You Pass the Australian Citizenship Test?

By: Annette

The country is officially named the Commonwealth of Australia. It is a democratic nation. It became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. Prior to becoming a commonwealth, the British Empire had established six colonies on some of the land.

Canberra is the capital of Australia. It has the nickname The Bush Capital. The city itself is considered a "planned city," much like Washington D.C. This means that it was built entirely intentionally, rather than piecemeal.

The official language of Australia is English, which, while being similar to other varieties of English, has some of its own unique vocabulary. Surprisingly, Mandarin is the second most common language in the country.

The main religion of Australia is Christianity, but Australia is an incredibly religiously tolerant nation with no state-sanctioned religion. Also, 30% of Australians identify as having no religious affiliation at all.

The gemstone of Australia is the opal. The town of Coober Pedy, where many of the nation's opals are mined, is partially underground, because it gets too hot during the daytime to be above ground. Many of the people who live there live in underground homes called "dugouts," as well.

Australia occupies its own continent. In fact, it's the smallest inhabited continent in the world. Antarctica is larger in terms of land mass, but while it has scientists stationed there temporarily, it's not considered inhabited.

Australia is divided into six states. These include South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania. These were essentially the same as the six colonies under the British Empire that existed before Australia became a sovereign nation.

Australia has two self-governing territories. These include Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory. These territories mostly function just like the six states, except that the Commonwealth Parliament has final say in any legislation passed by the local parliaments.

All of the above are cities in Australia. Other main cities include Brisbane, Darwin, Canberra and Adelaide. The country has a population that is over 25 million people.

Mount Kosciuszko is the tallest mountain in Australia, coming in at 7,310 feet above sea level. It's named after a commemorative mound in Krakow, Poland that was built to resemble prehistoric mounds in the region.

Australia is home to the Great Barrier Reef in the east. It is the largest coral reef in the world. It stretched over 133,000 square miles.

Two-thirds of the Australian landscape is desert. While relatively sparsely populated by Europeans and their descendants, parts of the desert have been populated by Indigenous Australians for roughly 50,000 years.

The iconic Sydney Opera House is one of the most famous buildings in Australia. It opened in 1973, and was designed by Jørn Utzon.

Adelaide is home to the Adelaide Christmas Pageant, which is considered a "state institution." In 2010, the parade broke the world record for the largest amount of people singing Christmas carols at the same time.

Brisbane is the center of the Gold Coast. It's known for its many holiday beach resorts and surfing beaches. It's also home to much of the country's entertainment industry.

Today, Australian Aborigines make up only 3% of the population. The Aborigines were the original inhabitants of the continent. There is another main Indigenous Australian group, and that's the Torres Strait Islander people.

The didgeridoo is an indigenous wooden trumpet that was likely invented within the last 1,500 years. It can be between three and ten feet long. The word %0D"didgeridoo" is not actually an indigenous name, and there are competing theories as to how it got its name.

Ayres Rock, now called by its proper aboriginal name of Uluru, is a famous rock formation in the center of Australia. Many Aboriginal people still live in that sacred area.

Australia is famous for kangaroos, koalas and wombats, among other native animals. All three of these animals are marsupials, which means they carry their babies in their pouches while they continue to develop after birth.

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world by geographic size. It occupies the entire 7.6 million square kilometer continent. It also the biggest country in Oceania.

Australia is surrounded by two different oceans, the Pacific and Indian oceans. It also touches four different seas: the Coral Sea, the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Tasman Sea.

Vegetation covers a whopping 91% of Australia, from Eucalyptus forests to sandhill canegrass. Hummock grasslands make up 23% of the native vegetation in the country.

Outside of Greece, Australia is home to largest Greek-speaking population in the world. Most of them can be found in Melbourne, Victoria. In fact, nearly half of the Greek population of Australia lives in Melbourne.

The golden wattle was adopted as the national floral emblem in 1988. It grows on a 10-30 foot tall tree, and the flowers themselves are fragrant.

Around 85% of Australians live near the coast, and it's also one of the least densely populated countries in the world.

Australia is culturally rich and diverse. There are over 200 languages and dialects spoken there, and 45 of these are indigenous languages.

Over 25% of Australians were born in another country. That is the highest proportion of migrant settlers in the world.

Australia has a pretty spectacular ecosystem. It's known for its diverse geography, plants and animals. Because it's isolated as an island, many species of both plants and animals have evolved independently there.

There's much controversy about Australia's flag. It still sports the Union Jack, which is the British flag. The Union Jack is still part of the flag because of Australia's history as a commonwealth of the British Empire.

Australia is home to 16 World Heritage Sites. These include historic townships, cities, landscapes and convict sites from the early colonial period. Australia was used as a penal colony in both the 18th and 19th century.

Australia was the second country in the world to give women the right to vote. However, Indigenous Australians didn't have the right to vote until 1962. New Zealand was the first country to give women the vote.

There's a lot of gambling in Australia. Roughly 80% of Australians engage in gambling of some kind, which is actually the highest rate of gambling in the world per country.

Kangaroo meat is actually quite popular in Australia. You can purchase it at the supermarket, and it's a leaner alternative than other popular meats. People also use kangaroo leather for things like wallets.

Similar to the United States and many other countries, you need to be 18 to vote in Australia. Voting is compulsory, meaning that you don't have a choice. You pay a fine for not voting.

Roast lamb was ranked as the most popular dish in Australia. This was followed by meat pie and barbecue sausage in bread.

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About This Quiz

Does the idea of a kangaroo burger make you excited? Do you like to exercise your privilege to vote? Have you always dreamed of playing the didgeridoo? If so, then Australia might be the country for you! 

This formal British penal colony is now home to over 25 million people, including the largest Greek-speaking population outside of Greece.

From underground opal-mining communities, to sacred desert mountains, the country is home to enormously diverse peoples and places. 

While most of the territory is uninhabited, more than 80% of the population lives on the beach, so if the idea of surfing everyday makes you smile, then you might want to check out the Gold Coast. 

Perhaps you prefer spending your free time at the slot machines and poker tables. If that's the case, we have good news for you! Australia has the largest number of gamblers in the world (and facilities to match.)

If you're ready to find out of you're an Aussie at heart, take this quiz! We must warn you, though. You better like eating roast lamb and meat pie.

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