From Tie-dye to Tuna Cans: Crafting Trends Through the Decades
During the Victorian era, jewelry, handbags and decorative items were made from which of these novel materials?
Crafting women in the late 1800s created bracelets, handbags and embroidery using human hair. It was considered a personal, sentimental material, and it often adorned mourning pieces and friendship jewelry.
This decade saw the first explosion of the fabric-dying method known as "tie-dye":
The hippie movement born in the 1960s started the tie-dye trend that would be popular for decades afterward. Groovy crafters used tools like rubber bands to create usually white, un-dyed streaks when they dipped a shirt or a sheet in colored dye.
Scrapbooking as we know it today likely dates back as far as:
While people have been using blank books to collect information and memories from the beginning of recorded history, the earliest known scrapbooks that resemble today's -- personal albums comprised of multiple materials designed to be passed through generations -- go all the way back to the late 1500s/early 1600s.
In the late 1960s/early 1970s, this centuries-old, knot-based art form took hold as a top crafting trend:
Macramé, the art of using only hand-tied knots (typically in braided cord) to create patterns, is believed to date back to the 13th century, but it fell out of favor by the 1900s. It saw a major revival among crafters from the late 1960s to the early '80s, when macramé wall hangings, plant holders (still big today) and belts decorated countless living rooms, gardens and hip-hugging jeans.
This crafting trend, popular since the 1970s, uses macramé techniques:
Making a typical friendship bracelet involves tying strings or thread (usually embroidery thread) in a succession of knots – often the same types of knots used in macramé. The result is a handmade, color-patterned bracelet often traded or gifted as a symbol of friendship and love.
"Mod Podge," a crafting product created in the 1960s and still popular today, is a play on which of these terms:
The popularity of decoupage in the 1960s was tempered a bit by the time-consuming nature of the art. It required multiple layers of glue and varnish, with drying and sanding between each one -- until Jan Wetstone whipped up a miracle in her garage. The "modern decoupage" medium Mod Podge, a glue, varnish and sealant in one, is still a favorite of crafters today.
Which American, soon-to-be first lady brought knitters together to assist in a war effort?
While George Washington led the fight against Britain in the Revolutionary War, his wife found a way to help at home. Martha Washington organized knitting circles where women knitted items like socks and bandages for the soldiers.
This 21st-century movement promotes crafting as a force for change:
"Craftivism" refers to the activist side of modern crafting: creating small-scale economies, renewing hands-on production of goods and offering handmade help to those in need.
In the 1920s, Great Britain's Prince of Wales (eventually King Edward VIII, and later, the Duke of Windsor) sparked which knitting trend?
In 1921, the Prince of Wales was photographed at multiple public events wearing Fair Isle sweaters, which feature a repeated pattern of varying colors and designs. It caught on immediately, and was soon featured in other knitted articles like hats and gloves.
In what year did the online marketplace Etsy first offer crafters and other artists a central Web site for selling their creations?
The Etsy Web site was launched in 2005 as a start-up forum for buyers and sellers of handmade goods and art supplies. As of 2012, it hosts 800,000 sellers and more than 14 million registered users.
As of 2012, men comprise which percentage of sellers on Etsy?
Never quite considered the "realm of men," the world of modern crafting nonetheless has quite a few male devotees. Men account for 4 percent of the registered users on Etsy -- about 32,000, and that's just on a single Web site.
In the mid-1800s, the offer of long-term payment plans for which machine encouraged women to pursue creative crafting?
When Singer Sewing Machines introduced installment plans in the 1850s, women who before did all essential sewing by hand could suddenly afford to significantly speed up the process -- freeing up time for creative (and non-essential) sewing activities like quilting.
This university established the first post-secondary department of ceramics in the United States in 1894:
Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio was the first American institution of higher education to offer a major in ceramics, opening the door to the elevation of not only pottery, but also other crafts like textile and metalwork to "art" status.
Which of these common household items has become a popular crafting object in the 21 century?
The tuna-can crafting trend has caught on in a big way, with countless crafting projects built around this container (and its various tin-can cousins). Just a few of the things you can make with tuna cans includes a lantern, a candy jar, a pin cushion, Christmas ornaments and wind chimes.
Find out how much you really know about the progression of crafting as a hobby, a lifestyle, a living and a cultural mirror over the centuries.
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