The Ultimate Diabetes and Eye Disease Quiz

Staff

What part of the eye can be affected by diabetes?

Diabetes can affect the retina. Little white patches can form on the retina called exudates.

What can happen if you have little enlargements of the blood vessels in the eye?

Diabetes can lead to the enlargements of blood vessels on the retina. This can lead to eye hemorrhages and microaneurisms. It is, therefore, vital that your eye doctor routinely check your retina for any signs of damage.

Where is the retina located?

Diabetes can affect the retina, which can be found at the back of your eye. The retina is essential for sight.

Retina damage due to diabetes is called:

High blood glucose levels due to diabetes can slowly cause damage to your retina, leading to vision difficulties and even blindness. Damage to the retina due to diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy.

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy:

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy the small blood vessels on the retina become weak and start to leak. This results in hardening and is a sign of early eye disease.

What happens when diabetic retinopathy becomes severe?

More severe cases of diabetic retinopathy result when the blood supply to the retina becomes blocked. This causes scarring and even more damage to the retina. Left untreated, a detached retina may occur, leading to blindness.

Besides diabetic retinopathy, what other eye condition is common among people with diabetes?

People with diabetes are at risk of developing several different eye conditions, all of which can lead to blindness if left untreated, including cataracts and glaucoma. Everyone with diabetes should visit their optometrist regularly for thorough checkups

What is the function of the cornea?

The front of the eye is covered with a tough, clear membrane called the cornea, which protects the eye and focuses light into the eye.

What is the function of the macula?

The macula is located on the retina and is responsible for extra-sharp vision. This part of the eye allows us to see fine details.

What is found in the anterior chamber of the eye?

Right after the corner is a space in the eye called the anterior chamber. This chamber is filled with fluid called the aqueous humor.

People with diabetes are ____ more likely to develop glaucoma compared to people without diabetes.

People with diabetes are almost twice as likely to develop glaucoma. Your risk of developing glaucoma increases with how long you have been diagnosed with diabetes. Your risk of glaucoma also increases with age.

What happens in an eye that has glaucoma?

Glaucoma causes eye pressure because the drainage of the aqueous humor slows down, leading to a build-up of fluid in the eye. This added pressure pinches on the blood vessels of the eye leading to retina and nerve damage.

What happens in an eye that has cataracts?

Cataracts involves the cornea becoming cloudy. This blocks light from entering the eye and leads to reduced vision.

What is the treatment for mild cataracts?

For mild cataracts you simply need sunglasses and glare-control corrective lenses. At this stage of cataracts no further intervention is required.

What is the treatment for advanced stage cataracts?

If cataracts progresses to a point that it significantly obstructs your vision, you may require surgery. Cataract surgery involves removing the cloudy lens. Sometimes the removed lens is replaced with a transplant lens.

What may be the consequence of cataract surgery?

After the removal of the cloudy lens, diabetic retinopathy may get worse and glaucoma may develop. Cataract surgery is definitely not a cure-all!

What is photocoagulation?

Photocoagulation, a standard treatment for diabetic retinopathy, involves making small burns on your retina with a laser. These burns seal off the leaky blood vessels, preventing further damage.

What are the side effects of photocoagulation?

A common side effect of photocoagulation is blurred vision that remits after a few days. Some people may experience a loss of peripheral vision.

What is vitrectomy?

Vitrectomy, or eye surgery, may be necessary if your diabetic retinopathy is in a more advanced stage. Vitrectomy involves surgically removing scar tissue and cloudy fluid from the eye.

What type of eye exam should you have at least once a year?

All people with diabetes should have a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Having your eye prescription renewed is simply not enough. Book an appointment with an ophthalmologist.

Explore More Quizzes

Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

Eye disease is common among people with diabetes. Diabetes related eye disease can progress into serious and irreversible problems, even blindness, if left untreated. It is, therefore, essential that everyone with diabetes understands what they should do to prevent and treat eye disease. Take this quiz and learn how to protect your vision.

About HowStuffWorks Play

How much do you know about dinosaurs? What is an octane rating? And how do you use a proper noun? Lucky for you, HowStuffWorks Play is here to help. Our award-winning website offers reliable, easy-to-understand explanations about how the world works. From fun quizzes that bring joy to your day, to compelling photography and fascinating lists, HowStuffWorks Play offers something for everyone. Sometimes we explain how stuff works, other times, we ask you, but we’re always exploring in the name of fun! Because learning is fun, so stick with us!