Do You Know Everything There Is to Know About Canada?

By: Bambi Turner
Image: shutterstock

About This Quiz

Canada is one of America's closest neighbors, but how much do you really know about these neighbors to the north? Take our quiz to test your knowledge of Canadian history, culture, politics and more!

What city serves as the capital of Canada?

The city of Ottawa, which is located in southern Ontario, is the capital of Canada. The majority of the country's national government buildings are located within the city, which has a population just under 1 million.

Which is NOT an official language of Canada?

To respect the country's diverse heritage, Canada includes both French and English as its official languages. While English is spoken by the majority of the population, about a third of all Canadians have a working knowledge of French.

How many provinces does the country have?

While the U.S. is made up of states, Canada consists of provinces. The country has ten provinces and three additional non-provincial territories as of 2017.

What is the only country that's larger than Canada, by area?

Canada is the second-largest country on the planet by area -- only Russia is larger. If you take out water area and include only land, Canada falls to fifth place in country size rankings,

Who is the head of the Canadian government?

Canada is an independent state of Great Britain, and all laws are made by Parliament and the Canadian Prime Minister. Justin Trudeau was elected to the role of Prime Minister in 2015.

When did Canada gain its independence?

Canada became an independent nation in 1931. The change in governance occurred thanks to the Statute of Westminster, which was passed by the U.K. Parliament in 1931.

Who was the first European to set foot in Canada?

Columbus might get all the glory for "discovering" America, but it was Viking Leif Eriksson who became the first European to reach Canada, around the year 1000. Of course, many natives were already living on the continent at the time.

What currency is used in Canada?

Canada has its own currency, known as the Canadian dollar. It's very similar to U.S. currency, though Canadians commonly use $1 and $2 coins -- and the Canadian penny was discontinued in 2012.

What image is on the Canadian flag?

The maple leaf has served as a symbol of Canada since at least the 18th century. Today, the red maple leaf is the main feature on Canada's red and white national flag.

What is the name of the country's national anthem?

First written with French lyrics, "O Canada" has been an unofficial anthem for the country since the 1880s. It got English lyrics in 1908, and was named the official national anthem in 1967, revised in 1980.

What percentage of Canadians live within 100 miles of the U.S. border?

Canada is a massive country, extending all the way up to the Arctic Circle. Despite all this land, many experts say that 90 percent of the nation's 36 million people live within 100 miles of the U.S. border.

Canada has more of what than any other country?

More than half of all the lakes in the world are located in Canada. The country has about 20 percent of all the freshwater on Earth -- though more than half of that is tied up in glaciers or otherwise unavailable.

When is Canada Day?

Canada Day is a national holiday celebrated every July 1. It commemorates the 1867 Constitution Act, which united Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single nation known as Canada.

Which of these is crucial for making poutine?

Once a popular dish in Quebec, poutine is now widely consumed throughout Canada. The dish, made from French fries, cheese curds and gravy, can even be found at Tim Horton's.

What's the tallest mountain in Canada?

Located in the Yukon, Mount Logan is the tallest peak in Canada. It's also the second-highest mountain in North America, after Denali.

What is the most common religious affiliation in Canada?

According to the Pew Research Forum, two-thirds of all Canadians are either Catholic or Protestant, with Catholic being the more popular of the two. Minority religions account for about 10 percent of religious affiliations in the nation.

What's the official winter sport of Canada?

Ice hockey is the official winter sport of Canada, while the official summer sport of the country is lacrosse.

What does the word "Canada" mean in the Iroquoian language?

Canada roughly translates to "village" or "settlement" in the native Iroquoian language. The name has been in use since at least the 16th century.

What's Canada's official animal?

The beaver is the official animal symbol of Canada. The creature played an important role in the growth of the nation, which largely depended on fur trade in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Which of these cities has never hosted the Olympics?

As of 2018, Canada has hosted three Olympic Games. These include the summer games in Montreal in 1976, and the winter games in 1988 and 2010 in Calgary and Vancouver.

What is a Mountie?

Established in 1920, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police serve as both federal and national police forces in Canada. The officers are often referred to as Mounties.

Where is the CN Tower located?

At 1,815 feet, the CN Tower is the tallest structure in Canada. Completed in 1976, it can be found in the city of Toronto.

What mountain range runs through Banff National Park?

The Rocky Mountains stretch through Banff National Park. Complete with lakes, glaciers and spectacular natural beauty, Banff is one of Canada's most popular tourist destinations.

What is the largest waterfall that makes up Niagara Falls?

Niagara Falls is just as popular for Canadians as it is for Americans. The largest of the three waterfalls, Horseshoe Falls, is located on the border between the two countries.

The Rideau Canal runs through which city?

The Rideau Canal runs through the city of Ottawa, Canada's capital city. In the winter, people come from all around to skate for miles on the frozen canal.

What makes the Bay of Fundy so famous?

Located between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick is a spot known as the Bay of Fundy. With a tidal range of 55 feet or more, this location boasts some of the biggest tidal swings in the world.

What does Nunavut mean in the Inuit language?

Canada divided the vast Northwest Territories in 1999 to create a third territory. Known as Nunavut, it means "our land" in the Inuit language. Around 85 percent of the population on Nunavut is Inuit.

Which Canadian city has the largest population?

With 2.8 million people, Toronto is Canada most populous city. Montreal is second, with 1.7 million residents, followed by Calgary with 1.3 million.

Where can you find Signal Hill?

Signal Hill is a historic site located near St. John's in Newfoundland and Labrador. Not only is it home to an important fort, but it was also the site where Marconi received the first wireless transatlantic signal in 1901.

What is a loonie?

In Canada, dollar coins are used quite commonly. The $1 coin is called a loonie, while the $2 coin is a toonie. The loonie is so named because it has a picture of a bird - known as a loon - on one side.

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