CPR guidelines have changed over the years. Would you know what to do in an emergency? Test your skills here.
CPR, which stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is meant to resuscitate the body's cardiopulmonary system.
Around 325,000 people die each year from sudden cardiac arrest, but CPR can help lower that number.
Cardiopulmonary arrest is a less commonly used name for cardiac arrest. A heart attack (also known as myocardial infarction) is not the same thing as cardiac arrest.
Mouth-to-mouth CPR was used as far back as 1740.
CPR doesn't treat the root cause of cardiopulmonary failure, but it can help buy time until a victim receives advanced medical care.
If a person is unresponsive, it's a sign they need CPR.
Stroking a baby's skin is the best way to find out if he or she is responsive. You should never shake a baby.
Traditional CPR is best performed by someone who has been trained in CPR and who is confident in their resuscitation skills.
The new acronym, CAB, puts an emphasis on performing chest compressions ("circulation") first.
The American Heart Association saw a need for greater emphasis on chest compressions during CPR.
Finding a pulse on another person can be difficult. It's better to spend your time attempting to resuscitate the victim.
Anyone can perform hands-only CPR, even if they've never taken a CPR training class.
Hands-only CPR involves chest compressions only. Clearing the airway and mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose resuscitation are not involved.
Chest compressions squeeze the heart between the breastbone and the backbone to force blood out.
At least 100 compressions should be administered per minute, but you should aim for more.
The Bee Gee's disco classic "Stayin' Alive" has 103 beats per minute. Singing it in your head while performing CPR will help you keep compressions at an ideal pace.
Performing chest compressions is hard work, but to keep a victim alive, you should try to continue them until emergency personnel can take over.
You should perform 100 or more compressions per minute on a baby, just as you would on an adult. However, you should use two fingers (instead of both hands), and shouldn't compress as deeply.
An automatic external defibrillator actually stops the heart briefly to give the heart a chance to re-establish a normal heartbeat.
Many people -- even those trained in CPR -- are unsure of their skills and afraid of doing more harm than good. However, some CPR is better than none at all.