Do You Know What These Doctors Specialize In?

Becky Stigall

Gynecologist

A gynecologist specializes in female reproductive anatomy. The term "gynecology" means "science of women."

Radiologist

A radiologist may use medical imaging to diagnose and help treat disorders and diseases. The initial "pictures" are usually taken by a technician.

Obstetrician

An obstetrician is specially trained in pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Many obstetricians are also trained in gynecology.

Cardiologist

A cardiologist specializes in the heart and the circulatory system. The word "cardiology" is from the Greek, meaning "heart" and "study."

Oncologist

An oncologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. An oncologist might also focus on research and prevention of cancer.

Gastroenterologist

A gastroenterologist focuses on the digestive system. Gastroenterologists complete several years of graduate medical education.

Pulmonologist

A pulmonologist is specially trained in diseases of the respiratory system. The word pulmonology means "study of the lung."

Endocrinologist

An endocrinologist is concerned with the study of the glands that secrete hormones. They treat diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism.

Hematologist

A hematologist is concerned with disorders and diseases of the blood. They treat diseases such as anemia, leukemia and hemophilia.

Rheumatologist

A rheumatologist specializes in diseases and disorders of the joints and soft tissues. A rheumatologist may treat diseases such as lupus and arthritis.

Immunologist

An immunologist specializes in the relationship between pathogens and immunity. They treat autoimmune diseases, including lupus.

Infectiologist

An infectiologist might also be called an infectious disease specialist. A doctor of this kind treats infections, including pneumonia, tuberculosis and AIDS/HIV.

Nephrologist

A nephrologist treats disorders and diseases of the kidneys. A nephrologist might also be called a renal physician.

Geriatrician

A geriatrician specializes in diseases and care of the elderly. A geriatrician might also be called a geriatric physician.

Algologist

Algology is the study and treatment of pain. The word stems from the Greek word "algos," which means "pain." The specialty is often called pain management.

Intensivist

An intensivist practices intensive care medicine. This type of medicine may require the use of life support or invasive monitoring.

Sports physician

Ok, so this one was a dead giveaway. Practitioners of sports medicine need a snazzy name, like "sportsivist."

Proctologist

Proctologists often focus on colorectal surgery. The term "proctologist" has fallen out of use for the most part, in favor of "colorectal surgeon."

Endoradiologist

The term "endoradiology" means radiology "inside out." Nuclear medicine is used to diagnose and to treat diseases.

Epidemiologist

Epidemiologists are concerned with the study and treatment of diseases in defined populations. They often work in positions of public health.

Podiatrist

A podiatrist treats disorders of the feet, ankles and lower extremities. Before the 1900s, podiatrists were called chiropodists.

Psychiatrist

Psychiatrists diagnose and treat mental health disorders. Most treatments combine talk therapy with medications.

Geneticist

Medical geneticists focus on inherited disorders. They may diagnose and/or treat disorders such as sickle-cell anemia and Huntington's disease.

Neonatologist

Neonatology is the branch of medicine that focuses on sick or premature newborns. Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics.

Internists

Internists practice general medicine. Many internists practice as primary care physicians.

Pediatrician

Pediatricians treat children and adolescents. Pediatricians may choose a subspeciality, such as pediatric oncology or pediatric cardiology.

Neurologist

A neurologist diagnosis and treats disorders of the nervous system. Neurology is from the Greek words "neuron" and "the study of."

Dermatologist

A dermatologist is concerned with issues of the hair, skin and nails. These issues may be either disease-related or cosmetic.

Urologist

A urologist is concerned with diseases and disorders of the urinary tract. A urologist might also focus on the male reproductive system.

Ophthalmologist

An ophthalmologist is trained in diseases and disorders of the eye. They treat problems such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Pathologist

A pathologist studies diseases in general. A pathologist might specialize in certain systems, such as renal pathology or cardiac pathology.

Anesthesiologist

An anesthesiologist works with a surgical team to care for surgical patients before, during and after surgery. An anesthesiologist might also be called an anaesthetist.

Otorhinolaryngologist

Otorhinolaryngologist is a fancy name for what most of us call an ENT. ENTs have surgical training.

Immunologist

An immunologist treats allergies, asthma and immunologic disorders. An immunologist might also be called an allergist.

Nutritionist

A physician nutrition specialist is a doctor with special training in human nutrition. Some physician nutrition specialists work with patients who have had weight loss surgery.

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About This Quiz

According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, there are more than 120 medical specialties and subspecialties. We've compiled a few of them in this quiz. Can you identify what each of these specialists does?

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