The Ultimate Dog Training Quiz

Staff

How much money do Americans spend on their pet dogs per year?

According to 2005 figures, it was just under $40 billion then and is certainly more today.

What are the main differences between the various dog training methods?

Of all the training methods available, they differ in how quickly they work and how much the dog and handler enjoy them.

In Pavlov's original study, he added the component of _____ to the paired salivating-feeding operations.

He added bell ringing so that the dog would associate the three components together: bell ringing, salivating and being fed.

Pavlov termed the salivating phenomenon as _____ whereas the bell ringing was _____

The salivating was an unconditioned stimulus insofar as it was natural and no training was involved, whereas the bell ringing was a conditioned stimulus that prompted a conditioned, or trained, response.

Regarding classical conditioning, which applies to both animals and humans, is the learning active or passive?

The learning is passive, even involuntary. A human example of this is when we tense up at the sound of an ambulance driving past. This response is involuntary and learned passively.

What does the reward and punishment system, introduced by Skinner, rely on?

It relies on the actions of the learner. If the learner acts in a certain way, he or she will receive a reward and the converse is true, too. But the choice is voluntary.

What did Skinner call his approach to learned, conditioned behavior?

He called it operant conditioning: The operant is the learner's action on the environment to elicit a desired response.

Which of these is an example of a negative reward?

A negative reward refers to the removal of something as a reward. In this case, the horse having to gallop faster to remove pressure is the negative reward.

If you don't like to use the negative reward of an electronic collar for ethical reasons, how else can you train your dog?

The possibilities are unlimited, but your best bet is to use positive rewards, like praise or patting.

What's the best reinforcement for all dogs?

Every dog is different, so what works for one might not work at all for another. Just like people, dogs have their likes and dislikes too.

What animals did the Brelands conduct a training experiment on in the 1950s?

They experimented on marine animals, teaching them to recognize a marker of desired behavior, even when it wasn't the final action before receiving a reward.

If the marker isn't the reward, what is it?

The marker is a signal that the behavior is correct and that a reward will follow soon.

What is a common marker that people use, especially after it was introduced by animal behaviorist Karen Pryor?

Many people use a simple metal clicker.

When using a voice marker, what should you consider?

The word used as a marker should be short and specific and the tone consistent.

How does the trainer help the dog understand that clicking means a treat will follow?

The trainer begins by repeatedly clicking, then immediately offering a treat.

In the process of dog training, what is meant be shaping?

It's a step-by-step process, during which the stakes get higher as the dog becomes ready to learn more.

If you command your dog to sit while you're standing, then do so again while you're sitting down, why is it difficult for the dog to understand the command?

Animals are contextual learners, so your changing position is, in a sense, a change of context for the dog.

What is the hardest part of using the clicker system?

The hardest part, at least from the trainer's point of view, is having good timing and consistency.

What is the usual explanation for a dog's failure to learn something?

It usually boils down to a breakdown in communication. The responsibility, then, would rest on the trainer to try to improve the communication and make it clearer.

What is a downside of punishers?

Punishers in the form of unpleasant consequences are often associated with the handler rather than the transgressed behavior.

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Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

Training a dog might not be as easy as one-two-three, but it's rewarding for both handler and dog. With consistent efforts it can bring out the best in the duo, generating desirable behaviors in the dog and satisfaction on the part of both. Take this quiz to learn more about how dog training works.

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